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Horticulture Production : Issues

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Horticulture Production : Issues & Challenges Dr. Gorakh Singh Horticulture Commissioner Indian culture is visible in its agriculture where horticulture brings a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Horticulture Production : Issues


1
Horticulture Production Issues Challenges
  • Dr. Gorakh Singh
  • Horticulture Commissioner

2
Indian culture is visible in its agriculture
where horticulture brings a unique multicoloured
aromatic culture
  • With each passing day, value of horticulture is
    increasing by enhancing productivity,
    profitability, sustainability, nutritional
    security, employment generation, equity and
    balanced agriculture growth.


3
Growth in Horticulture
  • During the last decade, area increased nearly
    4.0 per annum.
  • Production grew over 7.0 per annum.
  • Higher growth rate in production mainly due to
    improvement in productivity, which increased by
    26 between 2001-02 and 2011-12.

4
Growth in Horticulture
  • Area under horticulture crops has increased from
    16.6 million ha in 2001-02 to 23.24 million ha in
    2011-12 with corresponding increase in production
    from 145.8 million tonnes to 257.28 million
    tonnes.
  • During 2012-13, area production of horticulture
    crops is estimated at 23.65 million ha 265
    million tonnes, respectively.

5
Prospects in horticulture
  • Growth achieved in horticulture sector so far
    needs to be sustained
  • Increase in demand of horticulture products due
    to growing population, increase in household
    income and growing sensitivity towards
    nutritional security.
  • Enhance returns per unit of area.
  • Harness existing potential for horticulture
    sector.
  • To achieve this, there is need to address
    critical issues challenges.

6
Major Production Related Issues
  • Inadequate availability of planting material.
  • High prevalence of senile orchards.
  • Rainfed horticulture.
  • Lower productivity.
  • Insufficient trained manpower.

7
Major Challenges
  • Production of high yielding, disease free
    planting material of identified varieties.
  • Commercialization of high density planting system
    in potential fruit crops.

8
Major Challenges
  • Rejuvenation and canopy management.
  • Skill development on improved production systems
    management.

9
Major Challenges
  • Creation of water harvesting structures linking
    with water saving technologies suitable for
    horticulture crops in rainfed/ dryland areas.

10
Major Challenges
  • Commercialization of Greenhouse technologies for
    production of high value crops.
  • Promotion of mechanization to bring efficiency in
    production systems.

11
Way Forward
  • Focused areas for XII Plan
  • Special emphasis on establishment of mother
    blocks/ rootstock blocks with hi-tech nurseries
    tissue culture units.
  • Accreditation of nurseries.
  • Area expansion linked to availability of quality
    planting material.
  • Covering more areas under F1 vegetable hybrids.
  • Cultivation of vegetables for round the year
    production.
  • Establishment of crop based centre of excellence.

12
Way Forward
  • Focused areas for XII Plan
  • Promotion of high density/ ultra high density
    planting systems in potential crops.
  • Tree canopy management right from establishment
    stage.
  • Integrated approach on micro irrigation
    mulching.
  • Rejuvenation of old, senile unproductive
    orchards.
  • Protected cultivation of high value crops.
  • Promotion of mechanization in horticulture.
  • Capacity building through training
    demonstration of improved technologies.

13
Issues with states
  • Accreditation of nurseries-All nurseries need to
    be accredited to ensure production supply of
    quality planting material. So far only 570
    nurseries have been accredited through NHB.
  • Import of planting material of improved varieties
    and rootstocks-States need to identify variety/
    rootstocks and its requirement for establishment
    of progeny blocks.
  • More attention is required for procurement of
    planting material of standard qualities instead
    of tendering system.
  • Protocols and standards of vegetatively
    propagated fruit plants (Already circulated) -
    More awareness is required on quality parameters
    of vegetatively propagated fruit crops.
  • Concerted efforts are essential in ensuring
    timely availability of seeds.

14
Issues with ICAR
  • Production of nucleus seeds and planting material
    of improved varieties of horticulture crops.
  • Develop varieties/ rootstocks which are tolerant
    to drought, frost, pest diseases.
  • Assess water/ nutrient requirement of different
    plant densities for varied agro climatic zones.
  • Develop models for tree canopy architecture for
    important fruit crops.
  • Develop efficient system to identify and monitor
    pests diseases of important crops.
  • Develop technologies suitable for rainfed
    horticulture.
  • Develop RD website highlighting proven
    technologies.

15
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