Mastering the Mechanics of Writing Part 2: Structuring Sentences - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Mastering the Mechanics of Writing Part 2: Structuring Sentences PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 5a0cfe-MzM2M



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Mastering the Mechanics of Writing Part 2: Structuring Sentences

Description:

Title: Mastering the Mechanics of Writing Part 2: Structuring Sentences Author: Rachel Grammer Last modified by: Beth Oyler Created Date: 3/15/2013 9:07:29 PM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:103
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 40
Provided by: RachelG73
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Mastering the Mechanics of Writing Part 2: Structuring Sentences


1
Mastering the Mechanics of Writing Part 2
Structuring Sentences
  • Rachel Grammer
  • Writing Instructor
  • Walden University Writing Center

2
Housekeeping
  • Muting
  • Questions
  • Tech trouble? http//support.citrixonline.com/en_U
    S/GoToTraining
  • Recording http//writingcenter.waldenu.edu/415.ht
    m

3
Agenda
4
Why grammar, anyway?
  • To move clearly from internal thought to
    external communication.

5
Phrases
NO SUBJECTS OR VERBS ALLOWED
6
What is a phrase?
7
Types of phrases Adjective
  • Phrases can describe nouns
  • Filled with joy, the girl jumped up and down.
  • The man with the red jacket is my father.

8
Types of phrases Adverb
  • Phrases can also describe verbs (or adverbs)
  • He performed the research to see if the embryo
    would react to changes in external lighting.

9
Phrases and fragments
  • A phrase by itself is considered a sentence
    fragment.
  • After the experiment
  • According to Johnson
  • Running down the road
  • Revisions
  • Running down the road, the athlete completed the
    race.
  • After the experiment, the researcher slept.
  • The sun is bright, according to Johnson (2013).

10
Phrases and citations
  • If you use an author in the text, often you will
    use a phrase to introduce your in-text citation
  • According to Zuckermans (2013) study, APA is
    considered fun by most students.
  • As a result of Grammers (2013) research, the
    leadership quality increased.
  • In Nadeau et al.s book (2013), the authors
    discussed the correlation between rap music and
    motivation.

11
Clauses
  • SUBJECT VERB

12
Definitions
13
Types of clauses Independent/Dependent
  • Clauses can be both independent and dependent.
  • An independent clause can stand by itself as a
    complete sentence.
  • A dependent clause must be connected to an
    independent clause or complete sentence. It
    cannot stand on its own.

14
Connecting Clauses
  • Words such as after, because, though, since,
    before, if, when, although, while, as, and so on
    are words that often connect clauses.
  • The study failed because the research was
    invalid.
  • While the snow was blowing, someone told me it
    was the first day of spring.

15
Clauses AND Phrases
16
Types Introductory
  • Provide additional information
  • Not part of main structure or idea of sentence

after before despite etc.

CLAUSE After they had attended the faculty
meeting, the department chairs agreed to submit
their requests to the dean. PHRASE According to
Mendez (2003), 67 of college freshman at
resident universities experience some degree of
homesickness.
17
Clauses, phrases, and citations
  • Clauses and phrases can help you to introduce
    in-text citations in APA.
  • Phrase According to Grammers (2013) study
    comparing speaking and writing discourse
    strategies, language is fluid.
  • Clause Though Nadeau (2013) argued that
    chocolate is good for human beings, other sources
    claimed that it is unhealthy when eaten in bulk
    quantities.

18
Clauses/Phrases and heads
  • If your phrase or clause has a head, be sure
    that it is attached.
  • The man who did the research studied frogs.
  • The man studied frogs who did the research.

Based on concepts presented by Black, K. (2005).
Guide for the advancing grammarian An
exploration of English for writers and teachers.
St. Paul, MN Kitelko Publishing
19
Misplaced modifiers
  • When a head is separated from its clause, this is
    a misplaced modifier
  • The study that was extremely difficult was
    eventually published by a famous researcher.
  • The study was eventually published by a famous
    researcher that was extremely difficult.

20
Dangling modifiers
  • When you begin a sentence with a description of
    an action, the very next word must be the head.
  • Dangling Racing across the finish line, her shoe
    fell off.
  • Revision Racing across the finish line, she lost
    her shoe.

21
Run-on sentences
  • Run-on sentences occur when you have multiple
    clauses and phrases that are not connected.

The man completed the study by researching the
disease that was unpreventable the man discovered
a preventative injection.
22
Fragments
  • Phrases or dependent clauses that are not
    connected to an independent clause.
  • Being a child, he felt inadequate to compete.
  • Although he was small, he was strong.
  • Because he wanted to run, he signed up for the
    race.

23
Mixed Sentence Construction
  • Mixed sentence construction happens when the
    beginning of the sentence does not match the end.
  • By implementing the study completed the research
    process.

Introductory Phrase
Fragment
24
Mixed Sentence Construction
  • Revision By implementing the study, the
    researcher was able to better predict the
    behavior of red-winged blackbirds in wetlands in
    Illinois.
  • Revision A distribution of a final survey
    completed the research process.

25
Exercise Time!
26
Sentences and word choice
27
Types of Sentences
28
Structure and Parts
  • Simple Made up of an independent clause
  • He performed research.
  • Compound Made up of two or more independent
    clauses.
  • He performed the research, and he won an award
    for his strong work.

Sentence type definitions adapted from Purdue OWL
29
Structure and Parts
  • Complex Made up of an independent clause and one
    or more dependent clauses.
  • Although he had never been a good student in high
    school, he graduated from university summa cum
    laude.
  • Compound-complex Made up of two or more
    independent clauses and one or more dependent
    clauses.
  • The rain was falling, and the weather was cold,
    though it was supposed to be spring.

30
Parallelism
  • Parallelism in writing is similar to mathematics.
  • Parallel list The men, women, and children were
    all enthralled by the fireworks.
  • Not parallel The men with hats on, women were
    sitting on blankets, and the eyes of the children
    were all enthralled by the fireworks.

31
Parallelism
32
Agreement
  • Number and gender must agree
  • Pronoun agreement
  • The student has to take his or her test.
  • The team won its prize.
  • Teachers are role models to their students.

33
Agreement
  • Verb agreement
  • The idea for electric light bulbs as they exist
    today was from Edison.
  • The group of children was prominent in the
    research results.

34
Passive voice
  • Indicators
  • Form of to be (am, is, are, was, were, be,
    being, been)
  • -ed or en form of the verb
  • by phrase
  • Passive The research was completed, the surveys
    were finished, and the results were written by
    the author.
  • Active I completed the research, finished the
    surveys, and wrote the results.

35
Varying Sentence Structure
  • You get to choose!
  • Original In my research, I studied the effects
    of sleep deprivation. I did an exhaustive
    literature review first. I determined a
    quantitative focus second. I began to create a
    survey.
  • Revision In my research, I studied the effects
    of sleep deprivation. After performing an
    exhaustive literature review, I chose a
    quantitative focus and began to create a survey.

36
Exercise Time!
37
Resources
38
Resources http//writingcenter.waldenu.edu/
  • Guides and resources
  • Exercises and quizzes

Automated grammar checker
  • Webinars
  • Description of one-on-one tutoring
  • Writing courses

39
Thanks for joining us!
  • Questions?
  • writingsupport_at_waldenu.edu
About PowerShow.com