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The Annotated Bibliography


Title: The Annotated Bibliography Author: VALUED CUSTOMER Last modified by: Sherri Created Date: 2/12/2003 6:44:52 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Annotated Bibliography

The Annotated Bibliography
  • Sue Borglund, PhD, RN
  • Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing

What is a Bibliography?What is an Annotation?
  • An Annotation is a commentary a reader makes
    after critically reading an information source.
    It can include a summary of the reading, the
    readers response to the reading, and/or
    questions/comments addressing the articles
    clarity, purpose, or effectiveness.

What is an Annotated Bibliography?
  • An Annotated Bibliography is a list of
    bibliographic citations that includes a
    descriptive and evaluative paragraph of each
  • Its overall purpose is to support your study of a
    particular subject by providing a collection of
    succinct article summaries that will negate the
    need for rereading of an article.

Where do I start?
  • Begin by critically reading the article. View the
    reading as an interactive process in which your
    interpretation of authors words is influenced by
    your own knowledge and experiences.
  • Critical readers attempt to dialogue with the
    text by asking tough questions on the articles
    purpose, audience, language and content.

Questions to ask about an article
  • Who is the author? His/her credentials?, biases?
  • Where is the article published? What type of
    journal is it? What is the audience?
  • What do I know about the topic? Am I open to new
  • Why was the article written? What is its purpose?
  • What is the authors thesis? The major supporting
    points or assertions?

Questions to ask about an article
  • Did the author support his/her thesis/assertions?
  • Did the article achieve its purpose?
  • Was the article organized?
  • Were the supporting sources credible?
  • Did the article change my viewpoint on the topic?
  • Was the article convincing? What new information
    or ideas do I accept or reject?

Writing the Annotation
  • A strong annotation contains
  • A summary of the article
  • Your response to the article
  • A list of interesting or meaningful quotes
  • Questions connecting the article and your
    knowledge and experience.

The Summary Paragraph
  • Begin by succinctly stating the articles thesis
    and major points.
  • Describe/define key points and how they are
    connected or substantiated.
  • Describe the usefulness and the limitations of
    the article
  • Limit in length to 3-4 grammatically correct

The Response Paragraph
  • Describe your reaction to the article as a whole.
  • Describe the relevance, accuracy, and quality of
    the citation and its conclusions.
  • Document your response to the authors ideas,
    argument, writing style or any other notable
    aspect of the article.

  • Directly cite or paraphrase interesting or
    meaningful quotes from the article you wish to
  • The usefulness of the quote should be evident
    from its content.
  • Be sure to note the page number of the quote or
    paraphrase for later referencing.

  • Consider the articles clarity, purpose, or
  • What do you question about the thesis or main
    points? Or the argument supporting them?
  • What connections are there between your knowledge
    experience, and the articles information?
  • Avoid yes/no questions they limit thought

Creating the Annotated Bib
  • Start with the citation written in MLA style
  • (hint use NoodleTools, RefWorks, or any works
    cited generator)
  • Pay attention to the details of a bib citation
  • Capitalization
  • Punctuation
  • Use of italics

The Annotation
  • Summarize each articles central thesis and
    respond critically to the major points supporting
    the thesis.
  • Quotes generally 3-4 quotes/article. Include
    page numbers with the quote.
  • Questions generally 2-3 questions. You are not
    expected to answer them just raise them.

Use the Annotation/suggestions
  • Attach a copy of your annotation to the article
    you are annotating. Add comments as you reflect
    on its content. Start an alphabetical file of
    your annotated articles.
  • Use note cards to track and save the information
    you find in your articles

An example of an Annotation
  • This annotation was published in Meleis (1991).
    It has been shortened, but please note the lack
    of page numbers for the quotes included in the
  • Donaldson, S. K., Crowley, D. (1978). The
    discipline of nursing. Nursing Outlook, 26(2),
  • This article poses a series of significant
    questions. It begins by noting the question of
    the nature of nursing, but addresses this through
    a subquestion What are the recurrent themes in
    nursing inquiry? These could suggest
    boundaries for systematic study of the
    discipline of nursing. There follows a long
    discussion of the nature of classification of
    disciplines. Nursing is

Example cont.
  • seen as a professional discipline. It is noted
    as a discipline different from nursing
    science(gt) and nursing practice (gt). Finally,
    the structure of the discipline of nursing is
    considered, a generalization is offered (nursing
    studies the wholeness or health of humans), and
    some major conceptualizations in nursing are
  • The article is poorly organized.
  • Nevertheless, this seminal work is challenging.
    It makes the point that nursing is a discipline
    and gives support to its focus.

Annotated Bibliography Powerpoint Bibliography
  • Engle, M., Blumenthal, A., Cosgrave, T. (2002,
    November 20). How to prepare an annotated
    bibliography. Retrieved February 7, 2003, from
    Cornell University Library, Reference Department
    Web site http//
  • Meleis, A. L. (1991). Theoretical nursing (2nd
    ed.). Philadelphia Lippincott.
  • Wilhoit, S. (2001). A brief guide to writing from
    readings. Needham Heights. MA Allyn Bacon.
  • Williams, O. Writing an annotated bibliography.
    Retrieved February 7, 2003 from University of
    Minnesota, Crookston Library Web site