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Introduction to Sports Psychology

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The reality is that the mental game of sports ... concentration at the task at hand and the ability to exercise distraction control Definitions Mental imagery: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to Sports Psychology


1
Introduction to Sports Psychology
  • Mr. Doron

2
Dorons Top Video Clips!
  • Spider Jones 1/2
  • Spider Jones 2/2
  • Al Pacinos speech to Football Players
  • Al Pacino is Scent of a Woman
  • Al Pacinos moving speech
  • Al Pacino in the Insider

3
Agenda
  • Introduction
  • Administrative
  • Definitions related to sports psychology
  • History
  • 1st Topic Psychological Characteristics of Peak
    Performance
  • Highlights

4
Introduction
  • We often hear that the game is 90 mental or more
  • Often more so the higher up the performance (from
    recreation ? city ? provincials ? national ?
    international or professional
  • Unfortunately, at the lower level, athletes
    either do not know how to improve their mental
    skills or spend little or no time working on the
    mental part of their game

5
Introduction
  • Unfortunately, it is often viewed as something
    necessary for the weak-minded competitor who has
    issues. The reality is that the mental game of
    sports affects every athlete, no matter what
    their strengths or weaknesses may be.
  • Psychologist vs psychiatrist
  • One does not prescribe medicine while the other
    one does

6
Success
7
Administrative
  • Course Syllabus
  • Some marks are based on your presence and
    participation in class.
  • If 1-2 are misbehaving, I will deal with you on
    my own if more then that then the class will be
    disciplined
  • Surprise quizzes, work, staying back after class
    etc.
  • Let us not even go there once!

8
Administrative
  • 1st five minutes no questions
  • this is my time to get myself organized
  • Give class instructions for the period
  • Sometimes instructions are written on the board
    so therefore do it
  • Often teach for the 1st 20 minutes and then you
    do the work.
  • Questions or Comments please raise your hand!
  • Internet site for class notes click here.

9
PBH Points
  • Participation
  • Behavior
  • Homework
  • Do Good things
  • Homework done (90 or more), answer questions in
    class, correct me if I make a mistake (be nice
    about it) 5 points
  • Do Bad things
  • Come late to class, disrupt, not do homework -5
    points
  • Get kicked out of class 10 points!

10
Lates Absences
  • If you are late enter the class quietly
    (doorknob might be unlocked). Do not make a show
    of it! I keep track of lates and you may receive
    a detention.
  • If I award points for homework and you are
    absent, it is your responsibility to show it to
    me after class on your time (not mine). This
    should take 20 seconds.
  • Late assignments -5 / day.
  • If absent, must be handed in upon your return (no
    penalty). If you do hand it in the next day, this
    will be considered two days late 5 / day
    late).
  • Get two reliable classmates number.
  • Tests or quizzes are expected to be written the
    day you come back. Make sure your absence is
    justified to avoid headaches.

11
Definitions
  • Psychology The study of human and animal
    behavior
  • Sports psychology It is the principles of
    psychology used in a sport setting
  • Through sport psychology, an athlete can gain the
    mental edge to reach their goals, recover from
    injury, or gain confidence.
  • Sport psychology is the bridge that links the
    mental and physical aspects of training.

12
Definitions
  • Flow is the mental state of operation in which
    the person is fully immersed in what he or she is
    doing, characterized by a feeling of energized
    focus, full involvement, and success in the
    process of the activity. Proposed by psychologist
    Csikszentmihalyi
  • Confidence the belief in oneself

13
Definitions
  • Self-talk An internal dialogue
  • Optimism The ability to see the positive side of
    things
  • Pessimism the tendency to see the most gloomiest
    of outcomes
  • Focus concentration at the task at hand and the
    ability to exercise distraction control

14
Definitions
  • Mental imagery Clear pictures in your mind of
    your performance using all the senses (sight,
    sound, taste, smell and touch) to successfully
    imagine successful performances
  • Motivation the drive or action towards a goal

15
Goal of Sports Psychologists or Sports Psychology
Coaches
  • Teach athletes techniques that are commonly used
    in sport psychology such as mental imagery,
    relaxation, goal setting, building confidence,
    learning to focus, create a positive self-talk
    and regulating energy levels and becoming more
    optimistic.
  • Through learning and practicing these techniques,
    an athlete or person has the ability to reach
    their potential, achieve peak performance or what
    is called flow.

16
Positive Quotes
17
History of Sports Psychology
  • The first sports psychologist has said to be
    Norman Triplett a North American man from
    Indiana, born in 1898. Tripletts first finding
    as a sport psychologist was that cyclists cycle
    faster in pairs or a group, rather than riding
    solo.

18
History of Sports Psychology
  • Carl Diem, a German who lived in Berlin, founded
    the worlds first sports psychology laboratory in
    1920.
  • In 1925, Cloman Griffith opened the first sports
    psychology lab in North America. He began his
    research in factors that affect sport performance
    in 1918, and in 1923, offered the first ever
    sports psychology course.

19
History of Sports Psychology
  • Today, sport and exercise psychologists have
    begun to research and provide information in the
    ways that psychological well-being and vigorous
    physical activity are related.
  • Just recently have sport psychologists begun to
    be recognized for the valuable contributions they
    make in assisting athletes and their coaches in
    improving performance during competitive
    situations.

20
Positive Quote
Act as if it were impossible to fail.
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