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Forms of Business Ownership and Organization


Title: Options for Organizing Small and Large Businesses Author: MCC User Last modified by: WileyService Created Date: 5/24/2010 11:50:10 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Forms of Business Ownership and Organization

Forms of Business Ownership and
Organization http//
Learning Goals
Distinguish between small and large
businesses. Discuss the contributions of small
businesses to the economy. Discuss the survival
rate of small businesses. Describe the features
of an effective business plan. Describe funding
opportunities for small businesses, including
the role of the Small Business Administration. Exp
lain how franchising can provide opportunities
for both franchisors and franchisees.
Outline the three main legal forms of business
ownership and summarize the features of
businesses owned by employees and families, as
well as not-for-profit organizations. Describe
public and collective (cooperative) business
ownership. Identify types of corporations and the
levels of corporate management. Describe mergers,
acquisitions, and joint ventures.
Most Businesses are Small Businesses
  • 90 of firms with employees have fewer than 20
    people on staff.
  • 98 have fewer than 100 employees
  • More than 20 million people in the United States
    earn business income without employees.
  • Almost ½ the sales in the United States are made
    by small businesses.
  • Small businesses generated 60--80 of new jobs
    over the last decade.
  • Small businesses are a launching pad for
    entrepreneurs and encourage the prevalence of

What is Small Business?
  • The Small Business Administration defines a small
    business to be a firm that is independently owned
    and operated and is not dominant in the field.
  • Manufacturing business fewer than 500 workers
  • Wholesalers fewer than 100 workers
  • Retailers less than 6 million in annual sales
  • Agricultural business less than 750,000
  • Small businesses sizes range from 500,000 to
    25 million in sales and from 100 to 1,500

Typical Small-Business Ventures
Major Industries Dominated by Small Businesses
Home-Based Businesses
  • 52 of small businesses
  • 16 million
  • Allows for more control of business
  • Allows for more control of personal time
  • Keeps start-up and operating expenses low
  • Owner can feel isolated and business has less
    visibility to customers

Contributions of Small Business
  • Create New Jobs
  • Account for 30 of U.S. Exports
  • Offer Customized Services
  • Create New Industries
  • Encourage Innovation

Small Business Failure
  • 3 in 10 businesses close permanently within two
  • 50 of businesses fail within five years.
  • By the 10-year mark, 82 of all small businesses
    have closed permanently.

Reasons Why Small Business Fail
  • Management Shortcomings
  • Inadequate Financing
  • Government Regulation

Increasing the Likelihood of Small Business
  • Creating a Business Plan
  • Written documentation that provides orderly
    statement of goals, methods, and purpose
  • Discusses the companys mission and vision
  • Analyzes unique advantage, customers, and

Sources of Small Business Financing
Small Business Administration
  • Government agency concerned with helping small
    business firms
  • Financial Assistance
  • Loan Guarantees
  • Microloans
  • Small Business Investment Companies (SBICs)
  • Active Capital SBA Loans

Other Specialized Assistance
  • Set-Aside Programs
  • Government Contracts (over 23)
  • 5 for women and minorities
  • Assistance in Financing Government Procurement
  • Business Incubators
  • Local community initiatives to share resources
    for small start-ups
  • SCORE Counselors to Americas Small Business
  • Small Business Development Centers (SBDC)

Opportunities for Women Minorities
  • More than 40 of U.S. businesses are owned by
    women (10 million businesses)
  • The number of businesses owned by minorities
    outpaced the growth in the number of U.S.
    businesses overall.
  • Women and minorities still face challenges
  • Smaller-scale operations
  • Challenges finding investors
  • Access to capital

Minority-Owned Businesses
The Franchising Alternative
  • A contractual business agreement between a
    manufacturer or another supplier and a dealer to
    produce and market the suppliers good or
  • Links to franchising opportunities
  • Subway
  • Entrepreneur

The Franchising Agreement
  • Franchising agreements exist between franchisee
    and franchisor.
  • 50 of all retail sales
  • 760,000 businesses
  • 18 million jobs
  • 500 billion in payroll
  • Near 2 trillion in sales
  • New franchise opens every 8 minutes
  • Franchising overseas is a growing trend

Benefits and Problems of Franchising
  • Prior Performance Record
  • Recognizable Company Name (Brand)
  • Proven Business Model
  • Tested Management Program
  • Savings through Volume Purchases
  • Franchise Fees
  • Future Payments (Royalties)
  • Linked to Reputation and Management
  • Franchise Agreement Restrictions
  • Tight Control

Alternatives for Organizing a Business
Forms of Private Ownership
Legal Structures to Meet Changing Needs
  • Financial Situation
  • Management Skills and Limitations
  • Management Styles and Capabilities
  • Exposure to Liability

Types of Corporations
  • Domestic, foreign, alien
  • S Corporation
  • Limited Liability Companies
  • Employee-Owned Corporations
  • Not-for-Profit Corporations

Public and Collective Ownership
  • Public ownership a unit or agency of government
    owns and operates an organization. Parking
    structures, water systems, turnpike authority.
  • Customer-Owned Businesses collective ownership
    of a production, storage, transportation or
    marketing organization is a cooperative.

Corporate Management
  • Stockholders acquire stocks in exchange for
  • Preferred Stock
  • Common Stock
  • Board of Directors elected by stockholders to
    oversee corporation
  • Corporate Officers Management make major
    corporate decisions and handle ongoing operations

When Businesses Join Forces
  • Mergers and Acquisitions (MA)
  • Merger combination of two or more firms to form
    one company
  • Vertical
  • Horizontal
  • Conglomerate
  • Acquisition procedure in which one firm
    purchases the property and assumes the
    obligations of another
  • Joint Venture partnership between companies for
    a specific purpose