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Clean Coal Technologies in Australia A Brief Overview of Research, Development and Demonstration

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Title: Slide 1 Author: John Created Date: 11/16/2006 2:30:24 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company: IEA GHG Other titles: Arial Times New Roman ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Clean Coal Technologies in Australia A Brief Overview of Research, Development and Demonstration


1
Clean Coal Technologies in AustraliaA Brief
Overview of Research, Development and
Demonstration
  • John Carras
  • Chairman Australian Consortium of the IEA GHG
    Programme
  • Technical Forum, 16 October 2007, Daejeon Korea

2
Australias Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • Australia emitted 559 M tonnes CO2 equiv. (2005)
  • Australia has not signed the Kyoto Protocol but
    has committed to the Kyoto target of a 108
    increase over 1990 emissions (to 2012)
    currently on track
  • Australias greenhouse gas intensity (per capita)
    at 27 tonnes CO2 equiv. per capita is among
    the highest in the world
  • Australias greenhouse gas intensity (per of
    GDP) is 0.7 kg CO2

3
Importance of Coal to Australia
  • Black coal is Australias largest commodity
    export and is worth 25 billion (AUD) per annum
  • Australia is the worlds largest exporter of coal
  • Electricity generation accounts for 35 of
    Australias net GHG emissions
  • Australias electricity derives mainly from coal
    (57 black coal, 30 brown coal)

4
Australian Research Organisations in CCT
  • Cooperative Research Centre for Coal in
    Sustainable Development (CCSD)
  • Centre for Low Emission Technologies (cLET)
  • Cooperative Research Centre for Greenhouse Gas
    Technologies (CO2CRC)
  • Australian Coal Association Research Program
    (ACARP)
  • Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research
    Organisation (CSIRO)
  • All above organisations are members of the
    Australian Consortium of the IEA GHG Programme
  • Until 2006 there was also a CRC for Clean Power
    from Lignite

5
CRC for Coal in Sustainable Development (CCSD)
  • CCSD aims to optimise the contribution of coal to
    a sustainable future
  • CCSD focuses on the three dimensions of
    sustainability
  • Research Programs
  • Economic, social and environmental assessment
  • Current power generation
  • Transitional power generation
  • Future scenarios and technologies
  • Ironmaking
  • By products and waste
  • Research Programs deliver outcomes that
  • Inform Strategic Decisions
  • Improve Environmental Performance
  • Understand Coal Performance in Technology
  • www.ccsd.biz

6
Centre for Low Emissions Technology (cLET)
  • develop cost effective new clean coal
    technologies that, when combined with CO2 capture
    and storage, will dramatically reduce emissions
  • Research Program Areas
  • Gasification and core facility
  • Gas cleaning
  • Gas processing
  • Gas separation
  • Social and economic integration
  • Partners
  • Queensland Government
  • CSIRO
  • Australian Coal Association Research Program
  • Stanwell Corporation
  • Tarong Energy
  • Unioversity of Queensland

7
Cooperative Research Centre for Greenhouse Gas
Technologies (CO2CRC)
  • CO2CRC focuses on carbon dioxide capture and
    geological storage
  • Research Programs
  • Storing CO2
  • develop and deploy technologies that can achieve
    significant cuts in storage and/or usage costs
  • Capturing C02
  • develop and deploy technologies that can achieve
    significant cuts (75-80) in capture cost.
  • Demonstration Program and Regional CO2 Strategies
  • demonstrate through pilot projects that
    geosequestration or carbon capture and storage
    (CCS) is a viable option for CO2 mitigation under
    Australian conditions
  • www.CO2CRC.com.au

8
Australian Coal Association Research Program
(ACARP)
  • To research develop and demonstrate technologies
    that lead to safe sustainable production and
    utilisation of coal
  • Broad research areas
  • Underground
  • Open cut
  • Coal preparation
  • Technical market support
  • Greenhouse gas mitigation
  • Mining and the community
  • Coal producers pay 5 cents per tonne to fund
    ACARP
  • www.acarp.com.au

9
CSIRO
  • Australias largest research organisation
  • Portfolio of energy related research including
  • Fossil fuels (coal, oil, gas, CCT)
  • Renewables (solar, wind, biofuels)
  • Energy storage (batteries, supercapacitors)
  • Distributed energy
  • Energy modelling
  • Greenhouse gas mitigation
  • www.csiro.au

10
Clean Coal Technology Pilot and Demonstration
Projects
  • IDGCC (HRL)
  • Monash Energy -Gasification/ GtL/ CSS
  • Stanwell IGCC/ CSS - ZeroGen Project
  • CS Energy Oxyfuel Project
  • International Power - Lignite Power
    Repowering, Drying and Capture
  • Gorgon
  • Zero Carbon - Fairview
  • CO2CRC Otway Basin Project
  • Kwinana Project
  • Latrobe Valley PCC Project
  • Moombah Carbon Storage
  • APP - Post Combustion Capture Project
  • APP - Enhanced Coal Bed Methane Project

11
IDGCC Technology - HRL
  • Wet brown coal drying, gasification and power
    generation
  • Proven at 10MW scale with power sent to grid
  • Planned 400MW demonstration project in Latrobe
    Valley (Vic)
  • 30 lower CO2
  • 50 lower water use
  • compared with current best Latrobe Valley plant

12
Monash Energy
  • Project
  • Latrobe Valley (Victoria) Brown Coal
  • Advanced coal drying
  • Gasification
  • Gas to Liquids
  • Carbon capture and storage
  • Status
  • Currently undergoing design specification
  • Partners
  • Anglo Coal Shell

13
ZeroGen Clean Coal Demonstration Project Overview
  • Zero Gen will investigate the viability of
    integrating coal based gasification and CCS to
    produce low emission baseload electricity.
  • ZeroGen involves Integrated Gasification Combined
    Cycle (IGCC) and Carbon Capture and Storage
    (CCS).
  • 60-80 MW gasifier storing approximately 320,00
    tonnes CO2 per annum in saline reservoir
  • The ZeroGen Demonstration Project
  • Stanwell Corporation Limited (Stanwell)
  • Queensland Government
  • Shell

14
CS Energy - Callide Oxyfuel Project
  • The Callide Oxyfuel Project is a retrofit to a 30
    MWe coal-fired Unit in Central Queensland.
  • Partners include CS Energy, Xstrata Coal,
    Australian Coal Association, IHI, Jcoal, JPower,
    Schlumberger, CCSD, CO2CRC, Commonwealth Gov
    (LETDF)
  • The Project scope includes oxygen production (660
    tpd), boiler refurbishment and oxy-fule retrofit
    (30 Mwe unit), CO2 compression and
    purification(100tpd), road transport and
    geological storage (50 to 75 tpd liquid CO2)
  • Will operate for 5 years from late 2009.
  • Project funding has been secured, and current
    work is focused on detailed engineering design
    and the development of project agreements.

15
  • Lignite Power Plant Repowering, Drying and
    Capture (International Power)
  • A 369 million total project costs (A 80 million
    Govt funds)
  • International Power
  • Alstom (EPC contractor and combustion technology
    provider)
  • RWE (Coal drying technology provider)
  • Process Group (EPC contractor for CO2 capture
    plant)
  • CO2CRC (Technology support for CO2 capture plant)
  • 200 MW boiler retrofit in Latrobe Valley (1/8 of
    plant)
  • Demonstrating
  • RWE steam fluidised bed drying for 60 moisture
    lignite
  • 100 firing of dried coal
  • 25 tpd CO2 post combustion capture

16
Gorgon Project
  • Development of Greater Gorgon gas fields
  • Two 5 million tonne per annum LNG trains
  • CO2 separation from gas stream
  • GHG management via injection of carbon dioxide
    into saline formations beneath Barrow Island
  • 40year lifetime, 3million tonne per annum CO2
  • Joint Venture Chevron, ExxonMobil, Shell

17
Zero Carbon Power from Coal Seams- Fairview
  • 100MW power station fuelled by coal seam methane
    from ECBM
  • Capture and store 1/3 of carbon dioxide emissions
    per annum or 100,000 tpa.
  • Project will demonstrate use of coal seams as a
    source of fuel for power generation
  • Seams at 600m -1000m
  • 10 year demonstration period
  • Proponent is Fairview Power Pty Limited a wholly
    owned subsidiary of Santos Limited

18
Otway Basin Pilot Project CO2CRC
  • Project
  • Most advanced project in Australia
  • Injection, storage, monitoring and verification
    of 100,000 t CO2 injected under Australian
    conditions
  • Project being led by CO2CRC
  • Progress
  • Injection planned for late 2007
  • Storage of the CO2-rich gas in the Waarre C
    Formation at 2100m deep.
  • Monitoring of the CO2 migrating plume using a
    wide range of technologies.

19
Kwinana Project
  • Kwinana hydrogen power project
  • Gasification of sub-bituminous coal
  • Gas separation with hydrogen providing 500MWe
  • 4 Million tonne of CO2 per year to be captured,
    compressed transported and injected 2km below the
    surface into a saline formation
  • Hydrogen Energy (BP and Rio Tinto)

20
Latrobe Valley Post Combustion Capture Project
  • Focus is on the reduction of emissions from brown
    coal power stations
  • Demonstrate carbon dioxide capture at operating
    power stations
  • Project participants Victorian Government,
    CO2CRC, Loy Yang Power, International Power,
    CSIRO

21
Moomba Carbon Storage Project
  • Almost I billion tonnes of CO2 can be stored,
    overall
  • 20 million tonnes CO2 per year to be injected
  • Stage 1 Demonstration program
  • Enhanced hydrocarbon recovery process
  • CO2 captured, transported and injected
  • 1 million tonne CO2 per year injected
  • Start in 2010
  • Proof of concept of large scale storage
  • Subsequent stages will collect CO2 from east
    coast generators

22
  • Asia Pacific Partnership for Clean
    Development and Climate (APP)
  • Post Combustion Capture(PCC)
  • Laboratory research and evaluation for sorbents
    and membrane development, and energy integration
  • Pilot plant research and development Australia
    and China (Mobile Pilot Plant)
  • Project coordinator CSIRO

23
APP - ECBM
  • ECBM field trials in Australia and China
  • RD Project
  • Aim is to develop technologies to overcome coal
    swelling with CO2 adsorption
  • Project Coordinators - CSIRO and JCOAL (Japan)
  • Project to begin in early 2008

24
Summary
  • There are a number of significant CCT projects
    scheduled in Australia and beginning over the
    next 5 years
  • These projects will provide invaluable learnings
    in CCT and will highlight potential scale up
    issues
  • Projects, in many cases, are partnerships between
    industry, government and researchers

25
Thank You
  • John Carras
  • Chairman Australian Consortium of the IE GHG
    Programme
  • john.carras_at_csiro.au
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