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Cultural Landmarks of the Middle East

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Title: The Middle East Cradle of Culture and Center of Conflict Author: test Last modified by: Tratnack Created Date: 12/3/2004 2:20:14 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cultural Landmarks of the Middle East


1
Cultural Landmarks of the Middle East
2
As a student of history, I also know
civilization's debt to Islam.  It was
Islam...that carried the light of learning
through so many centuries, paving the way for
Europe's Renaissance and Enlightenment.  It was
innovation in Muslim communities that developed
the order of algebra our magnetic compass and
tools of navigation our mastery of pens and
printing our understanding of how disease
spreads and how it can be healed.  Islamic
culture has given us majestic arches and soaring
spires timeless poetry and cherished music
elegant calligraphy and places of peaceful
contemplation.  President Barak Obama June
4, 2009
3
Mosques with minarets Located throughout western
Asia and north Africa.
4
A mosque is a Muslim temple of worship. A minaret
is a tall spire from which a mullah calls the
faithful to prayer.
5
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7
Church of the Holy Sepulcher, Jerusalem. Site of
the crucifixion and burial of Jesus.
8
Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem Holy Islamic site
where Mohammed journeyed into heaven to receive
wisdom.
9
Inside the Dome of the Rock Mosque.
10
Muslims believe that Mohammad ascended to heaven
from the rock with the Angel Gabriel.
11
Jews believe that the same rock was the stone
upon which according to the Bible -- Isaac was
bound when God tested Abraham.
12
The Western Wall, Jerusalem Remains of the
Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem. Jewish holy site.
13
The Western Wall, Jerusalem
Jews praying in front of the Western Wall.
14
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15
The Hagia Sofia, Istanbul, Turkey A huge
cathedral. Later used as a mosque. Now a museum.
16
The Hagia Sofia, Istanbul, Turkey Pronounced
Hi ya Sofia.
17
Hagia Sofia means Holy Wisdom.
18
The Hagia Sofia, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Construction began in A.D. 532.
  • It was the largest cathedral in the world until
    A.D. 1520.
  • Famous for its massive dome.

19
Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem. Possible site
of the birth of Jesus.
20
Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem. Possible site
of the birth of Jesus.
21
Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem. Possible site
of the birth of Jesus.
22
Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem. Possible site
of the birth of Jesus.
23
The Kaaba, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • A sacred stone building located in the Main
    Mosque in Mecca.
  • It is the holiest site in Islam.

It's a BUILDING!
24
The Kaaba, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
A temple that according to the Koran was
built by Abraham and his son Ishmael as place for
monotheistic worship.
25
The Kaaba, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
26
Inside the Kaaba,
27
The Kaaba, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
When Mohammad conquered Mecca he destroyed idols
near the Kaaba and then entered the building and
ordered all pictures to be destroyed.
28
The Kaaba, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • Muslims face toward Mecca and the Kaaba when
    they pray.

29
The Kaaba, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
30
The Kaaba, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
31
The Kaaba, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
32
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33
Pyramids in Egypt Tombs/monuments for the
Pharaohs.
34
Pyramids in Egypt
  • Construction of pyramids in Egypt began about
    2,630 B.C.
  • There are over 200.
  • The Great Pyramid in Giza is 478 feet tall. It
    was the tallest man-made structure in the world
    for over 3,200 years.
  • All Egyptian pyramids were built on the west
    bank of the Nile River. Ancient Egyptians
    associated the setting sun with the realm of the
    dead.

35
Pyramids in Egypt Tombs/monuments for the
Pharaohs.
36
Bazaars (suqs) Large markets, often with hundreds
of vendors. Located throughout the Arab world.
37
Bazaars (suqs)
The Grand Bazaar, Istanbul, Turkey
38
Bazaars (suqs)
The suq in Aleppo, Syria
39
Bazaars (suqs)
An open-air suq in Morocco. Suqs are a
traditional market in SW Asia and North Africa.
40
Oil rigs
  • Oil rigs can be found throughout the Middle
    East.
  • Oil is the most abundant and valuable resource
    in the region.

41
Oil rigs
42
Oil rigs
Saudi money pictures an oil rig.
43
Used by Muslims to kneel and face Mecca when they
pray five times a day.
Prayer rugs
44
Prayer rugs
There is no God but Allah and Mohammad is His
Prophet.
45
Prayer rugs
46
Islamic Calligraphy The art of writing.
47
Islamic Calligraphy The art of
writing. Calligraphy was the primary means for
preserving the Koran.
A page from a 12th Century Koran.
48
Islamic Calligraphy A mother of pearl plaque.
49
Islamic Calligraphy
50
Examples of Religious themed diverse art.
51
Stained Glass King David-Jerusalem.
52
A Byzantine mosaic (the art of decoration with
small pieces of colored glass, stone or other
material) -Istanbul Turkey.
53
Muslim architecture is detailed and symmetrical
(everything is balanced)
54
  • Language Arab world Arabic largest of the
    Semitic languages in this area.
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