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Islamic Fundamentalism

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Islamic Fundamentalism Beliefs and Practices; Social Movements and Groups Islam is not equal to Islamic Fundamentalism DO NOT CONFUSE THE TWO! – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Islamic Fundamentalism


1
Islamic Fundamentalism
  • Beliefs and Practices Social Movements and Groups

2
Islamis not equal toIslamic Fundamentalism
  • DO NOT CONFUSE THE TWO!

3
Islamic Fundamentalism Beliefs
  • An Islamic state should be a unified Islamic
    society, not split into differing schools of
    thought (law or theology) or sects, each with
    its own special emphasis.
  • The true Islamic state should be led by a leader
    who represents the state to the rest of the
    world, and is called to be leader in the
    tradition of the early Islamic caliphs.
  • The Koran, the traditions handed down from
    Muhammed, (Arabic sunna) and Islamic law,
    (sharia) should be the legal basis for state and
    society.
  • They must, however, be interpreted anew by
    Islamic scholars, so as to be appropriate to
    modern times.
  • Islam must be a fixed element in all areas of
    life.
  • Life, in its entirety, in state and society, must
    receive its legitimacy from Islam.
  • Islam must, therefore, stamp its mark clearly on
    the social, economic and political life of
    Muslims.
  • Some fundamentalists reject all reform and
    modernising as Un-Islamic.
  • Islam, as generally lived nowadays, is seen as a
    compromise with the unbelieving world.
  • The lack of unity among Islamic law scholars is
    critiscised. Most current Islamic statesmen are
    accused of compromise and corruption.

4
Islamic Fundamentalism Beliefs
  • The world is divided into two spheres, Dar
    al-Islam and Dar al-HarbJihad is waged to
    remove the obstacles to the religion of God
  • Jihad is a religious war with those who are
    unbelievers in the mission of the Prophet
    Muhammad the Prophet.
  • A literal approach to the interpretation of the
    Quran---AKA Muslim Fundamentalists
  • Believe that Islam has been corrupted by the
    modern world
  • Want to return to the way people practiced Islam
    in a more pure time
  • No separation between religious and secular
    authoritythe state should implement Shariah law
  • Innovation is to be avoided
  • Belief in revolution to affect social change
  • Education of women should be banned---restricted
    roles for women
  • The use of modern technology within the Islamic
    state should be banned or censored----radio, tv,
    internet, etc..

5
Appeal of Islamic Fundamentalism Why?
  • Muslim fundamentalists, filled with idealistic
    zeal, are committed to the establishing of a
    state which is influenced only by Islam.
  • They are prepared for great sacrifice even
    their own lives to work for this goal.
  • Their life perspective is to assist in the
    building of an Islamic state.
  • Their aversion to all things western, and non
    Islamic society, is expressed by clothing which
    emphasizes an Islamic identity, as well as strict
    adherence to an Islamic moral code.
  • The strength and attraction of fundamentalist
    groups lies in their ability to give a
    perspective and hope to people otherwise trapped
    in difficult living circumstances.
  • They are able to give individual people an
    identity, and new sense of self respect.
  • It has to be asked, however, whether the
    idealistic programmes which these groups intend
    to cayry out can really stand the reality test,
    and whether economic and social problems (poor
    education, unemployment, underdevelopment and
    over-population) can really be solved by a strict
    observance of Islam.

6
Appeal of Islamic Fundamentalism Why?
  • Many fundamentalists have very high moral and
    ethical goals, and wish to improve the lot of
    individuals in their personal sphere.
  • Some of the social welfare projects which
    fundamentalist groups have set up are exemplary,
    such asorphans and widows pensions, the
    building of hospitals and schools etc..
  • Tragically, there are people who believe they are
    following Muhammeds example by inflicting terror
    and violence on innocent people, and imagine that
    this can somehow bring about peace.

7
Islamic Fundamentalism Achieve Goals By Doing The
Following
  • Combine religion and government create more
    Islamic states
  • Use Sharia Law for whole society
  • Limit the effects of modernization
  • Force non-fundamentalist Muslims and others to
    obey, even using violence
  • Womens rights are virtually non-existent
  • Unfair justice system
  • Punishments are cruel
  • Severely repressed by the governments of their
    own nations, such as Algeria, Egypt, and Saudi
    Arabia, they nevertheless target the United
    States as the Great Satan, chant Death to
    America, and provide ready recruits for
    terrorist networks such as Al Qaeda.

8
Islamic Fundamentalism Types and History
  • Three Types of Modern Islamic Theory
  • The Madhhabists Adherents to specific schools of
    law
  • The Salafi Quranic literalists
  • The Ghulat Extremists (or cultists)
  • Types of Movements
  • Islamists History
  • Post Ottoman Period
  • Jamal ad-din al-Afghani (1837-97) Called for a
    return to the original principles and ideals of
    Islam and for greater unity among Islamic peoples
  • Muhammad Abduh (1849-1905) Islami apologist who
    taught that morality and law must be adapted to
    modern conditions in the interest of the common
    good.
  • Rashid Rida (1865-1935) Highlighted the relative
    weakness of Muslim societies vis-à-vis Western
    colonialism
  • The Deobandi Movement
  • Dar al Alum University in Deoband, India
  • Adhered to Hanafi School of jurisprudence
  • Social conservatism

9
History and Beliefs of Islamic Fundamentalism
  • Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi
  • Advocated the creation of an Islamic state
    governed by sharia law, as interpreted by Shura
    councils.
  • An integration of Islam with an ethical
    scientific view.
  • The Muslim Brotherhood
  • Founded by Hassan al Banna in 1928
  • The Quran as Constitution
  • Provided basic community services including
    schools, mosques, and workshops
  • The need to eliminate all non-Muslim imperialism
    from the world
  • Sayyid Qutb
  • The Iranian Revolution
  • Lebanon and Hezbollah

10
Flaws in the Islamic fundamentalist argument
  • There was no purer time
  • The past they wish to return to is not the way
    they think it was
  • It violates rights of modern Muslims
    non-Muslims
  • It leads to extremist acts (like terrorism) that
    violate the principles of peace inherent in Islam
  • Fundamentalist leaders rely on modern technology
    (the internet, cars, planes, bombs, etc)

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