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The Romantic Period

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Title: The Romantic Period Author: McCarter Last modified by: Kimberly Mccarter Created Date: 3/12/2003 4:17:01 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Romantic Period


1
The Romantic Period
  • Rebellion Against Reason

2
In the beginning
  • 1798
  • Coleridge and Wordsworth sold poems to go to
    Germany

3
Lyrical Ballads
  • The Rime of the Ancient Mariner (684)
  • Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey
    (658)

4
Alternate Timeline
  • 1789 French Revolution
  • 1832 Parliamentary reforms political
    foundation for modern Britain

5
Six Major Poets
  • 1st Generation William Blake, William
    Wordsworth, and Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  • 2nd Generation Percy Bysshe Shelley, John Keats,
    and George Gordon, Lord Byron all dead by 1825

6
In England
  • Conservatives feared spread of French
    Revolution
  • Democratic idealists and liberals were
    exhilarated (Wordsworth, et al.)

7
France deteriorates
  • 1792 September massacre disillusions English
    idealists
  • 1804 Napoleon becomes dictator worse than
    original king

8
England Responds
  • Government becomes even more conservative and
    suspicious
  • 1805 begins long war with Napoleon
  • 1815 England and allies send Napoleon packing

9
Industrial Revolution
  • From hand-made to factory production
  • City populations explode
  • Appalling housing conditions
  • Common land now privately owned
  • Working conditions at worst

10
Laissez-Faire
  • Free to do
  • Economic philosophy
  • The Rich got richer the Poor got poorer

11
Romantic Response
  • Turn away from Englands resistance to social and
    political change and synonymous literary forms
    (formal, public verse)
  • Create spontaneous, lyric poetry based on emotion
    and imagination expression of private feelings

12
Reality Bites
  • Use your imagination..

13
Romantic
  • Beyond refinements of neoclassical
  • More genuine
  • Psychological and mysterious
  • Fascination with youth innocence growing up to
    trust emotions, will, and identity
  • Stronger awareness of change/adaptability
  • Cycle in development of society idealism
    (question tradition/authority for the better)

14
Gothic Literature
  • Extreme Romanticism
  • Expressed helplessness about forces beyond
    control revolution, industrialization
  • Mary Shelley, Frankenstein (wife of Percy Bysshe
    Shelley)

15
Romantic Poetry
  • Wordsworth, the spontaneous overflow of powerful
    feelings
  • NOT artful craft and satire
  • Simple, unadorned language
  • Country NOT city
  • Prize beauty and majesty of nature
  • Emotion/passion NOT reason

16
Romantic Poet
  • Wordsworth, a man speaking to men
  • Bard, inspired revealer, and teacher

17
Romantic Reader
  • Must imagine the speaker and the situation
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