Industrial Area Planning and Management: Status, Needs and Challenges in India - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Industrial Area Planning and Management: Status, Needs and Challenges in India PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 58bd48-YjZjM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Industrial Area Planning and Management: Status, Needs and Challenges in India

Description:

July 6, 2009 International Conference on Eco-Industrial Parks HICC, HITEX, Hyderabad Industrial Area Planning and Management: Status, Needs and Challenges in India – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:349
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 30
Provided by: plan105
Learn more at: http://www.hrdp-net.in
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Industrial Area Planning and Management: Status, Needs and Challenges in India


1
July 6, 2009
International Conference on Eco-Industrial
Parks HICC, HITEX, Hyderabad
Industrial Area Planning and Management Status,
Needs and Challenges in India  
Presented by Ashwani Kumar Utpal Sharma Anil
Kumar Roy
Faculty of Planning and Public Policy CEPT,
Ahmedabad www.cept.ac.in ashwani_at_cept.ac.in
2
CEPT, AHMEDABAD
3
Indian Industrial Sector Paradigm Shift
  • Economic, Environmental and Social priorities
  • 1948 and 1956 Industrial Policy Resolution
  • 1951 Industries (Development and Regulation)
    Act
  • 1977 1980 Statement of Industrial Policy
  • 1991 New Industrial Policy (NIP)

Policy instruments FDI globalized regime Tax
holidays Industrial packages Industries
corridors Export-import policies.
Nature Typology Scale Raw material Employment
Technology
4
Perspective of Five Year Plan on Industrial Development in India Perspective of Five Year Plan on Industrial Development in India
1st Backward Area and Balanced Development of Industries
2nd Basic/Heavy Industries and labour intensive
3rd Balanced Regional Development and license policy nuclei growth centers
4th Further incentive of Industrial dispersal into rural areas
5th Strengthening of machinery for integrated approach supported with studies
6th (On wards) Clusters and backward area incentives, Exports promotion, tax benefits, Technology upgrdation, production efficiency
11th Fiscal Incentives, Economic Zones, Infrastructure, logistics, Private participation
5
Typology of Industrialization
  • Industrial clusters, growth centers
  • Foot loose Large, medium and Small industries
  • Industrial Estates/Areas
  • Free Trade Zones/ Export Processing Zones (EPZs),
    EPIP
  • Industries Townships/Development Authorities
  • Software Technology Parks/Electronic Hardware
    Technology Parks, IT and ITES
  • Special Economic Zones, Special Investment
    Regions
  • Dedicated industrial/freight corridors

6
Industrial Estate Development Objectives
  • The objectives of promoting the Industrial
    Estates were
  • To create essential factory sheds or land for
    setting of industries units in orderly and
    organized manner.
  • Provide the basic facilities in these centers i.e
    power, lighting, banking, telecommunications,
    shopping , social facilities etc.
  • To stimulate the industrialization in backward
    and tribal areas
  • To develop the Small Scale Industries
  • Approach adopted?
  • Reservation of Items for SSI units
  • Financial Assistance in form of capital risk,
    long term and medium term loans, sort term
    working capital by State Financial institutions
  • Tax benefits, subsidized infrastructure
    facilities, etc.

7
Structure
  • Large and medium
  • More than 200,000 Factories
  • A work force of 14 million workers, and 4 million
    technical personnel
  • Manufacturing currently represents 24 of gross
    domestic product
  • SSI/Cottage
  • Grown from 80,000 units in the late 1940s more
    than 3.3 million SSI (2004-05) working units with
    18 millions employees and with more than 2
    million cottage industries
  • SSI sector alone contributes 7 to Indias GDP.

Performance of Small Scale Sector 
Year No. of units (million nos.) Production (Billion Rs. ) Employment (Million nos.) Exports (Billion Rs.))
1993-94 2.38 2416.48 13.93 253.07
1994-95 2.57 2988.86 14.65 290.68
1995-96 2.65 3626.56 15.26 364.70
1996-97 2.80 4118.58 16.00 392.70
1997-98 2.94 4626.41 16.72 444.42
1998-99 3.08 5206.50 17.15 489.79
1999-00 3.21 5728.87 17.85 542.00
2000-01 3.37 6454.96 18.56 599.78
(at current prices) (Ref 2004-05 Annual Report
of SSI Ministry)
8
EoUs in SEZs
  • 439 SEZs formally approved and more than 200
    notified
  • Total land area involved in approved SEZ is 60168
    hectares
  • Areas with State Industrial Development
    Corporations in 97 approved SEZs 20,000 hectares
  • Most of Notified SEZs are of IT/ITES nature
  • Total Export (2007-08) from EoU (in and outside
    SEZs) was Rs. 766.15 billion

9
Problems of Industrial Estates (IE)?
  • Lack of Planning
  • IE are usually located in areas which are not
    having any protection to natural water
    environment
  • Sensitive receiving Environment
  • Natural water is precious commodity for the human
    consumption in the rural areas, which got
    effected due to pollution
  • Necessitate regulation/minimization of pollution
  • Enforced regulation
  • Logistics Support
  • Inter and Intra country transport, Warehousing,
    Systems
  • Landuse control/ Land Management
  • Zonation, Availability of suitable land
  • Siting
  • Lack of adequate infrastructure
  • Environmental protection measures
  • Logistic support
  • Landuse Control and Land Management

10
Genesis of Environmental Issues in SSIs
  • Due to the policies initiated, the IE dominated
    by the SSI and lead areas lead to environmental
    pollution, hazards and risk
  • Inadequate technological understating
  • (high waste generation and lax attitude towards
    treatment)
  • Lack of space for implementation of pollution
    control measure
  • Ineffective process supervision and management
  • Lack of consultative mechanism
  • Non-availability of Treatment technologies for
    SSI
  • Affordability
  • In-effective regulation due to overstressed
    regulatory machinery and undesirable political
    interference etc

11
Hotspots in India Water
Source CSE Report based on CPCB Norms
12
Prevailing Environmental conditions in
Industrials Estates
Soil Contaminated, degraded, eroded and devoid of life form
Flora and Fauna Lost Biodiversity, un-protected, development driven degradation
Water Bodies Polluted lakes/rivers/canals, drying -up due to lack of water availability choking with solid waste, loss of natural drainages
Industries Mixed within residential areas, poor working conditions, inadequate space for environmental infrastructure, in-efficient use of resources, disposal of waste
Water In-adequate drinking water, polluted ground water
Air Polluted from Industrial, Vehicular and commercial emissions, Noise
Roads Inadequate and narrow, congested, poor quality, encroached , parking
Waste water huge quantity, inadequate collection, partial treatment, disposal in natural water-bodies
Solid waste Rapidly increasing quantity, inadequate collection, insanitary plots, no treatment, insanitary disposal

13
IEP Components
Industrial Estate Planning (IEP) A sustainable
development step
  • Identification and delineation of suitable IE
    sites
  • landuse sensitivity, pollution potential,
    environmental sensitivity, land potential)
  • Generation of a suitable industrial development
    format
  • (nature, scale/size, type)
  • Social and environmental impact assessment and
    management
  • (risks prediction, spatial influence)
  • Infrastructure Master Plan
  • physical, logistical, environmental and social
  • Landuse Zonation plan
  • development zone, buffer zone, infrastructure
    corridors
  • Development (Landuse) controls regulations and
  • Information, Communication and Telecommunication
    plan

14
Major Challenges
  • Lack of advocacy for planned industrial
    development
  • Low capacity for physical infrastructure
    planning, development and management at par with
    international standards
  • Acute crunch of trained human resources
  • Non-supportive policy regime
  • Inadequate facilities, allied amenities in the
    Industrial areas and
  • Lack of capacity of the industrial developers

15
Tools and Techniques for IEP
16
CYBERABAD DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
EXISTING SITE CONDITIONS
17
CYBERABAD PROPOSED STRUCTURE PLAN
18
CYBERABAD PROPOSED FSI VARIATIONS
FSI GR. FLOORS BLDG HTS. X
COV. () WITH
OUT PARKING
1.0 30-50 2-3 6-9 M 1.25 30-40
3-5 9-15 M 1.5 25-30 4-6 12-18
M 1.75 20-30 6-9 18-27 M 3.0 20-30
10-15 30-45 M 3.5 15-25 14-24 42-72
M 4.0 18-25 16-40 48-120 M
19
DRAFT MASTER PLAN OF HAZIRA
Landuse Total Hazira Region (ha) Total
Industrial 1616.93 9.64
Residential 2991.44 17.83
Commercial 49.13 0.29
Roads 567.28 3.38
Railway 204.54 1.22
Transportation Hub 404.77 2.41
Amenities 477.39 2.84
Green Open Space 2898.12 17.27
Settlement 38.62 0.23
Waterbody 121.65 0.72
River 84.09 0.50
Forest 90.04 0.54
Existing Industries (outside HNA) 70.32 0.42
River bet 2051.93 12.23
Total Proposed Area 11666.24 69.52
HNA 3491.22 20.80
Tena Creek 379.96 2.26
River Tapi 1244.32 7.41
Total Master Plan Area 16781.74 100.00
20
VAGRA- DAHEJ SUB REGIONAL PLAN GUJARAT
ENVIRONMENTAL ACTION PLAN
For Urban Development and Urban
Housing Department, Govt. of Gujarat Year 2000
For Gujarat Ecology Commission
(GEC), Vadodara Year 1997
21
Spatial Planning ?
Planned and Regulated Development
FOREST
WATERBODIES
LAND RISK ANALYSIS
SLOPE
22
Land Use Pattern in the Growth Centre Region
Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh
23
Land Use Pattern in the Growth Centre Region
Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh
24
Information Management
  • SOURCE INFORMATION
    INFORMATION INFORMATION
  • OF INFORMATION COLLECTION
    PROCESSING USERS
  • SYSTEM
    SYSTEM

Policy planning group
Promoting agency
Estate promoter
Data processing
Pollution control board
Data bank
Pollution control devices
Consent application forms
questionnaire
Reconnaissance survey
Legislative action
Industry
Wet inventory
Industries of estate
25
Centre for Industrial Areas Planning and
Management at CEPT
  • Aimed to focus on capacity building of human
    resource involved in designing/planning,
    development management of large scale
    industrial development
  • Research and Development
  • Education
  • Training
  • Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Technical support
  • Documentation and Dissemination of information
  • Development Partnership/Networking
  • In the context of globalization, pursuance of
    this mission would mean adoption of innovative,
    flexible and transparent approaches,
    methodologies/delivery mechanisms that keep pace
    with rapidly changing environment.

26
Academic (Masters Programme) / course curriculum
1st YEAR 1st SEMESTER 1st YEAR 1st SEMESTER 1st YEAR 1st SEMESTER 1st YEAR 2nd SEMESTER 1st YEAR 2nd SEMESTER 1st YEAR 2nd SEMESTER
Foundation Semester Foundation Semester Foundation Semester Technical Semester Technical Semester Technical Semester
No. Course Title No. Course Title
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Industrial Development Social and Economical Implications Land Use Planning Statistics and Research Methodology Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System Strategic Planning for Industrial Development Studio Industrial Area Planning 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 Industrial Infrastructure Planning and Design Industrial Law, Policies and Regulations Land Management and Economics Energy Planning and Management Industrialization in Global Context Elective A. Industrial Ecology B. Industrial Risk and Hazard Studio Industrial Infrastructure Planning Facility Management

27
Academic programme / course curriculum
2nd YEAR 3rd SEMESTER 2nd YEAR 3rd SEMESTER 2nd YEAR 3rd SEMESTER 2nd YEAR 4th SEMESTER 2nd YEAR 4th SEMESTER 2nd YEAR 4th SEMESTER
Specialization Semester Specialization Semester Specialization Semester Rsearch Semester Rsearch Semester Rsearch Semester
No. Course Title No. Course Title
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Environmental Assessment and Regulations Industrial Plan Implementation Strategies Development Appraisal and Finance Regional Development and Resource Planning Elective A. Environmental Infrastructure and Services B. Real Estate Studio Industrial Risk Assessment and Management 4.1 4.2 Management Practices Research Thesis

28
What should be done?
  • Long terms vision creation for land management
  • Synchronisation of Policies
  • Human resource, knowledge base government-industry
    -academia interface
  • Intuitional strengthening, capacity building
  • project planning, infrastructure design
    development, project implementation
  • Facilitation AND Industrial Area Services
    Agencies
  • Resource Mobilization financial management and
    economic analysis

29
Thank You !
Wish you and your dear ones A safe, pollution
free happy and joyful life
Ashwani Kumar CENTRE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING
TECHNOLOGY KASTURBHAI LALBHAI
CAMPUS University Road, Navrangpura,
Ahmedabad 380 009 Phone no. (079) 26302470,
26302740 Email ashwani_iitk03_at_yahoo.co.in,
ashwani_at_cept.ac.in
About PowerShow.com