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What is Physical Education and Why is it Important?

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Title: Team Based Learning Overview Author: Heather E. Erwin Last modified by: CAST Created Date: 7/31/2004 4:49:45 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What is Physical Education and Why is it Important?


1
What is Physical Education and Why is it
Important?
  • Chapter 1

2
Pretest
  1. How many minutes of physical activity should
    children accumulate per day?
  2. What percentage of American children engage in
    the recommended level of physical activity?
  3. What percentage of American children ages 6-11
    are obese?
  4. What percentage of American children ages 6-11
    are overweight?
  5. What are 3 health effects of overweight and
    obesity?
  6. Which racial groups encounter the highest levels
    of overweight and obesity?
  7. How many states require K-12 daily physical
    education?
  8. What percentage of high school students attend
    physical education daily?
  9. How much money do researchers estimate states
    spend per year in medical expenditures related to
    obesity?

3
1How many minutes of physical activity should
children accumulate per day?
  • 60 minutes and up to several hours per day

4
2What percentage of American children engage in
the recommended level of physical activity?
  • 67

5
3 What percentage of American children ages
6-11 are obese?
  • 15.3

6
4 What percentage of American children ages
6-11 are overweight?
  • 30.3

7
5 What are 3 health effects of overweight and
obesity?
  • asthma
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • hypertension
  • orthopedic complications
  • psychosocial effects
  • sleep apnea

8
6Which racial groups encounter the highest
levels of overweight and obesity?
  • African Americans
  • Hispanics

9
7How many states require K-12 daily physical
education?
  • 2 Illinois Massachusetts

10
8What percentage of high school students attend
physical education daily?
  • 25

11
9How much money do researchers estimate states
spend per year in medical expenditures related to
obesity?
  • 147 billion

12
Overweight and Obesity
  • The incidence of overweight has doubled in
    children and tripled in adolescents in the past
    20 years (Action for Healthy Kids, 2006).
  • Among children and teens ages 6 to 19, 16 are
    overweight.
  • Four in 10 Mexican-American and African-American
    youth ages 6 to 19 are overweight or at risk of
    being overweight.
  • Children and adolescents who are overweight by
    the age of 8 are 80 more likely to become
    overweight or obese adults.

(Shape of the Nation, 2006)
13
Obesity Trends
(BMI 30, or 30 lbs. overweight for 5 4
person)
In 1993, 12 states had obesity prevalence rates
between 15 percent and 19 percent, and no states
had rates at or above 20 percent.
14
Obesity Trends
15
Obesity Trends
By 2003, 15 states had obesity prevalence rates
between 15 percent and 19 percent, 31 states had
rates between 20 percent and 24 percent, and four
states had rates at or above 25 percent.
(Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.
Atlanta Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention, 2003 http//www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/
obesity/trend/maps/index.htm)
16
Obesity Trends2006
No Data lt10 1014
1519 2024 2529
30
17
Public Support
  • Nationwide, 95 of parents feel physical
    education should be included in the curriculum
    for all students, K-12.
  • Eighty-five percent of parents and 81 of
    teachers believe should have daily physical
    education at all grade levels.
  • Ninety-two percent of teens feel they should have
    daily physical education.
  • More than 75 of parents and teachers believe
    physical education should not be eliminated.

(Shape of the Nation, 2006)
18
What is physical education?
  • A movement program sponsored by K-12 schools that
    provides a planned sequence of developmentally
    appropriate activities, games, and sports
  • Educates all students about and through movement
  • Designed to develop basic fundamental skills,
    sports skills, and physical fitness to prepare
    children for lifetime participation in physical
    activity

19
Benefits of Physical Education
  • Physical Benefits
  • Aids in development of healthy bones, muscles,
    and joints
  • Improves muscular strength, flexibility, balance,
    and coordination
  • Less susceptible to injury
  • More efficient hearts during exercise and rest

20
Benefits of Physical Education
  • Cognitive Benefits
  • Development of neural networks
  • Blood circulation carries glucose and oxygen to
    the brain
  • Increases mental alertness while decreasing
    fatigue

21
Benefits of Physical Education
  • Affective Benefits
  • Higher self-esteem and decreased levels of stress
    and anxiety
  • Increased socialization

22
Characteristics of a Physically Educated Person
  • Has learned skills necessary to perform a variety
    of physical activities
  • Is physically fit
  • Does participate regularly in physical activity
  • Knows the implications and benefits of
    involvement in physical activities
  • Values physical activity and its contribution to
    a healthful lifestyle

23
Movement Terminology
  • Play movement activities done only by children
    during their free time minimal supervision
  • Games creative or regularized movement
    activities that occur when several children play
    together become more organized as children grow
    older, followed by the development of rules
  • Sports organized games that have established,
    accepted, published rules of play
  • Athletics develops a select group of highly
    skilled individuals officials are utilized
  • Exercise movement engaged in by adults for the
    improvement of or maintenance of physical
    fitness planned, structured, repetitive, and
    purposeful

24
What is physical activity?
  • A bodily movement that is produced by the
    contraction of skeletal systems and that
    substantially increases energy expenditure (U.S.
    Dept. of Health Human Services, 1996)
  • A behavior
  • Contains multiple sub-categories
  • Exercise/training
  • Sport
  • Leisure activities
  • Dance
  • Others

25
What is physical fitness?
  • A set of attributes that people have or achieve
    relating to their ability to perform physical
    activity (U.S. Dept. of Health Human Services,
    1996)
  • A trait
  • Contains five components
  • Body composition
  • Cardiovascular fitness
  • Flexibility
  • Muscular endurance
  • Muscular strength

26
Relationships Between Physical Activity and
Physical Fitness
27
Effective Teaching
  • Create a positive learning environment
  • Be a good communicator
  • Be a knowledgeable practitioner
  • Provide meaningful feedback
  • Create stimulating tasks
  • Be concerned with student achievement

28
Classroom Teacher
  • Let the PE teacher know what youre doing
  • Pure memorization is out kinesthetic is in
  • Dont forget re-energizers

29
Some things to think about
  • What do you think your role as an elementary
    teacher is in providing physical activity to
    children?
  • How do you think you can influence childrens
    physical activity levels?
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