Nebraska Municipal Power Pool (NMPP) Municipal Energy Agency of Nebraska (MEAN) City of Boulder, Colorado January 27, 2011 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Nebraska Municipal Power Pool (NMPP) Municipal Energy Agency of Nebraska (MEAN) City of Boulder, Colorado January 27, 2011

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Nebraska Municipal Power Pool (NMPP) Municipal Energy Agency of Nebraska (MEAN) City of Boulder, Colorado January 27, 2011 Kevin Gaden Director of Wholesale Electric ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Nebraska Municipal Power Pool (NMPP) Municipal Energy Agency of Nebraska (MEAN) City of Boulder, Colorado January 27, 2011


1
Nebraska Municipal Power Pool (NMPP) Municipal
Energy Agency of Nebraska (MEAN) City of
Boulder, Colorado January 27, 2011
  • Kevin Gaden
  • Director of Wholesale Electric Operations

2
NMPP Energy
  • NMPP Energy is a nonprofit, member-owned
    organization providing electricity, natural gas
    and utility related services to nearly 200 member
    communities across seven Midwestern and mountain
    states. NMPP Energy promotes the benefits of
    joint action and local utility control among its
    member communities. NMPP Energy consists of four
    entities
  • Nebraska Municipal Power Pool (NMPP) Utility-relat
    ed services
  • Municipal Energy Agency of Nebraska
    (MEAN) Wholesale electric supply
  • National Public Gas Agency (NPGA) Wholesale
    natural gas supply
  • Public Alliance for Community Energy (ACE) Retail
    natural gas choice

3
MEAN
  • Formed in 1981 under provisions of the Municipal
    Cooperative Financing Act and is a political
    subdivision of the State of Nebraska
  • Provides wholesale power supply to public
    entities throughout the region via the Electrical
    Resources Pooling Agreement (ERPA)

4
MEANs Primary Mission
  • To provide long-term, reliable and economical
    power supply resources and utility-related
    services to MEAN member communities

5
(No Transcript)
6
Advocacy
  • MEAN membership and active involvement in outside
    organizations
  • American Public Power Association (APPA)
  • Utility Wind Integration Group (UWIG)
  • Western Area Power Administration (WAPA)
  • Colorado Association of Municipal Utilities
    (CAMU)
  • Solar Electric Power Association (SEPA)
  • Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC)
  • Transmission Access Power Study Group (TAPS)
  • Western States Power Corp (WSPC)
  • Rocky Mountain Generation Coop (RMGC) suspended
  • Rocky Mountain Reserve Group (RMRG)
  • Southwest Power Pool (SPP)
  • Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator
    (MISO)
  • State and federal legislation

7
Member Generators
Baseload resources
Future resource (WEC 2)
SOUTH DAKOTA
.
West Side
.
.
East Side
8
BLANK SLIDE
9
MEAN is a leader in Nebraska public power
renewables.
  • Built the first wind farm in Nebraska MEAN Wind
    Project at Kimball (Kimball, NE in 2002)
  • MEAN owns, participates in, and purchases 43.5
    MW nameplate capacity
  • Largest proportion of renewable energy (both in
    terms of system capacity and energy) among all
    Nebraska utilities
  • There are currently no State or Federal mandates
    applicable to MEAN, however
  • Aspen, CO (Service Schedule M Participant) was
    the winner of the 2008 Wind Power Pioneer Award,
    given annually by the US Department of Energy

10
Transmission
  • MEAN is transmission dependent
  • Utilize 8 different transmission systems to serve
    member loads
  • NPPD
  • OPPD
  • Tri-State GT
  • Western - Rocky Mountain Region
  • Western - Salt Lake
  • Xcel Energy Colorado
  • Black Hills Power Light
  • MidAmerican Energy

11
(No Transcript)
12
Macro issues to consider in municipalizing an
electric utility
  • Acquisition issues
  • Costs (state regulated)
  • Service area (state regulated)
  • Finance
  • Bond ratings
  • Official statements
  • Business plans
  • Governance
  • City council
  • City council over Board of Utilities

13
Macro issues to consider in municipalizing an
electric utility
  • Autonomous Board of Utilities
  • How is governing body selected
  • Elected vs. appointed
  • Power Supply
  • There are applications for all types of resources
  • But there are limits
  • Cant store electricity
  • Must produce and deliver simultaneously

14
Operational Issues
  • Power Supply
  • Types of Resources
  • Natural gas
  • Coal
  • Nuclear
  • Renewables
  • Hydro
  • Demand Side Management
  • Types of Power Suppliers
  • Investor owned PSCO
  • Rural cooperative G T TSGT

15
Operational Issues
  • Municipal Joint Action
  • MEAN
  • Platt River
  • Independent Power Suppliers
  • Calpine
  • Southwest Generation
  • Municipal Self Supply
  • Colorado Springs
  • Lincoln, NE Electric System

16
Operational Issues
  • Length of Supply Agreements
  • Short-term (1-5 years)
  • Medium-term (5-20 years)
  • Long-term (20 years or more)
  • Each has pros and cons
  • Distribution System (115kV below)
  • Ring Bus is like expressway
  • System sectionalizing
  • Improve reliability
  • Reduce outage times

17
Operational Issues
  • Distribution substations
  • Loading too high/too low
  • Distribution feeders
  • Overhead vs. underground
  • Service drops to customers
  • Metering
  • Smart metering
  • Changing technologies

18
Operational Issues
  • Transmission Issues (115 kV up)
  • Who will transmission supplier be?
  • Xcel
  • TSGT
  • WAPA
  • Who will maintain equipment
  • Specialized trade
  • Specialized equipment

19
Other Operational Issues
  • Staffing
  • Where will they come from
  • Might need 200 employees
  • Utility management structure
  • Utilities management experienced at what
  • Generation
  • Transmission
  • Distribution
  • Business management
  • All or some of the above
  • Safety
  • How will staff maintain safe system
  • How will you comply with NERC standards
  • Growing issue
  • Mutual aid
  • Who will help in a storm
  • Snow / wind / tornado / ice

20
Finance
  • How will utility cash flow?
  • Bad debts / write-offs
  • Payment lag timing
  • Bond reserves
  • Debt service coverage
  • Bond ratings affect cost of debt
  • Rating agency relationships
  • Asset management

21
Finance
  • Office Operations
  • Metering tied to billing system
  • Implement new billing, business management system
  • Service disconnect policies
  • Customer service obligations
  • Where does utility obligation for infrastructure
    end and then begin for customer
  • Consistent with Xcel?
  • Office and maintenance shop locations
  • Where
  • How many
  • Hours of operations

22
Summary of Issues
  • Operational Issues (safety and reliability)
  • Power Supply
  • Transmission
  • Acquisition Issues
  • Long-term Operational Issues
  • Business Management Issues
  • Finance

23
Summary of Discussion
  • The power business is a very complex business.
  • People depend on you 24/7
  • Most take it for granted until it fails
  • Business is getting more complex
  • Customers
  • Colorado PUC
  • FERC
  • NERC
  • Financial community
  • State laws on carbon

24
Who can help?
  • Initially
  • Consultants CAMU
  • Lawyers
  • Other municipals
  • Specialized contractors
  • Acquisition team
  • Finance experts
  • Power suppliers
  • Trade associations
  • APPA
  • CAMU
  • NMPP Energy

25
  • This is a very significant effort to undertake.
  • Some of your customers will not help.
  • Power suppliers cant do it all.
  • Most supply is bid to meet RFP standards
  • Others will quietly hurt your efforts.

26
  • Questions?
  • Kevin Gaden
  • kgaden_at_nmppenergy.org
  • www.nmppenergy.org
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