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How to Write an Research Paper in Just 3 Hours


Title: How to Write A+ Research Paper in 3 Hours Last modified by: Sinner Julia Created Date: 4/21/2007 2:16:19 AM Document presentation format: (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: How to Write an Research Paper in Just 3 Hours

How to Write an Research Paper
in Just 3 Hours
What is a research paper?
  • A report on your investigation
  • The evidence from literature and experiments
  • An analysis of findings

  • Main parts

Interesting question
Supporting evidence
Critical analysis
  • Title page
  • Acknowledgements
  • Abstract
  • Outline
  • Introduction
  • Literature review
  • Methodology
  • Findings
  • Discussion
  • Limitations
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Appendices

Research methods
  • Quantitative (why? Is there a relation
    between...?) - use numbers and statistics to see
    if something you say about the object is true or
  • (experiments, quasi-experiments, surveys)
  • Qualitative (how? What kind of?) - analyze words
    and images to see what the object is like
  • (interviews, focus groups, observations, case
  • Mixed - combine both approaches to get the full

Research methods in use(examples)
  • Quantitative how many students who believed in
    their success got an A for a math test?
  • Qualitative what do students think is important
    for doing good in math? What are the students
  • Mixed do students beliefs influence their
    grades? What are the students beliefs about
    their math performance?

  • Sampling is the way in which you choose
    participants for your experiments, interviews,
    surveys etc.
  • Probability
  • you carefully search for you
    invite those
  • representatives of different
    participants who are
  • groups of population
  • (time-consuming and costly) (the findings
    can be biased)

How to choose an interesting question
Do I really care?
Isnt it obvious?
  • Your research question should be
  • Up-to-date
  • Interesting
  • Manageable

Is there a gap in literature?
Will I be able to research it?
20 templates for research questions
  • Quantitative research method
  • Is there a (positive/negative) relationship
    between X and Y?
  • Does X influence Y?
  • What is the prevalence of X among the
  • To what extent does X influence Y?
  • Does X affect Y?
  • Does X have effects on Y?
  • Does X have impact on Y?
  • Does X cause Y?
  • Is X the effect of Y?
  • Does X determine Y?

20 templates for research questions (continued)
  • Qualitative research method
  • What is the perception of X in Y population?
  • How does X population describe Y?
  • What are the main characteristics of X, as
    characterized by Y?
  • In what ways is X influenced by Y?
  • What are the most popular means of X?
  • How do the participants perceive their roles in
  • What are the main differences between X and Y?
  • What kind of difficulties might influence X?
  • Are the participants satisfied with X?
  • What are the perceived effects of X on Y?

10 secret strategies for successful research
  • Just Google it! Choose good keywords and read
    what the first Google pages say on your topic.
    Are they from Wikipedia or Yahoo Answers? Dont
    worry these can also be sources of inspiration
    and give a kick start to your research.
  • 2. Google it again. Change your query. Find
    synonyms, see related searches (examples are at
    the bottom of the page).
  • 3. Google specific arguments. Look for even more
    info by Googling info on your specific arguments.

10 secret strategies for successful research
  • 4. Google Scholar visit and
    choose the latest scholarly sources. Cant access
    the article in full? Look for it in your college
    library or Google.
  • 5. Go to the sacred online hubs. Enter site edu
    and/or site gov after your query to see the
    results from the most reliable sites only.
  • 6. Use exact matches. Use quotation marks before
    and after your query to get exact matches from
    Google my topic.
  • 7. Use a synonyms operator. Surround your search
    query with tilde () to see the synonyms for your
    query in bold mytopic

10 secret strategies for successful research
  • 8. Read only abstracts first. Save your precious
    time - first focus on abstracts (or conclusions)
    only to see whether the source is worth your
  • 9. Copy and paste the best quotes. Whenever you
    find a good quote grab it immediately. You can
    paraphrase it later. Just dont forget to
    indicate the source where you found it.
  • 10. See the reference pages of related studies.
    Need more sources? No problem scholars have
    already found them for you. See their references
    and find the same relevant sources on your own.

30 transition words
  • Addition
  • Moreover
  • Furthermore
  • Alternatively
  • Considering this
  • With regards to this
  • Namely
  • Particularly
  • Including
  • Likewise
  • Similarly

30 transition words (continued)
  • Conflict
  • However
  • In contrast
  • Conversely
  • On the contrary
  • Whereas
  • Though
  • On the other hand
  • Meanwhile
  • Yet
  • Still

30 transition words (continued)
  • Causation
  • Because of
  • Due to
  • Since
  • For
  • Owing to
  • Unless
  • Provided that
  • Granted that
  • Thus
  • Therefore

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