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Reading texts and exercise.

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Title: Reading texts and exercise.


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Reading texts and exercise.
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Prepared by
  • Aseel Emad Mehjeze . 220092893
  • Ola Omar El-Othmani . 220091517
  • Roaa Mahmoud Muhessn . 220094927
  • Section no 201

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Aims
  • Understanding and analyzing reading skills and
    activities in English for Palestine
    (Grade5-grade7-grade11)

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  • Describing reading texts for grade5,7, and11).
  • Discussing teacher role in the process of
    teaching .
  • Showing some strategies that teacher can follow
    to over come such problems.
  • Shedding a light on some problematic areas
    related to reading skills on EFP clarified
    with some examples from the textbooks.

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Why is reading important?
  • Reading is something essential in the classroom
    environment because of many reasons such as
  • 1.It help Ss train to get information rapidly
    with full understanding
  • 2.It can reinforce the basic knowledge they have
    acquired.
  • 3.It improve Ss competences in English, as it
    provides real life situations.

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What is reading??
  • It is the process of extracting meaning from
    printed or written material.
  • The ability to decode meaning from graphic
    symbols.
  • It is a silent fast activity, Ss will read for
    full understanding or for key details.

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Types of reading
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What is extensive reading?
  • It means rapid reading of large quantities of
    material or longer readings(e.g. for general
    understanding, with the focus generally on the
    meaning of what you read than on the language).
  • In ER we are after quantity building a lifelong
    reading habit.
  • ER is a supplementary class library scheme.
  • It is used to obtain a general understanding of
    subjectincludes longer texts for pleasure.

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What is intensive reading
  • The emphasis is on the details that support the
  • main points picked out at the skimming level.
  • It is used on shorter texts in order to extract
    specific information

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How to teach a reading text?
  • There are 3 phases to approach a reading text
    inside the classroom which are
  • Phase(1)Pre-reading.
  • Phase(2)While reading.
  • Phase(3)Post reading.

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Pre-reading
  • It is a few minutes activity that aims at
    activating the learners knowledge of the word
    since understanding of any thing is the
    responsibility of the author the reader.
  • The following methods could be used to achieve
    this objective.
  • 1.Brain-storming about the topic of the activity
    or a similar one.

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  • 2.Questioning about the topic of the activity or
    a similar one.
  • 3.Picture reading of the topic or a similar one.
  • While reading
  • 1-While books are closed ,instruct the learners
    that they are going to read a passage about a and
    so----the text topic.
  • 2.Get Ss to open their books at page---,make
    sure that they opened them at the required page.
  • 3.Read the unit title ,title of the activity
    textbook instructions on how to deal with the
    activity. Make sure that they understand, you
    could ask them for its Arabic

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  • Meaning if the instruction is new or you feel it
    is difficult or not clear to them.
  • 4.Picture reading asks a few questions about the
    textbook activity pictures.
  • 5.Get Ss listen to the recorded text as whole
    once while they follow in their books. You could
    pause the recording to find if the Ss follow the
    recording properly.
  • 6.Get Ss read the text silently quickly to find
    answers for the pre-text questions. If these are
    not existed, please develop very easy questions,
    put them on the board instruct Ss to find the
    answers.
  • 7.When Ss finish the silent reading ,get them
    discuss their answers of the questions then say
    them loudly.

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  • 8.Instruct Ss that they are going to listen again
    to answer detailed questions.
  • 9.Distributing the working sheet ,discuss
    questions about the first paragraph.
  • 10.Play the recording of the first paragraph,
    while Ss follow. Ss read silently the first
    paragraph then answer the questions in groups.
  • 11.Teacher goes round to help and check
  • 12.Checks answers orally, getting Ss to say where
    they got it from.
  • 13.Teacher can ask a student to summarize the
    paragraph, teacher chooses a good student.

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Post reading
  • It means involving the learners to work on an
    activity that reinforces the learnt language,
    consolidates it with the learners reality and
    provides them with an opportunity to use the
    learnt language for personal purposes.

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Reading strategies
  • Reading process includes several strategies which
    are
  • 1.Scanning
  • 2.Skimming
  • 3.Prediction
  • 4.Inference

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  • Examples taken from grade 5

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  • Examples taken from grade 7

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  • Examples taken from grade 11

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Problems in teaching reading
  • Teacher doesnt have enough time to let every
    student read.
  • -The questions below the text are not varied.
  • -Its usually wh-questions, yes or no questions
    there are no true or false questions, multiple
    choice questions and some students cant read and
    understand effectively, cant read with speed and
    cant understand the meaning of unknown words
    using different strategies.

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Suggestions
  • Using Interactive approach.
  • -Using communicative approach.
  • -classroom procedures- shifting from teacher
    centered to learner centered approach.
  • -Task- oriented activities

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