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LPS 7TH GRADE SOCIAL STUDIES

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Historical Corroboration Example ... Contextualization is when a student locates a document in time and place in order to understand how these factors shape its ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: LPS 7TH GRADE SOCIAL STUDIES


1
What Is History?
  • LPS 7TH GRADE SOCIAL STUDIES
  • INTRODUCTORY LESSON
  • 2013-2014

2
What is history to YOU!
  • Think - Pair- Share!
  • On a sheet of paper, write three (3) sentences
    describing what history is to you!
  • After you have finished, quietly turn to your
    Elbow/Table Partner and share your answers with
    that person

3
What is History?
  • History is an account of the past (underline
    any words you may not be familiar with)
  • 1. Accounts/narratives differ depending on ones
    perspective
  • 2. We rely on evidence to construct our account
    of the past
  • 3. We must question the reliability of each piece
    of evidence
  • 4. One piece of evidence is insufficient
  • 5. We must consult multiple pieces of evidence to
    build a reliable account

4
Did you see any words YOU did not recognize?
  • 1. Accounts/narratives differ depending on ones
    perspective
  • (Stories/opinions) (viewpoint)
  • 2. We rely on evidence to construct our account
    of the past
  • (clues) (build)
  • 3. We must question the reliability of each piece
    of evidence
  • (accuracy)
  • 4. One piece of evidence is insufficient
  • (not enough)
  • 5. We must consult multiple pieces of evidence to
    build a reliable account

5
Discussion Questions
  • Answer the following questions with a sentence
    and be prepared to discuss
  • Why would someones story differ depending their
    perspective?
  • Why do we have to rely on evidence to construct
    our account of the past?
  • Why is it important to make sure sources are
    reliable?
  • Why is it important to have multiple pieces of
    evidence?

6
Suggested Activity
  • SHEG Snapshot Autobiography Activity Multiple
    Perspectives
  • http//sheg.stanford.edu/snapshot-autobiography
  • You will need
  • Piece of construction paper
  • Markers, colored pencils, pencil
  • 3 MAJOR events from your life that you can
    remember and describe

7
Snapshot Autobiography Instructions
  • 1) Take an 8.5 x 11 piece of paper and fold it
    accordion style (like a letter youd mail), so
    that it forms 3 panels, or counting front and
    back, you should have 6 panels.
  • 2) The first panel is the cover for your Snapshot
    Autobiography.
  • Give your autobiography a title (for example,
    Snapshots from the life of Kathy)

8
  • 3) On the back panel write a brief About the
    Author section
  • Include your name
  • Place and date of birth
  • Anything else you want people of know about you.
    (hobbies, interests, family members, etc.)

9
  • 4) This leaves four panels. In the first of these
    panels, write about your birth.
  • In the other 3 panels, pick 3 events from your
    life that stand out to you.
  • For each of these three events, write a narrative
    (story) describing what happened. Make sure you
    describe it from start to finish. Be sure to
    include details!
  • Illustrate each event with a small, hand-written
    picture.

10
Part 2
  • Hand out Part 2 of The Snapshot Autobiography
  • HOMEWORK Complete Part 2 for tomorrow.

11
Part 2 Discussion/Review
  • Students will share the 2nd account of the life
    event they chose with their Elbow/Table Partner
  • Students will want to share the similarities and
    differences they may have encountered when
    interviewing their counterpart
  • Take some volunteers who would like to share with
    the class what they discovered from their
    interview

12
REVISITING Discussion Questions
  • Why would someones story differ depending on
    their perspective?
  • Why do we have to rely on evidence to construct
    our account of the past?
  • Why is it important to make sure sources are
    reliable?
  • Why is it important to have multiple pieces of
    evidence?

13
Tweet Your Knowledge and Understanding!
(Formative Assessment)
  • Using the following key words, Tweet out your
    understanding of what history is. Remember, your
    description must be 140 characters or less. Be
    sure to use the words and phrases below in your
    answer.
  • Multiple pieces of evidence
  • Account
  • Perspective
  • History is

14
Close Reading
  • LPS 7th Grade Social Studies
  • Introductory Lesson
  • 2013-2014

15
Think About It!
Who is depicted in the following photos?
16
Answer Sherlock Holmes
  • On a piece of paper, please answer the following
    questions about the man in the photos. You may
    list your answers, but be ready and able to
    explain your ideas.
  • 1) What does this man do for a living?
  • 2) When he is investigating a crime scene, what
    would that look like and sound like?
  • 3) What items would he need to help him do his
    job most effectively?
  • DISCUSS YOUR ANSWERS!

17
Make the Connection!
  • Remember, history is an account of the past
  • 1. Accounts/narratives differ depending on ones
    perspective
  • 2. We rely on evidence to construct our account
    of the past
  • 3. We must question the reliability of each piece
    of evidence
  • 4. One piece of evidence is insufficient
  • 5. We must consult multiple pieces of evidence to
    build a reliable account
  • HISTORY IS LIKE A CRIME SCENE! WE NEED TO EXAMINE
    MULTIPLE PIECES OF EVIDENCE TO CONSTRUCT THE PAST

18
Here Is a Strategy to Help Us Do That
  • CLOSE READING has us evaluate sources and analyze
    ideas by actively asking these questions when we
    are reading
  • What claims does the author make?
  • What evidence does the author use to support
    those claims?
  • How is this document supposed to make me feel?
  • What words or phrases does the author use to
    convince me that he/she is right?
  • What information does the author leave out?

19
How to Close Read
  • 1. Read with a pencil in hand, and annotate the
    text
  • Annotate means underline, highlighting, or
    circling
  • Take notes in the margins (sides, top, bottom) of
    the paper
  • 2. Look for patterns in the things you've noticed
    about the text, including repetitions,
    contradictions, similarities
  • This is similar, This is different
  • I noticed, This is interesting, Im not sure
  • 3. Ask questions about the patterns you've
    noticedespecially how and why
  • Why did this happen?, What does this mean?

20
Close Reading in Action!
  • Here is an example of Close Reading using Oh The
    Places Youll Go by Dr. Seuss
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vadXdTXEzmzE

21
Lets Practice Ourselves!
  • You should (have)
  • Document A that you will be Close Reading
  • Pencil, Pen, or Highlighter
  • Be ready to actively read and annotate your
    document
  • Be ready to ask questions and make predictions

22
Tweet Your Knowledge and Understanding!
(Formative Assessment)
  • Using the following key words, Tweet out your
    understanding of Close Reading. Remember, your
    description must be 140 characters or less. Be
    sure to use the words and phrases below in your
    answer.
  • Analyze
  • Evaluate
  • Actively ask questions
  • Pencil
  • Close Reading helps us

23
Introduction to Sourcing
  • LPS 7th Grade Social Studies
  • 2013-2014

24
Whats Wrong With This Photo?
25
What is Sourcing?
  • Sourcing asks the reader to consider who wrote a
    document as well as the circumstances of its
    creation. Who authored a given document? When?
    For what purpose?

26
Key Points of Sourcing
  • Who wrote this?
  • What is the authors point of view?
  • Why was it written?
  • When was it written? (A long time or short time
         after the event?)
  • Is this source believable? Why? Why not?

27
Present Day Application (PDA)
  • The Huskers were in the BCS National Championship
    last night. Unfortunately, because you did not do
    your Social Studies homework you were grounded
    from television and all electronics, so you
    missed the game.
  • The next day you want to get an idea of how the
    game went and what it was like in the stadium
    when the Huskers won the game. Which account of
    the game do you think would give you the most
    accurate account of how the game went and what it
    was like?

28
Options
  • 1) An online blog from 1HuskerrzFan following
    the game
  • 2) A radio podcast from your local sports
    announcer
  • 3) Your best friend who was at the game and had
    seats on the 50 yd. line
  • 4) Replays on ESPN SportsCenter showing 5-second
    highlights

29
Discuss
  • With your elbow/table partner, discuss which
    source you think would give you the best idea of
    what it was like at the game
  • Be ready to explain/defend your answer
  • Why is it important to make sure our sources are
    accurate and credible?

30
Historical Example 1
  • Question Who was present at the signing of the
    Declaration of Independence?
  • Source 1 Hollywood movie about the American
    Revolution made in 2001
  • Source 2 Book written by a famous historian who
    is an expert on the American Revolution,
    published in 1999
  • Which do you trust more? Why?

31
Historical Example 2
  • Question What was the layout of the Nazi
    concentration camp, Auschwitz?
  • Source 1 Interview with an 85 year-old Holocaust
    survivor in 1995.
  • Source 2 Map of the concentration camp found in
    Nazi files.
  • Which do you trust more? Why?

32
Historical Example 3
  • Question Did American soldiers commit cruel acts
    during the Vietnam War in 1969?
  • Source 1 Sworn testimony by American Sergeant in
    Congressional hearings in 1969
  • Source 2 Speech by American General touring the
    US in 1969
  • Which do you trust more? Why?

33
Answer Key
  • 1 Source 2 Historians base their work on
    multiple resources, extensive research, and
    primary documents. Movies have no standards or
    accountability for historical accuracy.
  • 2 Source 2 Human memory is not always
    reliable. A map of the camp is hypothetically
    objective and accurate. However, it also may
    not be entirely accurate.
  • 3 Source 1 Sworn testimony is the gold
    standard of evidence. Although someone could lie,
    it is far more reliable than a public speech by a
    General who was trying to keep morale high for
    the US public.

34
Lets Practice Ourselves!
  • You should (have)
  • Document A that you will be Close Reading
  • Pencil, Pen, or Highlighter
  • Be ready to actively read and annotate your
    document
  • Be ready to ask questions and make predictions

35
Tweet Your Knowledge and Understanding!
(Formative Assessment)
  • Using the following key words, Tweet out your
    understanding of what Sourcing is. Remember, your
    description must be 140 characters or less. Be
    sure to use the words and phrases below in your
    answer.
  • Who wrote this
  • What were the circumstances
  • When
  • What purpose
  • Sourcing has us ask

36
Introducing Contextualization
  • LPS 7TH GRADE SOCIAL STUDIES
  • 2013-2014

37
What is Contextualization?
  • Contextualization is when a student locates a
    document in time and place in order to understand
    how these factors shape its content/message.

38
Key Points of Contextualization
  • What else was going on at the time this was
    written?
  • What was it like to be alive at this time?
  • What things were different back then?
  • What things were the same?
  • What would it look like to see this event through
    the eyes of someone who lived back then?

39
Lets see an example
  • John and Dylan had planned to hang out on Friday
    evening after school. John told Dylan, Ill call
    you later when I am free and we can meet up.
    After eating supper and getting ready, Dylan was
    ready to go and meet John. However, four hours
    later John had still not called Dylan or texted
    him to let him know what the plans were. Dylan
    began to think, John is such a jerk, he hasnt
    gotten a hold of me yet and its nearly 10
    oclock!
  • What could be some of the reasons John has not
    contacted Dylan yet? Write down 3 reasons

40
Putting the situation into context
  • What Dylan did not know is that John had
    forgotten to do his Social Studies homework
    despite his parents reminding him several times
    to do so. Because of this, they took Johns phone
    away from him and turned it off so it could not
    receive calls or texts. John felt horrible about
    not contacting Dylan and hoped he wouldnt be too
    angry at him for leaving him hanging on a Friday
    night.
  • How did putting things into context help clarify
    the situation and how we might feel about Johns
    actions?

41
Further explanation of Contextualization
  • Big C BIG PICTURE What was going on in the
    society/country/region during this time period?
  • Little c Because of what was going on in the
    Big C determines what actions/thoughts/words
    were taken in the Little c

42
Context Diagram
43
Historical Contextualization Example
  • Refer to the historical documents provided in the
    packet you received
  • Use Close Reading and actively investigate what
    is going on in the document
  • When you are finished, make a prediction on what
    you believe is occurring in the world during this
    time period.
  • How does putting things into context help you
    understand what is occurring in the document?

44
Lets Practice Using Contextualization
  • You should (have)
  • Document A and the Timeline to help you
    Contextualize
  • Pencil, Pen, or Highlighter
  • Be ready to actively read and annotate your
    document
  • Be ready to ask questions and make predictions

45
Tweet Your Knowledge and Understanding!
(Formative Assessment)
  • Using the following key words, Tweet out your
    understanding of what Contextualization is.
    Remember, your description must be 140 characters
    or less. Be sure to use the words and phrases
    below in your answer.
  • Time
  • Place
  • Bigger picture
  • Document
  • Contextualization is when we ask

46
Introduction to Multiple Perspectives
  • LPs 7th Grade Social Studies
  • 2013-2014

47
Present Day Application (PDA) 1 Imagine
  • You are the principal at your school and you just
    found out there was a food fight in the
    lunchroom. Youve asked many students and
    teachers who witnessed the fight to write down
    what they saw and who they think started the
    fight. Unfortunately, you have received many
    conflicting stories that disagree not only
    regarding who started the fight, but who was
    involved. Its important to remember NO ONE is
    lying!

48
  • From Twitter
  • Tweet from _at_Sarah_Jane
  • (7th Grade Girl)
  • Ewww! Food fight today at lunch. I think it was
    one of the immature 8th grade boys near the
    trashcans. They are so annoying! ruinedmynewshirt

49
  • From Twitter
  • Tweet from _at_BBaller23
  • (8th Grade Boy)
  • Crazy! Food fight at lunch today. I saw a 7th
    grader start it over near the entrance. I think
    it was a girl! spaghettihairdontcare

50
  • From Twitter
  • Tweet from _at_Counselor
  • (Guidance Counselor)
  • Its days like these Id like to retire. A 7th
    Grade boy started a food fight today and threw
    applesauce on another students hair.
    ItsOnlyTuesday?

51
  • From InstaGram
  • (Anonymous Sender)

52
Question 1
  • Why would there be different stories of the event
    if everyone is telling the truth?
  • List them... (Try to think of at least 2 reasons)
  • -
  • -
  • -

53
Question 2
  • What are the different types of people who might
    have seen the fight?
  • List them
  • -
  • -
  • -

54
Question 3
  • What might make one persons story more
    believable that another persons?
  • Who might be considered the most trustworthy or
    believable?

55
What Are These Symbols?
56
Present Day Application (PDA) 2 Imagine
  • Last night you were checking Instagram and you
    came across a picture of your teacher.

57
Write a hashtag for the picture
58
Discussion
  • Compare your hashtag (post) with your table
    partner.
  • Are your hashtags different or similar?
  • Why might your hash tag be different from someone
    elses hash tag?
  • What other things could be true that help explain
    what is going on in this picture?

59
Perspective Matters
  • Why do different perspectives matter?
  • - In history we look at things from all
    perspectives in this classroom.
  • - It is not fair to let one group dictate how we
    hear our history.
  • - Everyone deserves a voice.

60
Tweet Your Knowledge and Understanding!
(Formative Assessment)
  • Using the following key words, Tweet out your
    understanding of Multiple Perspectives .
    Remember, your description must be 140 characters
    or less. Be sure to use the words and phrases
    below in your answer.
  • Full account
  • Perspectives differ
  • More believable
  • Multiple Perspectives is important because

61
Introducing Corroboration
  • LPS 7th Grade Social Studies
  • 2013-2014

62
What is Corroboration?
  • Corroboration (Cross-Checking) asks students to
    consider details and evidence across multiple
    sources to strengthen and support a historical
    claim.

63
Key Points of Corroboration
  •     What do other pieces of evidence say?
  •     Am I finding the same information
    everywhere?
  •     Am I finding different versions of the
    story? If yes, why might that be?
  •     Where else could I look to find out about
         this?
  •     What pieces of evidence are most
         believable?

64
Present Day Application (PDA)
  • Location Justin Bieber BELIEVE Concert Omaha
  • Parties Involved Laura, Jesse, Justin Bieber,
    Lauras mom
  • Scenario Laura claims to have met Justin Bieber
    backstage after his concert with Jesse and her
    mom. She took a photo with him on her iPhone but
    then dropped it in excitement before she could
    post it to Instagram, thus destroying her phone
    and the photo. The next day at school, no one
    believes her when she claims she met Justin.

65
What is the Corroborating Evidence?
  • What evidence is there to support Lauras claim
    that she met Justin Bieber?
  • _________________________________________
  • Jesse was with Laura at the concert and saw her
    take the photo with Justin. She also took a photo
    of Laura with Justin.
  • Lauras mom was in attendance at the concert and
    was with Laura when she met Justin, so she could
    back up Lauras claim of meeting the singer.

66
Historical Corroboration Example
  • Historical Claim The Roman Empire was not only
    known for its military and political skill, but
    also for its engineering accomplishments within
    the city and the empire as a whole.
  • Corroborrative Evidence Examples
  • The ruins of The Coliseum
  • The ruins of the Aqueducts
  • Roman theatre of Aspendos
  • Road system - All Roads Lead to Rome
  • Sculptures, domes, and architecture

67
The Coliseum
68
Aqueducts (water system)
69
Roman Theatre
70
Roman Road in Pompeii
71
Roman Art/Architecture
72
Lets Practice Ourselves
  • You should (have)
  • Document A and Document B
  • Pencil, Pen, or Highlighter
  • Be ready to actively read and annotate your
    document
  • Be ready to ask questions and make predictions

73
Tweet Your Knowledge and Understanding!
(Formative Assessment)
  • Using the following key words, Tweet out your
    understanding of what Corroboration is. Remember,
    your description must be 140 characters or less.
    Be sure to use the words and phrases below in
    your answer.
  • - Strengthen and support
  • Cross Checking
  • Multiple
  • Evidence
  • Corroboration is when we

74
Habits of Mind Skills
  • Close Reading
  • Sourcing
  • Contextualization
  • Corroboration
  • ALL OF THESE THINGS WILL HELP US USE MULTIPLE
    PERSPECTIVES TO LEARN ABOUT, EVALUATE, AND
    ANALYZE HISTORICAL EVENTS
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