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Title:

Hand Safety

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Hand Safety Hand Safety Injuries to hands and fingers are typically the most frequent injury we have. Most of the work we do is done with our hands. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hand Safety


1
Hand Safety
2
Hand Safety
  • Injuries to hands and fingers are typically the
    most frequent injury we have.
  • Most of the work we do is done with our hands.
    It stands to reason that they would be the most
    frequently injured body part.

3
Hand Safety
  • What effects are there from losing fingers or a
    hand?
  • Financial
  • Lost work/wages
  • Home life

4
Hand Safety
  • Evaluation A simple four step approach to
    eliminating, controlling, or minimizing potential
    hand hazards encountered in day-to-day
    activities.

5
Hand Safety
  • Step 1 Complete a general survey.
  • Is the work site safe?
  • Are there tripping hazards?
  • Are all moving parts properly guarded?

6
Hand Safety
  • Are there hidden hazards that need to be
    evaluated?
  • Have I identified the safe work zone?

7
Hand Safety
  • Step 2 Complete a more specific survey.
  • What task are you preparing for?
  • What is your role in the task?

8
Hand Safety
  • Step 3 Be familiar.
  • All persons must be trained
  • and competent in the work they do.
  • If you are not trained or competent, the
    situation is unsafe.

9
Hand Safety
  • Everyone has an obligation to stop work if it is
    unsafe.
  • All personnel on the job site have the
    responsibility to work safe.

10
Hand Safety
  • Step 4 Use the right tools.
  • Use gloves when appropriate.
  • Never use defective or damaged tools.
  • Use a tool for its intended purpose.
  • When utilizing a knife, always cut away from your
    body.

11
Hand Safety
  • Other causes of hand injuries
  • Hand tools
  • Sharps in trash
  • Reject materials (metal shavings, broken glass
    etc.)
  • Pinch points
  • Handling of abrasive materials

12
Review
13
First Aid, CPR AED
14
First Aid/CPR/AED
  • As an employee, it is important to have a working
    knowledge of First Aid/CPR practices. It is also
    important that you understand how and when the
    use of these practices is needed and to what
    extent you can respond to an emergency situation.
  • The best time to understand your role is before
    an emergency happens.

15
First Aid/CPR/AED
  • The first response to an accident is the most
    important.
  • Often, first aid given at the scene can improve
    the victims chances of survival and a good
    recovery.
  • The right response is better than an incorrect
    quick one however, any response is better than
    none at all.

16
First Aid/CPR/AED
  • Universal Precautions
  • Avoiding contact with patients bodily fluids by
    means of the wearing of nonporous article such as
    medical gloves, goggles, and face shields.
  • Everyone should be considered a possible carrier
    of bloodborne pathogens.

17
First Aid/CPR/AED
  • Universal Precautions
  • First aid supplies are required to be readily
    available which will carry items to help protect
    you when responding.

18
First Aid/CPR/AED
  • First Aid/CPR/AED
  • OSHA states that the employer shall ensure the
    ready availability of medical personnel for
    advice and consultation on matters of health. In
    the absence of a medical facility, a person or
    persons shall be adequately trained to render
    first aid. (29 CFR 1910.151)

19
First Aid/CPR/AED
  • AED
  • Automated External Defibrillators (AED) are
    sometimes the only way for a Sudden Cardiac
    Arrest victim to survive.
  • To be effective the first shock should be
    delivered within the first 3-5 minutes.

20
First Aid/CPR/AED
  • AED machines are self contained and provide step
    by step instructions to the user during an
    emergency.
  • More detailed instruction is provided in hands-on
    First Aid/CPR courses.

21
First Aid/CPR/AED
  • Responding
  • It is important to understand that you should
    only respond to the level of training you have
    received.
  • Report all incidents or exposure to your
    supervisor immediately.
  • If the event is life threatening Call 911 or
    your local emergency number.

22
First Aid/CPR/AED
  • Unconscious Victim
  • If the victim is unconscious and not breathing,
    perform rescue breathing.
  • If the victims heart has stopped beating,
    perform CPR if you have been properly trained.

23
First Aid/CPR/AED
  • Shock
  • Shock usually accompanies severe injury or
    emotional upset.
  • Signs are
  • Cold, clammy skin
  • Pale face
  • Chills
  • Confusion
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Shallow breathing

24
First Aid/CPR/AED
  • Bleeding
  • Until emergency help arrives, control the
    bleeding.
  • Utilize latex gloves or plastic bags as a
    protective barrier.

25
First Aid/CPR/AED
  • Bleeding
  • If finger or hand pressure is not adequate, place
    a thick pad or clean cloth or bandage over the
    wound.
  • As a last resort, a tourniquet can be applied to
    stop bleeding. Once in place, a tourniquet must
    be left for a physician to remove.

26
First Aid/CPR/AED
  • Choking
  • Choking occurs when food or a foreign object
    obstructs the throat and interferes with normal
    breathing.

27
First Aid/CPR/AED
  • For adults and children over one year of age use
    the following approach
  • Ask Are you choking?
  • Shout for help Call for help if the victim
    cannot cough, speak or breathe if coughing is
    weak or making high-pitched noises.

28
First Aid/CPR/AED
  • Choking
  • Phone emergency staff for help.
  • Send someone to call an ambulance.
  • Do abdominal thrusts wrapping your arms around
    the victims waist.
  • Make a fist
  • Place thumb side of fist in
    middle of abdomen
  • Quick upward thrusts

29
First Aid/CPR/AED
  • Basic CPR
  • Use HELPU
  • Hazards identify all the hazards.
  • Environment consider your surroundings.
  • Look be cautious in high traffic areas.
  • Protect against bloodborne pathogens use
    universal precautions.
  • Unknown hazards consider the hazards you cant
    see.

30
First Aid/CPR/AED
  • Basic CPR
  • Activate Emergency Medical Services (EMS).
  • If you are alone, call EMS yourself before
    rendering aid.

31
First Aid/CPR/AED
  • Perform an Initial Assessment
  • Open airway using head-tilt, chin-lift.
  • Remove foreign materials.
  • Look, listen and feel for breathing.
  • Assess no longer than 10 seconds, if breathing is
    absent, perform CPR.

32
First Aid/CPR/AED
  • Basic CPR
  • If patient is not breathing, give 2 ventilations.
  • Provide continuous cycles of 30 compressions and
    2 ventilations until another provider or EMS
    takes over.
  • Once the patient begins breathing, if they are
    not injured, place them in recovery position.
  • Monitor breathing.

33
Review
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