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Seven Years War

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Title: Seven Years War & The Battle of the Plains of Abraham Author: Katie Monahan Last modified by: User Created Date: 3/16/2012 8:55:23 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Seven Years War


1
Seven Years War The Battle of the Plains of
Abraham
  • Canadian History 11

2
The War of Austrian Succession ended with the
Peace of Aix-La-Chapelle.
3
An uneasy peace held for almost eight years.
4
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7
Austria and France had been ancient enemiesnow
they were on the same side!
8
They wanted to keep Prussia from expanding in the
East.
9
In the new world, the French were successful in
seeking the alliance of the Indian leadershence,
this war is called the French Indian War in North
America.
10
In 1758, Louisburg, the great fort that had been
captured and returned by the English during the
War of Austrian Succession, was captured once
again.
11
Background
  • Seven Years War both Europe and North America
    (1756-1763)
  • In Canada, early French success, more manpower
    and forts
  • Later (1758-1759), British success more money,
    men are allotted, power of Royal Navy
  • 1759
  • New France faced odds of nearly 3 to 1in terms of
    ships,
  • 4 to 1 in terms of regular soldiers.
  • 10 to 1 in money

12
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13
Main Players
  • James Wolfe commander of British invasion fleet
    sent to take Quebec
  • Invasion force 13,500 men, 4000 in strike force
    (mostly regular soldiers)

14
Main Players
  • France Marquis de Montcalm
  • Approximately 4500 men (mostly militiamen)

15
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16
Problems with French Defense
  • Walls facing the Plains of Abraham had no gun
    reinforcements
  • Under cover of fire, Royal Navy could transport
    its ships up the river without counterattack
  • French failed to establish a password for a
    French convoy expected to bring supplies on the
    night of September 12
  • The British attack was a complete surprise
    French sentries on the shore thought that the
    boats gliding past them were part of the French
    convoy.

17
The Plains of Abraham
  • Wolfe deployed 4500 troops on the Plains of
    Abraham, the grassy field near the unarmed
    western walls of the fort
  • Montcalm makes a fatal error- Instead of waiting
    for Colonel de Bougainville to arrive with 3000
    regulars stationed at Cap Rouge, 15 km upstream,
    he impulsively attacks

18
The Battle Unfolds
  • British strategies Three quarters of men
    deployed in one line in a concentration of
    firepower
  • When the French army was only 40m away, the
    command to fire was given and the French were
    devastated, their lines in chaos
  • Retreated up the St. Lawrence River
  • Battle lasted less than 30 minutes
  • The two forces were numerically equal, however,
    the
  • British force was well trained
  • French, poorly trained militiamen

19
Wolfe Dies on the Battle Field
20
In 1759, French Canada (Quebec) falls to the
English in the great battle called the Plains of
Abraham.
21
British Gains in North America
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