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Charles the Great [Charlemagne]

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Title: Charles the Great [Charlemagne] Author: Robbins Last modified by: MSD321 Created Date: 4/11/2006 11:46:59 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Charles the Great [Charlemagne]


1
Charles the GreatCharlemagne
TimelineCharlemagne
2000 A.D.
1500 A.D.
1000 A.D.
500 A.D.
B.C. A.D.
500 B.C.
1000 B.C.
1500 B.C.
2000 B.C.
2
Charles the GreatCharlemagne
  • Quick facts about Charlemagne
  • He was born in 742.
  • He was about 6 4 tall.
  • His ancestors were Germanic.
  • He became King at age 29 upon the death of his
    father.
  • In 773 Pope Hadrian called for Charlemagne to
    defend the Vatican. This gave him the chance to
    set himself up as defender of Christianity.

3
Charles the GreatCharlemagne
  • Quick facts about Charlemagne
  • Through a series of battles across Europe he
    became the first king since the fall of Rome to
    establish a united Europe.
  • Through his administration of Court he allowed
    input into his decision making from lords. This
    was unusual for a king.

4
Charles the GreatCharlemagne
  • Quick facts about Charlemagne
  • He gathered learned men and judges of every sort
    in a kind of educational and arts training
    institute at his court in Aachen.
  • He despised the fact that so few people could
    read - it was pretty much limited to the clergy.

5
Charles the GreatCharlemagne
  • Quick facts about Charlemagne
  • He brought in scholars from as far away as
    Ireland to teach reading and languages. This was
    the root of the university system in Europe.
  • He had no reservations about telling the bishops
    and priests how to run the Church and telling
    them change practices he saw as corrupt.

6
Charles the GreatCharlemagne
  • Quick facts about Charlemagne
  • He brought in ideas such as poetry and tithed -
    or taxed 1/10 of the nobles property to support
    the Church.
  • Because of his great support for the Church at
    Rome he was crowned Holy Roman Emperor on
    Christmas Day, 800 by Pope Leo. The congregation
    at the Church hailed him as Charles Augustus.

7
Charles the GreatCharlemagne
  • The idea that the Roman Empire had returned was
    popular but wrong. Most of the old Roman Empire
    was now in Byzantium under the growing control of
    Muslim leaders but Charlemagne managed the idea
    that the glory of Rome had returned in Europe.
    His empire included most lands from the Baltic to
    the Mediterranean and east to what is now
    Austria.

8
Charles the GreatCharlemagne
  • Probably the greatest contributions of
    Charlemagne to the development of the humanities
    were his dedication to some levels of human
    rights among his subjects (his enemies had none),
    his expanded system of learning, and preserving
    the power of the Church at Rome at a time when it
    may have been destroyed otherwise.

9
Charles the GreatCharlemagne
  • After he was crowned Emperor, Charlemagne was
    able to negotiate peace with Byzantium. It took
    some work and concessions but he was able to
    avoid what would have been a huge and costly war.
  • Because he wove the Church and his government
    together, Charlemagne also served to develop the
    idea of the Divine Right of Kings still guides
    European monarchies today.

10
Charles the GreatCharlemagne
  • He had a deep love for learning of every kind and
    his example served to create interest in the
    entire Holy Roman Empire.
  • Interesting fact
  • His palace at Aachen survived until World War II
    - 1100 years.
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