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On Writing Lord of the Flies

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On Writing Lord of the Flies It was simply what seemed sensible for me to write after the war when everyone was thanking God they weren t Nazis. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: On Writing Lord of the Flies


1
On Writing Lord of the Flies
  • It was simply what seemed sensible for me to
    write after the war when everyone was thanking
    God they werent Nazis. Id seen enough to
    realize that every single one of us could be
    Nazis.
  • What does this quote mean?
  • --William
    Golding

2
Lord of the Flies
  • Lord of the Flies is about a group of school boys
    from Britain who are marooned on a deserted
    island. They must learn to survive.
  • Could you survive in the wild with a group of
    people? Lets find out.

3
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4
William Golding
  • British novelist
  • Born on September 19, 1911, died 1993
  • Studied Science and English at Oxford
  • Fought in Royal Navy during WWII
  • Participated in invasion of Normandy on D-Day
  • At wars end, returned to teaching and writing
  • Earned The Nobel Prize in Literature in 1983 "for
    his novels which, with the perspicuity of
    realistic narrative art and the diversity and
    universality of myth, illuminate the human
    condition in the world of today".

5
Facts About the Novel
  • First Published in 1954
  • Rejected 21 times before it was published
  • It was his first novel
  • Not successful until the early 1960s
  • On the American Library Associations list of the
    100 Most Frequently Challenged Books of
    1990-2000.

6
Some Ideas posed by this novel
  • Peoples baser instincts are often stronger than
    their nobler ones in creating human societies
  • We cannot escape our savage, violent tendencies
  • Without social order, we devolve into a state of
    chaos
  • The defects of society can be traced back to the
    defects in human nature

7
Inspiration
  • Golding once allowed his class of boys total
    freedom in a debate, but had to intervene as
    mayhem soon broke out
  • Experiences in war
  • Critical response to Coral Island by R.M.
    Ballantyne
  • Philosophical questions about human nature

8
Philosophical Influence
  • John Hobbes
  • English Philosopher 1588- 1679
  • Man is by nature selfishly individualistic
  • Man constantly at war with other men
  • Fear of violent death is sole motivation to
    create civilizations
  • Men need to be controlled by absolute sovereignty
    to avoid brutish behavior

9
Allusions
  • Use of the names Ralph and Jack as the main
    characters from The Coral Island.
  • Simon from the Bible Simon called Peter,
  • Mention of Coral Island and Treasure Island
  • Numerous biblical allusions throughout

10
Goldings Literary Technique
  • Heavy use of symbolism
  • Allegory the entire novel is an allegory!
  • Def The rhetorical strategy of extending a
    metaphor through an entire narrative so that
    objects, persons, and actions in the text are
    equated with meanings that lie outside the text.
  • Throughout the text the boys represent humanity
    as a whole.
  • Irony
  • Abundant imagery and sensory detail
  • Figurative Language
  • Simile
  • Metaphor
  • Personification

11
Lord of the Flies in Pop Culture
  • In Hook, Robin Williams compares Lost Boys to
    savages in LOTF
  • The Simpsons episode Das Bus is a parody
  • Inspiration for the anime series Infinite Ryvius
  • T.V. shows Survivor and Lost are said to have
    been inspired from LOTF
  • 2006 movie Unaccompanied Minors makes reference
    to LOTF

12
Themes (ideas for what could turn into theme
statementsRemember, you are looking for the
message about these ideas throughout the book.).
  • Survival
  • Power/leadership styles
  • Civilization vs. Savagery
  • Loss of Innocence
  • Human nature
  • Duality of man
  • Nature Vs. Nurture
  • Good Vs. Evil

13
Lord of the Flies
  • Essential Questions
  • What is mans true nature? Are human beings
    inherently evil or savage?
  • Is power, by its nature, corruptive?
  • How does experience shape an individual?
  • Why do certain groups of people alienate,
    isolate, and attempt to exterminate other groups
    of people?
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