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The Observatory of Gender and Poverty at a glance: an example of the efforts to produce Gender Statistics in M

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Title: UNIFEM STRATEGY FOR THE GENDER INCORPORATION ON STATISTICS Author: Ma. de la Paz Last modified by: UNSD Created Date: 11/30/2006 1:10:18 PM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Observatory of Gender and Poverty at a glance: an example of the efforts to produce Gender Statistics in M


1
The Observatory of Gender and Poverty at a
glance an example of the efforts to produce
Gender Statistics in México (http//ogp.colmex.mx
/)
2
Elements on the construction of the Observatory
on gender and poverty
  • The different way in which women and men live and
    experience poverty
  • Traditional poverty measures using household as a
    unit of analysis, make poverty invisible at the
    individual level.
  • Other important bias poverty on individuals is
    not exclusive of poor households.

3
Issues considered on the elaboration of the
observatory
  • Deeper analysis of income measures and poverty
    lines
  • Elaboration of indicators from household surveys.

4
Household as a unit of analysis for poverty
measures
  • Usually the household is considered as a
    harmonic unit, free of conflicts.
  • Power conflicts are not taken into account.
  • Asymmetric relationship is missed out
  • Poverty affects household members, but poverty
    measures cannot be restricted to this.

5
? Main reasons
?Conjunctural and immediate reasons
  • Gender inequality and female subordination as a
    bench mark
  • Because of their accumulated effects, their
    existence deepen the consequences of poverty
  • As poverty is not gender neutral, they affect all
    poverty dimensions
  • They are deeply rooted in prejudices and
    discrimination against women
  • ? Less access to resources
  • Offering tools
  • Quantitatively
  • Scarcity of data on poverty disaggregated by sex
    and of variables from a gender perspective
  • Qualitatively
  • Scarcity of data on how men and women live and
    perceive poverty (experiences and perceptions)

6
The Observatory of Gender and Poverty
  • General objective
  • Offering inputs (new knowledge) for design,
    follow-up and evaluation of policy on poverty
    eradication
  • Specific objective
  • - To produce, systematize, analyze and
    disseminate information of poverty from a gender
    perspective

7
Observatory on gender and poverty (pieces of
information)
Observatorio Género y Pobreza (piezas de
información)
Sample of a survey (ENCELURB) carried out for
evaluation of the National Programme on Poverty
Oportunidades
Quantitative data from regular data sources
  • Households income and expenditure surveys
    (ENIGHs)
  • Evaluation Survey Oportunidades
  • Time use survey, 2002
  • Survey on violence against women 2003
  • National Health survey, 2000- 2006
  • Census Sample, 2000
  • Sample of Indigenous Census, 2000
  • National labor surveys

Household survey Observatorio
Hogares c/Oportunidades
s/Oportunidades
Poor within
Oportunidades Households outside
Oportunidades
Deep interviews, focal groups, lexicon tests
8
Results
Wide dissemination of information through the Web
Site
Observatory on gender and poverty Series
(Publications)
  • Modules on
  • gender and poverty indicators
  • surveys including poverty issues
  • consultation of qualitative data
  • various research papers on the Observatory

Other publications (booklets, brochures,
etc) Dissemination of information
Some examples on the potential use of the
Observatory
9
Conflict
Resolution without taking violence into account
Resolution taking violence into account
  • Is the delivery of monetary support directly to
    women of Oportunidades the cause of gender
    violence?
  • This is a basic question of the survey on
    violence and decision making 2004 (Observatory)
  • Sceneries delivery of monetary support directly
    to women of Oportunidades may cause
  • Exacerbation of conflict between the couple
  • Exacerbation of violence already present before
    the implementation of Oportunidades
  • The level and manifestation of conflict is
    maintained without changes
  • Decrease of some aspects of manifestation of
    violence among the couple.

10
This question was addressed only to women with
Oportunidades reporting some situation of
violence The situation of violence increased,
decreased or was it the same with the arrival of
the Program Oportunidades? (
A higher percentage (20-30) answered that the
situation of violence decreased at the arrival of
Oportunidades
11
The time of preparing meals increases mainly with
the chores of preparing the corn dough and making
fire
Cooking meals
Non poor women 12 hrs
6 hours grinding corn
Poor women (rural) 22.4 hrs
2 hours making fire
1 hour Collecting wood
100 time
Fuente Orozco Mónica, (2005) based on ENUT, 2002
12
Household infrastructure saves time and efforts
7
3
3
1
Micro-waves
Stove
refrigerator
Total
Hours saved during the week
Fuente Orozco Mónica, (2005) based on ENUT, 2002
13
Población indígena de 15 años por sexo según
condición de analfabetismo
Illiterate indigenous women poor and non-poor,
2000
Mujeres
Hombres
Fuente Cálculos propios del Observatorio de
Género y Pobreza, a partir de la Muestra Censal
2000, INEGI.
14
Research on the Observatory
  • Lines of research and improvement of analytical
    and data basis
  • Effect of affirmative actions toward girls
  • Time use relationship (poverty of time or
    overburden of work)
  • To create a space for expert thinking on the
    issue of gender mainstreaming in the official
    measures of poverty
  • Incorporate indigenous poverty as a research issue

15
Whats coming up?
  • Maintaining production of basic knowledge for
    social policy, particularly regarding poverty
    eradication from a gender perspective
  • Promotion of research and deepening on the
    mechanisms that are generating and reproducing
    situations of deprivation and vulnerability on
    women
  • To move towards a new vision on the measurement
    of womens poverty.

16
  • Thank you!
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