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Sentence Structures: Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-Complex

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Title: Sentence Structures: Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-Complex


1
Sentence Structures Simple, Compound, Complex,
Compound-Complex
2
What is sentence structure anyway?
The structure of a sentence refers to The kinds
and of clauses a sentence has.
3
What is a clause again?
  • Group of words with a subject verb
  • May or may not have a complete thought

4
When will a clause have a complete
thought?
Ask Webbie!
Thats rightif its i-n-d-e-p-e-n-d-e-n-t!
So an independent clause has what 3 things?
  • Subject
  • Verb
  • Complete Thought

5
When will a clause not have a complete thought?
If its Dependent!
What kinds of words introduce dependent clauses
again?
Subordinating Conjunctions if, when, because,
since,
Relative Pronouns that, which, who, whom, whose

6
Simple Sentence Definition 1 Independent
Clause Example I like to play softball.
Its so easy, its a piece of cake!
Its a cakewalk!!!
Hey, thats a simple sentence too!!!
7
Compound Sentence Definition 2 (or more)
Independent Clauses Example I went to the game
early, but I forgot my wallet.
1 Independent 1 Independent 2
Independent Clauses!
Think of a compound wordbasketball!
8
What part of speech combines things?
Conjunctions!
This is how you will combine clauses sentences
together!
9
What are 3 ways to combine/punctuate sentences?
  1. Comma Conjunction
  2. Semicolon
  3. Period Capital Letter

10
WITH A PARTNER, MAKE A CHART OF 2 THINGS 1.Times
when Simple Sentences would be effective 2.
Times when Compound Sentences would be effective
Effective Times for Simple Sentences Effective Times for Compound Sentences
11
Effective Times for Simple Sentences Friendly letter Short answer test Directions Posters Dictionary Math Book Labels Tags Captions Comics Menus Brochures Poetry Certificates Texting Clothing Google Search FaceBook, Twitter PowerPoint Presentations Billboards Recipes Prayers Translating languages, talking to babies or pets Police Officer reading rights Commands Cheers/Pep Talks Drive Thru Window Effective Times for Compound Sentences Essays Journals Books Magazines Newspaper Business letter Resume Scholarly Journal/Article Syllabus Summary Stories Play Speech
12
What does a variation of sentence structure
create for us?
What would it be like if all sentences were
structured the same? What if we had all simple
sentences?
13
If All Sentences Were Structured the
Same Writing would be boring, choppy, lack
feeling and emphasis
  • Varied Sentence Structure Creates
  • Flow
  • Excitement
  • Change of pace
  • Emphasis
  • Shows unity.allows us to tie ideas together and
    see a relationship

14
Combine These Simple Sentences by Using
Conjunctions! Use at least 1 subordinating
conjunction and various FANBOYS! (May use same
partner to do this!)
  • Rihannas charity work and thriving career kept
    her plenty busy.
  • She would also like to spread her wings in other
    areas.
  • She made her debut playing in a movie.
  • She plans on taking acting lessons.
  • She can do even more acting.

15
Optional Answer
Although Rihannas charity work and thriving
career keep her plenty busy, she would also like
to spread her wings in other areas. She made her
debut playing in a movie, and plans on taking
acting lessons, so she can do even more acting.
16
REVIEW!
What is a Simple Sentence?
What is an Independent Clause?
What is a Compound Sentence?
17
Complex Sentences
Definition 1 independent clause 1 dependent
clause (at least)
Example When I go home from school, (Dep) I like
to ride my four wheeler. (Ind)
1 1 1 of each!
Whats the subordinating conjunction in the
dependent clause?
When
18
Compound -Complex Sentences
Definition 2 independent clauses (at least) 1
dependent clause (at least)
Example I enjoy listening to music, and I just
bought a new CD since my grandma gave me money
for my birthday.
What is 1 Ind. Clause you see?
What is the 2nd Ind. Clause you see?
What is the Dep. Clause you see?
19
Compound -Complex Sentences
Continued
Example I enjoy listening to music, and I just
bought a new CD since my grandma gave me money
for my birthday.
Comma the Coordinating Conjunction
andRemember, its a FANBOY!
What specifically is connecting the 2 Ind.
Clauses?
The Subordinating Conjunction since
What specifically is introducing the Dep. Clause?
20
Lets Try Some! Tell what type of sentence
structure each sentence is.
1. People who are dressing up for Halloween begin
by deciding their character.
Structure?
Complex
People begin by deciding their character
Independent clause?
who are dressing up for Halloween
Dependent clause?
21
2. In October, like a lot of other months,
gatherings are frequent.
Structure?
Simple
Independent clause?
Gatherings are frequent
Noticeno conjunction!
22
3. One of the most common problems that
trick-or-treaters face is cavities another is
being cold.
Structure?
Compound-Complex
Independent clause 1 ?
One of the most common problems is cavities
Dependent clause?
that trick-or-treaters face
Independent clause 2 ?
another is being cold
23
4. As a rule, Halloween can be fun, but you
should always be careful.
Structure?
Compound
Independent clause 1 ?
Halloween can be fun
You should always be careful
Independent clause 2?
What is as a rule?
A phrase
24
The Four Sentence Structures
SENTENCE STRUCTURE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES DEPENDENT CLAUSES
Simple 1 0
Compound 2 or more 0
Complex 1 1 or more
Compound-Complex 2 or more 1 or more
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