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Sources and Types of Laws

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Sources and Types of Laws Pages 428-433 Civil Law Vocabulary Plaintiff-the person suing Defendant-the person being sued 7th Amendment -In a civil case if the amount ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sources and Types of Laws


1
Sources and Types of Laws
  • Pages 428-433

2
Good Laws
  • -Characteristics of Good Laws
  • Why?
  • Fairness
  • Reasonable
  • Understandable
  • Enforceable

3
Source of Our Laws
-American System -Declaration of
Independence -Constitution
  • -Ancient Law Systems
  • -Hammurabis Law Code (You studied King
    Hammurabi in World History)
  • (1760 BC) Eye for an eye
  • -Ten Commandments-
  • Hebrews followed this /reflected in our laws
  • -Roman Codes-
  • Jurisprudence study of law
  • -English Law most important
  • -Magna Carta (1215)
  • -English Bill of Rights (1689)
  • -Common Law System
  • Common law is based on precedent and customs

4
Criminal Law
  • -Criminal Law Laws that deal with specific
    statutory rules laid down by the government
    regarding peoples behavior
  • 95 of criminal trials are for violations of
    state laws
  • -misdemeanor- An offense less serious than a
    felony
  • Vandalism destroying someone elses property EX.
    Spraypaint side of Andersons Drug store
  • Petty theft Ex. shoplifting
  • Will get a fine or less than a year jail time
  • -felony-a serious crime
  • Serious crimes EX Murder, drug trafficking, fraud

5
Civil Law
  • -Civil Law
  • Laws that are based on disagreements and
    conflicts b/w individuals
  • -Lawsuits
  • When civil case goes to court
  • Legal action against a person or group sues to
    collect damages
  • -Contracts
  • Agreement b/w 2 or more parties
  • -Family law
  • Family issues like divorce, child custody,
    adoption, alimony
  • -Small Claims Courts- amount is 5000 or less

6
Civil Law Vocabulary
  • Plaintiff-the person suing
  • Defendant-the person being sued
  • 7th Amendment -In a civil case
  • if the amount of money
  • involved is more than 20 a
  • Person can ask for a jury
  • trial.

Civil trial for O.J. Simpson. He was ordered to
pay over 33 million to the Goldman family
7
Constitutional Law
  • -Constitutional Law
  • -law that deals specifically with rights and
    issues revolving around our rights as defined in
    state or national Constitutions
  • example
  • You felt you were a victim of unreasonable search
    and seizure

8
Administrative Law
-Administrative Law -these are laws that are
formulated in response to laws passed by
Congress -determined by the executive branch -has
the same effect as law passed by legislature
Part of the executive branch, the
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) decides
what is censored on TV and radio.
9
International Law
  • -International Law
  • Laws dealing with treaties and customs agreements
    among nations
  • -military agreements
  • -diplomatic treaties
  • -trade
  • -human rights
  • UN (United Nations)
  • World Court

10
Statutory Law (type of public law)
  • Statute law written by a
  • legislative body of govt
  • Statues regulate our behavior
  • Ex
  • by setting speed limits
  • Inspecting food products
  • Getting drivers licenses
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