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The Bill of Rights and The Constitutional Principles


Title: The Bill of Rights and The Constitutional Principles Author: Ketsakul Last modified by: Ketsakul Created Date: 9/24/2009 3:11:33 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Bill of Rights and The Constitutional Principles

The Bill of Rights and The Constitutional
  • US History

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The Bill of Rights
  • The Bill of Rights is the name given to the first
    ten amendments of the Constitution
  • They were introduced by James Madison to the
    First United States Congress in 1789
  • They came into effect on Dec. 15 1789, when they
    were ratified by ¾ of the states
  • Purpose To set limits on what the government
    can/cannot do in regards to personal liberties

The Bill of Rights

1st Amendment
5th Amendment
2nd Amendment
6th Amendment
9th Amendment
10th Amendment
3rd Amendment
7th Amendment
4th Amendment
8th Amendment
Constitutional Principles
  • The Constitution was written to determine how
    power would be divided by Federal, State and
    Local governments, as well as how Individual
    states would be represented at the National level
  • The Constitutional Principles are the backbone of
    the Constitution
  • The Constitutional Principles purpose was to
    ensure that the government was formed with the
    rights of individual citizens in mind

Constitutional Principles and Other Major

Checks and Balances
Limited Government
Separation of Powers
14th Amendment
15th Amendment
Individual Rights
Popular Sovereignty
13th Amendment
1st Amendment
  • Congress shall make no law respecting an
    establishment of religion, or prohibiting the
    free exercise thereof or abridging the freedom
    of speech, or of the press or the right of the
    people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the
    Government for a redress of grievances
  • 1st Amendment Protects
  • Freedom of Religion
  • Freedom of Speech
  • Freedom of the Press
  • Right of Assembly
  • Right to Petition

2nd Amendment
  • A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the
    security of a free State, the right of the People
    to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed
  • 2nd Amendment Protects
  • Right to Bear Arms (own guns)

3rd Amendment
  • No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered
    in any house, without the consent of the Owner,
    nor in time of war, but in a manner to be
    prescribed by law
  • 3rd Amendment Protects
  • Home owners are not required to provide housing
    for soldiers (during war or at times of peace)

4th Amendment
  • The right of the people to be secure in their
    persons, houses, papers, and effects, against
    unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be
    violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon
    probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation,
    and particularly describing the place to be
    searched, and the persons or things to be seized
  • 4th Amendment Protects
  • The right of privacy
  • Search Warrants can only
  • be issued with probable cause
  • (good reason)

5th Amendment
  • No person shall be held to answer for any
    capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a
    presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except
    in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or
    in the Militia, when in actual service in time of
    War or public danger nor shall any person be
    subject for the same offence to be twice put in
    jeopardy of life or limb nor shall be compelled
    in any criminal case to be a witness against
    himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or
    property, without due process of law nor shall
    private property be taken for public use, without
    just compensation
  • 5th Amendment Protects
  • A person must be formally indicted (charged) with
    a crime before being tried
  • Double Jeopardy meaning a person cannot be tried
    twice for the same crime
  • Self-incrimination meaning witnesses do not have
    to incriminate themselves
  • Limits Eminent Domain meaning private property
    can be taken for public use, however the owner
    must be compensated (i.e. paid)

6th Amendment
  • In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall
    enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by
    an impartial jury of the State and district where
    in the crime shall have been committed, which
    district shall have been previously ascertained
    by law, and to be informed of the nature and
    cause of the accusation to be confronted with
    the witnesses against him to have compulsory
    process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and
    to have the Assistance of Counsel for his
  • 6th Amendment Protects
  • The right to a speedy and public trial
  • The right to an impartial jury of peers
  • The right to an attorney (lawyer)

7th Amendment
  • In suits at common law, where the value in
    controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the
    right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no
    fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise
    re-examined in any court of the United States,
    than according to the rules of the common law
  • 7th amendment Protects
  • Ensures that a civil litigants are entitled to
    jury trials

8th Amendment
  • Excessive bail shall not be required, nor
    excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual
    punishments inflicted
  • 8th Amendment Protects
  • Bail is set proportionally to the crime
  • No cruel or unusual punishment can be inflicted
    on a person

9th Amendment
  • The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain
    rights, shall not be construed to deny or
    disparage others retained by the people
  • 9th Amendment Protects
  • Negates the expansion of governmental power on
    the listed rights in the constitution

10th Amendment
  • The powers not delegated to the United States by
    the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the
    States, are reserved to the States respectively,
    or to the people
  • 10th Amendment Protects
  • Powers not addressed in the constitution are
    enforced by individual states and the people
    within them

Checks and Balances
  • Each branch of government has power over the
    other two, to ensure that one branch does not
    become too powerful

Limited Government
  • People give power to the government the
    government does not have unlimited power

  • Power is divided between National, State and Local

Separation of Powers
  • Power is equally divided amongst the 3 branches
    of government

Individual Rights
  • Citizens rights are guaranteed (i.e. the Bill of

  • The government should be based on the consent of
    the people through representatives

Popular Sovereignty
  • Citizens have the power through voting

13th Amendment
  • Prohibits slavery or involuntary servitude (with
    the exception of a punishment of a crime)
  • Adopted on Dec. 6 1865

14th Amendment
  • Citizenship clause (defines a citizen which
    included slaves and the descendents)
  • Due Process Clause (protection of private
  • Equal Protection Clause (equal treatment of all
    citizens, regardless of race, gender or
  • Adopted on July 9 1868

15th Amendment
  • Protects an individuals right to vote,
    regardless of race, color or previous condition
    of servitude
  • Ratified on Feb. 3 1870