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World Literature: Short Stories


World Literature: Short Stories In this unit, we will build upon our understanding of literary concepts, elements, genres, and terms and apply those understandings to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World Literature: Short Stories

World Literature Short Stories
  • In this unit, we will build upon our
    understanding of literary concepts, elements,
    genres, and terms and apply those understandings
    to the interpretation of short stories.

  • We will examine short stories in their cultural
    context to appreciate the diversity and
    complexity of world issues.
  • We will look at each text for its cultural
    significance and to connect global ideas to our
    own experiences.

  • First, we will look at some of the ways all short
    stories are alike.
  • Then, well analyze each short story individually
    for their particular significance, importance,
    and relevance to our own lives.

Lets look at some elements of the short story
Plot Structure in Short Stories
Plot is the literary element that describes the
structure of a story. It shows the arrangement of
events and actions within a story.
Plot Components
Climax the turning point, the most intense
momenteither mentally or in action
Rising Action the series of conflicts and crisis
in the story that lead to the climax
Falling Action all of the action which follows
the climax
Resolution the conclusion, the tying together of
all of the threads
Exposition the start of the story, the
situation before the action starts
Types of Linear Plots
  • Plots can be told in

  • Conflict is the dramatic struggle between two
    forces in a story. Without conflict, there is no

Types of Conflict
Other elements of short stories
  • Point of view
  • Characterization
  • Setting
  • Theme

Point of view
  • In short fiction, who tells the story and how it
    is told are critical issues for an author to
    decide. The tone and feel of the story, and even
    its meaning, can change radically depending on
    who is telling the story.
  • Third Person Point of View
  • Narrator is not in the story, outside voice
  • First Person Point of View
  • Narrator is a character in the story, speaking
    from his feelings/observations

Point of view, cont.
  • Omniscient and Limited Omniscient Points of View
  • Omniscient A narrator who knows everything
    about all the characters is all knowing, or
  • Limited Omniscient A narrator whose knowledge
    is limited to one character, either major or
    minor, has a limited omniscient point of view

  • Be alert to characters in the same way you are
    when you meet someone. Observe their actions.
    Listen closely to what they say and how they say
    it. Notice how they relate to other characters
    and how other characters respond to them. Look
    for clues as to their purpose and significance in
    the story.
  • Characters are either major or minor and either
    static (unchanging) or dynamic (changing).

Characterization, cont.
  • Characterization includes the methods the writer
    uses to tell the reader about a character
  • 1. DIRECT CHARACTERIZATION - the writer makes
    direct statements about a character's personality
    and tells what the character is like.2.
    INDIRECT CHARACTERIZATION - the writer reveals
    information about a character and his personality
    through that character's thoughts, words, and
    actions, along with how other characters respond
    to that character, including what they think and
    say about him.

  • The narrator uses details to describe the sights,
    sounds, colors, and textures of the location of
    the action, along with the time in which it
  • These descriptions help the reader to picture the
    story as its happening.
  • Setting includes not only the time and place the
    action in which the action occurred, but also the
    cultural, economic, and social environment.

  • The theme is the main idea or insight the writer
    wants the reader to think about after reading the
    story or novel.