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THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY

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THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY * * * * * * * * Teachers should be aware of: strengths and weaknesses of own teaching style learning theories ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY


1
THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY
2
Educational Technology
  • Educational Technology includes any media that is
    used for instruction

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  • Anything used to help teach students can be
    considered educational technology.

6
Educational Technology
  • Educational technology is any technology that is
    used to support teaching and learning.

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Educational Technology and Instruction
  • Technology are the tools to help create an
    effective instructional event
  • Instructional events all teaching methods and
    learning experiences
  • Learning environment physical and non-physical
    aspects where instruction takes place

8
LEARNING
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LEARNING
  • is a transfer of knowledge that can be ensured
    only when all components of the process have been
    incorporated
  • (Lever-Duffy, et al., 2005)

10
LEARNING
  • Variety of theories explain how we learn
  • Each theory offers a different perspective or
    view as to how learning occurs
  • Some theories may be contradictory
  • Teachers must decide on theory for themselves

11
Learning Theories
Proper planning and effective use of tools and
methods are key to successful teaching and
learning
12
Learning Theories
  • Learning as Communication
  • Knowledge is transferred from sender to receiver
  • Receiver returns feedback to sender
  • Sender receives feedback
  • Variables may alter intended meaning.

13
Learning as Communication
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Learning as Communication
Factors Affection Communication
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Learning as Communication
  • Environmental Factors
  • Any factor that may cause a learner to lose focus
  • Can block communications
  • Lighting, movement, temperature may interfere
    with communications

16
Learning as Communication
  • Psychological Factors
  • Individual differences that define and impact
    communicated information
  • Emotional state may interfere with message
    reception
  • Learning styles may interfere with transmission

17
Learning as Communication
  • Personal Filters
  • Individuals values, heritage, and belief system
  • May include attitudes, cultural differences, and
    opinions
  • Filters are present in both sender and receiver

18
Learning Theories
  • Behaviorists Perspective
  • All behavior is a response to external stimuli
  • Students learn in response to rewards and
    punishments
  • Learning is a passive response to the environment

19
Learning Theories
  • Cognitivists Perspective
  • Focus is on learning as a mental operation
  • Information enters through senses Learning is
    explained by how one thinks
  • Believe learning is more complex than behaviorist
    responses

20
Learning Theories
  • Constructivists Perspective
  • Knowledge is constructed as a result of the
    learning process
  • Learning occurs when knowledge is assimilated or
    accommodated (Piaget)
  • Knowledge may be constructed best in a social
    context

21
VIEW OF THE LEARNER
  • Characteristics that might have an impact on
    learning
  • Cognitive style
  • Learning style
  • Intelligence

22
Learning Theories
  • Cognitive Styles
  • Manner in which one thinks and interprets the
    environment
  • Myers-Briggs helps determine cognitive
    preferences
  • Understanding cognitive styles helps teachers
    create supportive environments

23
Learning Theories
Myers-Briggs Cognitive Types
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Learning Theories
  • Learning Styles
  • Conditions under which one learns best
  • Relates to individual sensory dominance
  • Auditory learners learn best by listening
  • Visual learners learn best by seeing
  • Kinesthetic/Tactile learners learn best by doing
    and touching

25
The Learner
  • Intelligence
  • Inherent capabilities to learn and understand
  • Standford-Binet tests emphasize
    logical/mathematical and verbal capabilities
  • Howard Gardners Theory of Multiple Intelligences
    emphasizes multiple capabilities

26
The Learner
Multiple Intelligences
  • Verbal-Linguistic
  • Mathematical-Logical
  • Visual-Spatial
  • Bodily-Kinesthetic
  • Interpersonal
  • Intrapersonal
  • Naturalistic
  • Existential
  • Musical

27
The Learner
Multiple Intelligences
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Multiple Inteligences
  • Linguistics verbal skills/talents related to
    sound, meaning ryhthms
  • Logical-mathematical conceptual logical
    thinking
  • Musical talents/abilities related to sound,
    rhythm pitch
  • Spatial skill in thinking in pictures
    visioning abstract

29
Multiple Inteligences
  • Bodily-kinesthetic skill in controlling body
    movements
  • Interpersonal responsive to others
  • Intrapersonal high-degree of self awareness
    insight
  • Naturalistic skills in recognizing,
    categorizing interacting with natural world
  • Existential ability to consider deal with
    questions of human existence

30
Lets try a Learning Style Inventory
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For Learning Inventory Assessment
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Teaching and Learning
  • Teaching a systematic, planned sequence of
    events
  • A process that communicates ideas/skills
  • Takes into account individual and environmental
    factors
  • Aware of learning theories learner
    characteristics

34
Teaching and Learning
  • Teachers should be aware of
  • strengths and weaknesses of own teaching style
  • learning theories
  • learning style of students

35
Teaching and Learning
  • Teaching and learning work together
  • Holistic planning is the key to effective learning

36
TECHNOLOGY
37
Teaching and Learning
  • Technology a component of the teaching/learning
    process
  • Educational technology includes resources that
    facilitate teaching/learning
  • This view of technology has evolved
  • Its consistent with evolution of
  • learning theories

38
TECHNOLOGY
  • The systematic application of scientific or
    other organized knowledge to practical tasks.

39
Potential Impacts of Technology
  • Enhance our capabilities more effective
  • Increase our speed more efficient
  • Impact levels of motivation/attitude/vision
  • Thornburg (1999), we have the opportunity to
    use technologies in ways that support modern
    pedagogical thought devoted to the premise that
    all students are capable of learning, even if the
    pathways for each learner are different. (cited
    in ONeil Perez, pg. xiv)

40
Educational Technology
  • A Historical Overview
  • Began in the early 1900s with movies
  • Slides, radio, sound recordings were added in the
    1920s-1930s
  • Television drove audio-visuals in the 1950s

41
Educational Technology
  • A Historical Overview
  • 1960s A-V expanded to a broader systems view
  • 1970s educational technology redefined and
    expanded further to include all technologies
  • 1980s educational technology entered the Digital
    Age

42
Educational Technology
  • Today
  • Holistic view
  • All media and systems that support
    teaching/learning
  • Teachers must decide how to best utilize
    technology

43
Holistic View of Teaching, Learning, and
Technology
44
Educational Technology
  • Change in educational philosophy of what
    constitutes basic skills
  • No longer just three Rs
  • Learning to learn skills essential
  • Lifelong learning

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