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Documentation for Maintenance

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Title: Organization Designation Authorization (ODA) Author: Ron Martineau Last modified by: Petrucci, Anthony P Created Date: 3/6/2001 7:11:41 PM Document ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Documentation for Maintenance


1
Documentation for Maintenance
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
Chapter 5
2
THIS DAY IN AVIATION
  • February 25
  • 1784 The first balloon flight made in Italy
    takes place from the grounds of a villa owned by
    Chevalier Paul Andreani near Milan and uses a
    modified Montgolfière hot air design built by the
    brothers Charles and Augustin Gerli.

3
THIS DAY IN AVIATION
  • February 25
  • 1929 The world's first major air evacuation
    comes to an end when Britain's Royal Air Force
    (RAF) flies out the last of 586 civilians from
    Kabul to the safety to India.
  • The airlift involves nationals of about 20
    countries.

4
THIS DAY IN AVIATION
  • February 25
  • 1930 Ralph O'Neil lands in Miami on the first
    mail service of America airline New York, Rio and
    Buenos Aires Line (NYRBA) between Buenos Aires
    and New York after a difficult 6-day flight from
    Argentina.

5
THIS DAY IN AVIATION
  • February 25
  • 1933 USS Ranger, aircraft carrier, launched at
    Newport News, Virginia.

6
THIS DAY IN AVIATION
  • February 25
  • 1945 USAAF Boeing B-29 Superfortresses begin
    incendiary raids on Japan 1,667 tons of fire
    bombs destroy 15 square miles of Tokyo.

7
THIS DAY IN AVIATION
  • February 25
  • 1970 TWA becomes the first airline to fly a
    Jumbo Jet within the United States, when it
    inaugurates a Boeing 747 service between Los
    Angeles and New York.

8
THIS DAY IN AVIATION
  • February 25
  • 1990 Smoke-free flights become mandatory
    throughout North America for all United States
    airlines.

9
Questions / Comments
10
Chapter 5 QuizDocumentation for Maintenance
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
Chapter 5
11
Questions / Comments
12
Documentation for Maintenance
  • Introduction (Types of Documentation)
  • Manufacturers Documentation
  • Regulatory Documentation
  • Airline Documentation
  • ATA Document Standards
  • A Closer Look at the TPPM
  • Summary

13
Introduction
  • Chapter focuses on documentation that identifies
    the aircraft, its systems, and the work to be
    done on them.
  • Controlled Documents
  • Used for operation and/or maintenance of the
    aircraft in accordance with FAA regulations
  • Have limited distribution within airline and
    require regular revisions and must include list
    of revisions, active and rescinded page numbers
    in document
  • Noncontrolled Documents
  • Furnished by airline and manufacturer

14
Manufacturers Documentation
  • Manufacturers Documentation
  • Airplane Maintenance Manual
  • Component Maintenance Manuals
  • Vendor Manuals
  • Fault Isolation Manual
  • Fault Reporting Manual
  • Illustrated Parts Catalog
  • Storage and Recovery Document
  • Structural Repair Manual
  • Maintenance Planning Data Document
  • Schematic Diagram Manual
  • Wiring Diagram Manual
  • Master Minimum Equipment List (MMEL)
  • Dispatch Deviation Guide
  • Configuration Deviation List
  • Task Cards
  • Service Bulletins
  • Service Letters
  • Maintenance Tips

15
Airplane Maintenance Manual (AMM)
  • Contains the basic information on the operation
    and maintenance of the aircraft and its on-board
    equipment
  • Explanation of how each system and subsystems
    work
  • Basic Maintenance and Servicing action such as
    RR of LRUs
  • Functional Tests, Operational Tests, Adjustments,
    Replenishing of fluids and other servicing tasks

16
Component and Vendor Manuals
  • Component and vendor manuals are for components
    that are to be removed for maintenance in the
    shop
  • The manuals provide same type of information on
    components that the AMM provides for aircraft and
    its systems

17
Fault Isolation Manuals
  • Contains a set of isolation trees for the purpose
    of pinpointing and fixing numerous problems
    related to the various systems and components on
    the aircraft.

18
Fault Reporting Manual
  • Used by Flight Crew to provide maintenance with
    advanced warning of malfunctions and an
    indication of where to begin looking for a
    solution prior to aircrafts arrival.
  • Identifies their problem using a series of
    questions and diagrams of system operation and
    instrument indication
  • Leads to 8 digit code used by maintenance to
    determine solution

19
Illustrated Parts Catalog
  • Produced by the airframe manufacturer and
    includes lists and location diagram of all parts
    used on the aircraft model
  • Provides information on location, part numbers,
    vendors, interchangeability of parts

20
Storage and Recovery Document
  • Info on maintenance and servicing of aircraft
    that are to be out of service and stored for a
    long period of time
  • Procedures for draining fluids, moving aircraft
    so the tires will not go flat, and protecting
    components from the weather

21
Structural Repair Manual
  • Contains information for certain repairs of the
    aircraft structure
  • These simple repairs are approved by FAA to be
    completed by the operator
  • Other repairs must be done by the airframe
    manufacturer or some other FAA designated repair
    facility

22
Maintenance Planning Data Document
  • Provides the airline operator with a list of
    maintenance and servicing tasks to be performed
    on the aircraft
  • Tasks are divided into groupings
  • Daily, Transit, Letter Checks, Hourly Limits,
    Cycle Limits
  • Tasks are divided into Letter Checks
  • Hours, cycles, and calendar time

23
Schematic Diagram Manual
  • Contains diagrams of the electrical, electronic,
    and hydraulic systems
  • Can be block diagram and often contain detailed
    diagrams
  • Wiring harnesses, connectors, and interfacing
    equipment

24
Wiring Diagram Manual
  • Shows the complete run of wiring, including cable
    bundle numbers and routing, plug and connector
    numbers and locations, bulkheads, and other
    structural elements through which the wiring is
    routed.

25
Master Minimum Equipment List (MMEL)
  • Identifies the equipment which may be degraded or
    inoperative
  • Systems that the flight crew may agree to accept
    in a degraded or inoperative condition as long
    as it is fixed in a prescribed time limit set by
    the MMEL
  • Contains information on all equipment available
    on the aircraft model to which it applies

26
Dispatch Deviation Guide
  • MMEL items that require maintenance prior to
    deferral and dispatch
  • May need to pull and placard certain circuit
    breakers, disconnect power, tie up loose cables
    for removed equipment, and various other actions
    to secure aircraft and the systems against
    inadvertent operation

27
Configuration Deviation List (CDL)
  • Involves configuration of the aircraft rather
    than systems and equipment
  • Provides information on panels, fairings, and
    similar variations in configuration that be
    nonstandard at dispatch as long as it does not
    affect the safety of flight

28
Task Cards
  • Certain tasks for removal/installation, testing,
    servicing, and similar maintenance items are
    produced on separate cards or sheets so that a
    mechanic can perform the action without taking
    the whole manual

29
Service Bulletins, Service Letters, and
Maintenance Tips
  • SB is a modification of a system that will
    provide improved safety or operation of a system
    and includes detailed description of the work and
    parts required.
  • SL provides information to improve maintenance
    actions without equipment modification
  • Maintenance tip is suggestion to assist in their
    work or improve conditions

30
Regulatory Documentation
  • Federal Aviation Regulations (FARs)
  • Advisory Circulars
  • Airworthiness Directives
  • Notice of Proposed Rule Making (NPRM)

31
Federal Aviation Regulations (FARs)
  • Federal laws are collected in a document called
    the code of federal regulations (CFRs)
  • Laws for commercial aviation are under title 14
    of this code aeronautics and space parts 1
    through 200
  • Certification and operation of large, commercial
    aircraft are part 121
  • Noted as 14 CFR 121

32
Advisory Circulars (ACs)
  • A document to provide the means, but not the
    only means of complying with a regulation
  • Allows leeway in how regulations are to be met
    without micro managining the operator

33
Airworthiness Directives (ADs)
  • Substantial regulations issued by the FAA to
    correct unsafe conditions that exist in a product
    (aircraft, aircraft engine, propeller, or
    appliance)
  • Aircraft owners / operators are required to
    maintain the aircraft in compliance with all ADs
  • AD include
  • Description of the condition the product to
    which the AD applies corrective action required
    date of compliance where to get additional
    information information on alternative methods
    of compliance if applicable

34
Notice of Proposed Rule Making (NPRM)
  • FAA issues in advance of FAR in advance in order
    for the industry to have ample time to study and
    comment on the proposed rule change.

35
Airline Generated Documentation
  • Operation Specifications
  • Technical Policies and Procedures Manual
  • Inspection Manual
  • Reliability Program Manual
  • Minimum Equipment List
  • Task Cards
  • Engineering Orders

36
Operations Specifications (Ops Specs)
  • Required for each aircraft type flown
  • Details the airlines maintenance, inspection,
    and operations programs

37
Technical Policies and Procedures Manual (TPPM)
  • Usually written by engineering
  • Defines how all Maintenance and Engineering
    functions should be carried out

38
Inspection Manual
  • Contents relate to all inspection activities
    within ME
  • Mechanic inspections
  • QC Inspection tasks
  • Special Inspections (hard landings, bird strikes,
    etc)
  • Airlines required inspection item (RII) program
  • The paperwork, forms, and reports required to
    carry out these functions

39
Quality Assurance Manual (QA)
  • Defines the duties and responsibilities of the QA
    department and defines the processes and
    procedures used in the annual quality assurance
    audits
  • Forms used and reports are also covered along
    with the procedures for the follow-up and
    enforcement of QA write-ups

40
Reliability Program Manual
  • Defines the relaibility program in detail so that
    the FAA can evaluate and approve all its elements
    at one time.

41
Minimum Equipment List (MEL)
  • Is a customizable MMEL for the owner/operators
    particular airframe/engine configuration
  • Must carry copies in each aircraft for flight
    crew reference

42
Task Cards
  • Produced by the manufacturer for usually one
    action
  • Simplifies tasks
  • Engineering section responsible for creating
    cards to ensure technical accuracy

43
Engineering Orders (EO)
  • Maintenance work not covered in the standard
    maintenance plan developed by engineering
  • The EO must be issued as a work order

44
ATA Document Standards
  • ATA Standard Chapter Numbers (pg 66)
  • ATA Airplane Maintenance Manual Page Block
    Assignments (pg 68 70)

45
Closer Look at TPPM
  • Purpose of the TPPM is to identify all aspects of
    the maintenance and engineering organization
  • Identification of key personnel, descriptions of
    their job functions and their qualifications
  • Definition of the operators philosophy and goals
  • Layout drawings and maps of the maintenance
    facilities including shops, ramps, and other
    significant buildings and areas related to
    maintenance activities
  • Specific items IAW FAA regulations,
  • Controlled document refer to pgs 71 - 73

46
Documentation for Maintenance
  • Introduction (Types of Documentation)
  • Manufacturers Documentation
  • Regulatory Documentation
  • Airline Documentation
  • ATA Document Standards
  • A Closer Look at the TPPM
  • Summary

47
Questions?
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