Regional Responses to Air Quality and Climate Change: The Northeast Association of State Transportation Officials (NASTO) Perspective - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

About This Presentation
Title:

Regional Responses to Air Quality and Climate Change: The Northeast Association of State Transportation Officials (NASTO) Perspective

Description:

Title: 2008 Report to NASTO Board Author: Robert Kaiser Last modified by: rkaiser Created Date: 5/21/2008 3:07:35 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:267
Avg rating:3.0/5.0

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Regional Responses to Air Quality and Climate Change: The Northeast Association of State Transportation Officials (NASTO) Perspective


1
Regional Responses to Air Quality and Climate
ChangeThe Northeast Association of State
Transportation Officials (NASTO) Perspective
  • Presented to the 5th Mid-Atlantic Regional
    Planning Roundtable
  • Friday, November 7, 2008
  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Michael Baker Chairman, NASTO Air Quality
Committee Pennsylvania Department of
Transportation michaelba_at_state.pa.us
2
Presentation Outline
  1. NASTO
  2. Regional Issues
  3. NASTO State Examples
  4. Summary

3
Who / What is NASTO???
  • Members
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • Ontario
  • Pennsylvania
  • Quebec
  • Rhode Island
  • Vermont

4
NASTO Mission
  • Advancement of transportation policies and
    practices beneficial to the Northeast Region of
    the U.S. and the Eastern Provinces of Canada.
  • Focal point for discussion and research on
    transportation issues of interest to members.
  • Strong emphasis on promoting cooperation and
    partnership.

5
Selected NASTO Member Examples
6
Delaware
  • Situation
  • Tidal coastline of 381 miles 357 miles on the
    Delaware Bay.
  • Since 1900
  • Sea level rose 12 inches in the 1900s, Forecast
    another 23 inches by 2100.
  • Avg. temperature up 1.9º F Precipitation up 10
  • Impacts
  • Flooding Emergency Evacuation Routes, local
    roads
  • Travel disruptions
  • Higher levels of ground level ozone and other
    photochemical pollutants
  • Increase in roadway incidents due to storms.

7
DE Climate Action Plan
  • Initiated 1998 via Climate Change Consortium.
  • DE Energy Office w/ US EPA, Univ. of DE.
  • Base year and future year forecasts.
  • Unchecked, DE CO2 emissions would increase 22
    from 1988 to 2010 (to 20 MMT).
  • Adopted a GHG reduction target.
  • 7 below the 1990 base year by 2010 (23
    reduction by 2010)

8
Effects of Sea Level Rise on Land Area
  • By 2100 if GHG unchecked
  • Loss of red and orange areas.
  • Impact land use, coastal roadway network.
  • Increased salinity in Delaware Bay salt water
    intrusion
  • Paved surfaces roadway failures.
  • Agricultural losses.
  • Water supply issues.

9
Effects of Sea Level Rise on Land Area
(contd)
  • Three main evacuation routes partially or
    completely submerged by 100 year flood events.
  • Improve infrastructure.
  • Add/modify evacuation routes plans.
  • Increased frequency and duration of storms
  • Increased likelihood of coastal flooding events.
  • More accidents/incidents.
  • Retrofit drainage system.

10
DelDOT Plans
  • Inventory flood-prone bridges roadways.
  • Develop action plan for necessary improvements.
  • Infrastructure Sensors
  • Monitor physical condition shifts in climate.
  • Rethink Transportation Design Standards
  • Increase drainage capacity for projects.
  • Develop heat resistant materials / standards for
    bridges and roadways.
  • Land Use / Transportation
  • Avoid vulnerable locations.

11
District of Columbia
  • Through Metro Washington Council of Govts.
  • Regional Climate Change Steering Cmte (April
    2007)
  • Regional GHG Inventory
  • ID Best Practices Policies
  • Examine Impacts
  • Recommend GHG Reduction Goals
  • Recommend Governance Structures for CC
  • Propose Advocacy Positions
  • Public Comment in Process for Draft Report (July
    2008)

12
District of Columbia
  • MWCOG Draft Report Recommendations
  • GHG Reduction Goals
  • 10 below BAU by 2010
  • 20 below 2005 by 2020
  • 80 below 2005 by 2050
  • Transportation Measures Recommended
  • Reduce VMT Smart Growth
  • Alternative fuels Tree Canopy
  • Fuel Efficiency Comprehensive Planning
  • Finance Outreach

13
District of Columbia
  • Petition to join Regional Greenhouse Gas
    Initiative (RGGI)
  • Clean Cars Act of 2008 (dep. on EPA waiver to CA)
  • Green Building Act of 2006
  • LEED Silver for city projects gt 10,000 SF
  • 09 - 11 Green Building Checklist for private
    commercial projects gt 50,000 SF
  • 12 LEED Silver standard for private
    commercial projects gt 50,000 SF

14
District of Columbia
  • Green Jobs Program
  • Leverage green job training, job placement
    contract opportunities
  • Clean Affordable Energy Act of 2008
  • Sustainable / Renewable Energy Sources - 20 by
    2020
  • Energy Efficiency Retrofits
  • Green Collar Workforce Development

15
D.C. Ongoing Efforts
  • D.C. Green Agenda
  • Joined Climate Registry (June 2006)
  • Joined Mayors Climate Protection Agreement, US
    Conference of Mayors (Jan 2007)
  • GHG inventory 2005 base year
  • Establishing baseline for reductions with ICLEI
  • Energy Audits of all facilities in progress
  • Green Roofs
  • Tree Planting Program

16
Maryland
  • MD Climate Change Commission (convened 2008)
  • Long term effort w/ annual reports.
  • Recommend goals, actions, timetable actions to
    Governor, Legislature
  • Major MD concerns
  • Rise of coastal waters
  • Loss of aquatic life (impacts to oysters,
    rockfish and the bay ecosystem)
  • Potential for extreme weather conditions
  • Subtropical Chesapeake Bay
  • More ..

17
Maryland
  • 4,360 miles of tidal shoreline.
  • Avg. temperature in College Park increased 2.4
    since 1900.
  • Chesapeake Bay Sea level up 1 foot in
    100 yrs.
  • 13 islands already lost.
  • Sea level projected to rise additional 2 3 feet
    by 2100.

18
Current MDOT Measures with GHG Reductions
  • MD Clean Car (dep. on EPA waiver to CA)
  • On-Going VMT Reduction Strategies
  • -- Park and Ride -- GRH
  • -- Transit Expansion -- Ridesharing
  • -- Telecommuting -- Bike/Ped Projects
  • On-Going Emission Reduction Strategies (Non-VMT
    Based)
  • -- Idling reductions -- Bio-diesel
  • -- ITS -- Tree Planting
  • -- Clean Diesel Locomotives -- Hybrid Buses
  • -- Truck Stop Electrification

19
Transportation / Land Use
Policy Options
  • VMT Reduction Measures
  • Land Use and Location Efficiency (Including VMT
    Reduction Goals)
  • Transit
  • Intercity Travel Aviation, Rail, Bus
  • Pay-as-you-drive Insurance
  • Bike / Ped Infrastructure
  • Pricing Measures (Including Carbon Fuel Tax)
  • Evaluate GHG Impacts of Projects
  • Reduce Carbon per Unit of Fuel
  • Low GHG Fuel Standard (not recommended for
    immediate implementation)
  • Reduce Carbon per Mile and/or per Hour
  • Vehicle Technologies

20
Preliminary Total Reduction Goals (below 2006
emissions)
  • Consideration expected in 2008 Legislative
    Session
  • Goals
  • Measures
  • Timeframes
  • Commission Annual Report each November.

2012 10
2015 15
2020 25 - 50
2050 90
21
New Jersey
  • Global Warming Response Act
  • Signed by Governor Jon S. Corzine on July 6,
    2007.
  • Targets
  • 1990 levels by 2020.
  • 80 below 2006 levels by 2050.
  • NJDEP lead on GHG Plan
  • NJDOT and Other departments collaborating.
  • Plan under development.

22
NJ Potential Transport Strategies
  • Vehicle Efficiency
  • LEV Vehicle Program (dep. on EPA waiver to CA)
  • Incentives for Purchase/Use of Highly Efficient
    Vehicles.
  • Green the State-Owned Fleet.
  • Diesel Idling Infrastructure Alternatives.
  • Encourage Efficient Trucks.

23
NJ Potential Transport Strategies
  • Carbon Intensity of Fuels
  • Low Carbon Fuel Standard.
  • Promote Residential Equipment to Facilitate and
    Support the Non-Liquid Transport Fuels.
  • CNG
  • Electric

24
NJ Potential Transport Strategies
  • VMT Reduction Targets
  • VMT Target Annual VMT Growth lt 1
  • Green VMT Target
  • 50 percent of the overall NJ VMT by green
    vehicles by 2020.
  • Green Vehicles CA GHG score 9 or better
  • ( 239 grams/mile CO2 e)

25
NJ Potential Transport Strategies
  • Additional Transportation Strategies
  • Maintain Existing Transit, Expand Capacity.
  • Traffic Management
  • Green Corridors Pilot Study
  • Strengthen, expand Commuter Option Programs
  • Invest in freight rail infrastructure
  • Implement Rail Shuttle Projects
  • Shift some freight movements from trucks to
    rail.

26
New Jersey
  • Challenges and Issues
  • VMT
  • How meet proposed goal ?
  • Metrics
  • Develop effective method to measure Carbon
    Footprint of transportation activities ?
  • Decision Making
  • Weigh GHG vs. other issues (system preservation,
    safety, congestion relief, etc.) in project
    selection ?
  • Financing
  • How incorporate green incentives and long-term
    stability ?

27
New York State
  • General Approach
  • Think Globally, Act Locally
  • Consider Vehicle Technology, Fuels, VMT
  • States have greatest opportunity to affect GHG
    via VMT / Demand Issues
  • Support Vehicle Technology Fuel Improvements
  • Cumulative Effect of Small Actions.

28
New York State
  • Already doing many of these
  • Should do more
  • Quantify improvements
  • Institutionalize energy/climate change awareness
  • Mass transit
  • Emissions reporting
  • Traffic signals
  • Freight management
  • Managed lanes
  • Smart growth/land use
  • Idle reduction
  • Commuter Choice
  • Air quality education
  • Alternative fuels
  • Research

29
New York State
  • NY only state to Report Energy and GHG emissions
    for adoption of TIPs and Long Range Plans
  • Results to Date
  • 11 improvement v. business- as-usual.
  • Examines GHG and Energy in Project Alternative
    Selection
  • Modeling Improvements Needed.

30
New York State
  • Actions
  • Commuter Choice
  • Downstate 30 million / 3 years.
  • AQ Education Outreach
  • 6 million / 4 years
  • 3.13 VMT reduction on AQ Action Days

31
New York State
  • NYSDOT Climate Change/Energy Efficiency Team
  • Goals
  • Reduce energy costs for public
  • Promote energy efficient programs projects
  • Reduce NYSDOTs carbon footprint
  • 5 Workgroups 70 people
  • Transp. Partners
  • NYSDOT Vehicles
  • Fuel
  • Adaptation
  • Outreach

32
New York State
  • Workgroup Recommendations (June 08)
  • Compressed work week NYSDOT employees
  • NYS version of Gulf Coast Study
  • TIP direction to include GHG, CC, energy
  • Involvement with RGGI
  • Collaboration with other agencies
  • NYSDEC, NYSERDA, FHWA, more

33
New York State
  • GHG goal 10 reduction in 10 years
  • Integration with
  • Governors Renewable Fuels Task Force
  • NYSDEC (lead state agency)
  • State Energy Plan Governors Exec. Order

34
Pennsylvania
  • Energy Independence Strategy (2007)
  • Renewable Fuels initiative (650 million)
  • Climate Change Advisory Committee
  • Senate Bill 266 of 2007.
  • Ongoing Energy Efforts.

35
Pennsylvania
  • Initiatives In Place
  • Climate Change Advisory Committee
  • Action plan due Oct 2009 and triennially
    thereafter
  • Include scientific predictions, impacts, economic
    opportunities, mitigation measures
  • PA Clean Car (pend. EPA waiver to CA)
  • HDDV Anti-Idling Regulation
  • State Biofuels Plan (SB 22)
  • Targets for Biodiesel, Cellulostic Ethanol
  • gt U.S. Energy Independence Security Act
    07
  • Local Govt Pilot Grants

36
Pennsylvania
  • PennDOT Ongoing Activities
  • Transit Operations, Capital Support
  • Alt. Fuels for Transit Vehicles
  • TMA Program Encourage Demand Mgmt.
  • CMAQ-funded Projects
  • Alt. fuels, vehicle technology, congestion
    mitigation, transit services vehicles, TDM.
  • Rideshare / Carpool Programs
  • Smart Transportation / Growth
  • Traffic Signal Prioritization
  • Right Sizing

37
Special Thanks
  • Contributors
  • Mark Glaze, DelDOT
  • Howard Simons, MDOT
  • Mark Rawlings, DDOT
  • Andy Swords, NJDOT
  • John Zamurs, NYSDOT
  • Howard Simons, MDOT
  • Bob Kaiser, Michael Baker Jr., Inc.

38
Questions?
  • Michael Baker
  • Chairman, NASTO Air Quality Committee
  • Pennsylvania Department of Transportation
  • michaelba_at_state.pa.us

39
National Issues
  • Greenhouse Gases (CO2 and others) global
    warming, causing climate change.
  • Primarily from fossil fuel consumption.
  • GHG emissions are increasing
  • Partic. electricity transportation.
  • 3 Areas of Concern
  • Mitigation (reduce GHG emissions future impacts)
  • Adaptation (accommodate likely impacts)
  • Science and Research
  • Total overall GHG reductions needed from 1990
    Base to contain CC
  • 10 - 20 by 2020
  • 60 - 80 by 2050

40
National Focus
  • AASHTO Primer on Climate Change
  • AMPO Reports, Articles
  • Transportation Research Board (TRB)
    Reports
  • FHWA and EPA research,
    reports
  • Many other efforts

41
Climate Change Impacts
  • Rising Sea Levels
  • Threaten cities, infrastructure, agriculture,
    habitat.
  • Weather Events - More often frequent
  • Flooding other natural disasters
  • Loss of homes, businesses, infrastructure, land.
  • Significant retrofit effort.
  • Temperature Increases / Weather Changes
  • Agriculture, forestry, species threatened.
  • Infrastructure threats operational costs due to
    heat.

42
GHG Emissions Projections
Gasoline Vehicles
Other Fuels
Electricity
Source US EPA, 2008
43
Transportation GHG Emissions
  • Transportation accounts for
  • 28 of GHG equivalents 33 of CO2
  • Highway vehicles - 78 of transportation GHG
    emissions.

Source 2004 U.S. Sector Emissions of CO2 Energy
Information Agency, Annual Energy Outlook 2005
44
Highway Vehicle CO2 Growth TrendIncludes 2007
Energy Independence Security Act
Sources FHWA, AEO 08, Michael Baker Jr., Inc.
45
Regional Initiatives
  • Activity to date by states and cities

Plus Many MPOs
850 Cities - Mayors Climate Plan
46
NASTO Total State GHG Goals
Jur. Base Yr. Future Yr. Jur. Base Yr. Future Yr.
CT 10 1990 2020 NJ 20 1990 2020
  80 2001 2050   80 2006 2050
DE 7 1990 2010 NY 10 1990 2020
DC 7 1990 2012 ON 6 1990 2014
ME 10 1990 2020   15 1990 2020
  75-85 2004 tbd   80 2001 2050
MD 10 2006 2012 PA CCAC in Process CCAC in Process CCAC in Process
  15 2006 2015 QE 6 1990 2012
  25-50 2006 2020 RI 10 1990 2020
  90 2006 2050   80 2006 tbd
MA 10 1990 2012 VT 25 1990 2012
  75-85 2004 tbd   50 1990 2028
NH 10 1990 2020   75 1990 2050
  75-85 2006 tbd Data as of May 2008 Data as of May 2008 Data as of May 2008 Data as of May 2008
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com