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The Pakistan Earthquake And


The Pakistan Earthquake And A Consortium Background Very high intensity earthquake in northern Pakistan in early October Mountainous region Low Accessibility Poor ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Pakistan Earthquake And

The Pakistan Earthquake And
  • A Consortium

  • Very high intensity earthquake in northern
    Pakistan in early October
  • Mountainous region
  • Low Accessibility
  • Poor Communications
  • Large government, donor, INGO, local NGO and
    individual response

This Presentation
  • Introducing
  • Concept design
  • Business design
  • Some examples of what does
  • Website Tour
  • Successes (Spend less time on this since website
    is public!)
  • Failures (more time on this, because it requires
    insider knowledge)

The (Ideal) Data Response
  • Short-Term (within 48 hours)
  • Geographically linked list of all villages in
    affected areas
  • Protocol for updating damage and relief
  • Medium Term (within 2 months)
  • Damage Reports by geographical area
  • Can be used for geographical targeting
  • Long Term (within 6 months)
  • Updated household census
  • Used for household-level targeting of programs

Why is the short-term response difficultPoint-Cou
  • These are all comments from various people during
    the project
  • Centralized response enough a few big players
  • BUT what about Individuals, NGOs?
  • No time to Plan/Coordinate in the immediate run
  • BUT is coordination really that costly?
  • Communication will take time
  • BUT perceptions matter and spreading information
    is cheap
  • Aggregate information enough
  • BUT hundreds of villages can we guarantee each
  • The World is a flat plain everyone has equal
  • BUT reality very different lots left behind
    Can give voice to the affected
  • Technology use to predict but not much use
  • BUT Pop Data GIS Satellite Imagery in a few
    minutes know magnitude of disaster and where to
  • Accountability will come later/not needed
  • BUT can we really do it later

Typical Information Systems
  • Designed for logistics and coordination within
    organizations (UN HIC is separate from Red Cross
    is separate from MSF)
  • Not accessible to others
  • Do not provide information on all villages
  • Do not update information from individuals
    outside the organization
  • Do not record (and make available) information at
    a level that allows for ex post verification by
    others (village vs. district)

  • Public information and coordination system
  • Step 1 Pre-load site with all available
    information at the village level!
  • Step 2 Allow all agencies and individuals to
    update information, after basic checks
  • Step 3 Collate and continuously update
    information on damage and relief
  • RISEPAK is an enabling environment for

  • Consortium from academia, private sector and The
    World Bank (NOT A BANK PROJECT)
  • Set up within 12 days of earthquake
  • No concept notes, no reviews
  • Field Data collected and collated by volunteers
    at Lahore University of Management Sciences
  • Who also took over long-term management of the

How does work?
  • Give and Take portal
  • Take
  • Pre-Earthquake info on demographics, maps and
    distances available
  • Up-to-date info on access, damage and relief
  • Give
  • Send village info using phone/fax/sms/web
  • Help us by using pre-prepared forms or work with
    ISL team

GIVE Info to Risepak
Relief Providers Do/Gather
Why is different?
  • Uses most recent portal technology to integrate
    demographic, geographical and satellite images
  • Searchable at village level all info is PUBLIC
  • Overlaid with distances from major roads and
  • Continuously updated with information received
    via fax, phone, text-messaging and through
  • 8 hour turnaround

What does do? Examples
  • Pre-Loaded Information on high-risk villages

What does do? Examples
  • Pre-Loaded Information Risk and Accessibility

What does risepak do? Examples
  • Aggregate Data is NOT enough
  • Many villages in every district and even in every
  • 627 in Muzaffarabad District (387 in Tehsil)
  • 494 in Mansehra District (258 in Tehsil)

Damage varies across villages in same district
And even in the same tehsil
You can plan where to go
Smaller relief-organizations may want to go to
small villages close to the epicenter first
(green) larger organizations to big villages
close to the epicenter. To see which ones these
are, go to village info
Risepak was set up (and works) as a network
What does do? Examples
  • Information within a week

What does do? Examples
  • Information within a week

What does do? Examples
  • A Valuable Accountability Tool

All data at the level of the Village
  • A tour of the website (

How do I search for a village? Keyword Search
  • Click on Village Info on the left
  • Enter the name of the village, patwar circle,
    tehsil, district or province in the search box
  • Tick the entry category below
  • Click Search
  • Click on Detailed Results for more information

How do I search for a village? Village Identifier
  • The Village Identifier Search allows you to pick
    each admin level individually
  • Choose province, district, tehsil, patwar circle
    or village
  • If you choose a district, the tehsil field will
    show all the tehsils, patwar circles and villages
    in the tehsil
  • Choose a village directly, or narrow down your
    search further
  • Click Detailed results for more information

How do I add new information?
  • Go to Add New Information
  • If your message is about a specific village
  • Enter the name of the village using the keyword
    search or village identifier search
  • Enter your message
  • Your message will be posted within 8 hours
  • If your message is a general message
  • Click on general message
  • Your message will be posted within 8 hours

How else can I send in info?
  • Call 0301-4573534
  • SMS 0301-4573531 0301-4573532
  • Send us an e-mail
  • Fax 042-5894990

How do I use the maps?
  • Look at overview maps to get an idea of each
  • Use the zoom maps (labeled by the main city in
    NWFP and called Zoom1, Zoom2 etc.) to locate
    individual patwar circles
  • Use the village info to find what villages are in
    which patwar circle

How do I use the Bulletin Board
  • Click on Bulletin Board
  • See messages that have been posted
  • To see messages only in one category (or multiple
    categories) choose the categories
  • Specific village messages also link back to
    village info

What makes this portal a success?
  • Give and Take Village-level information
  • Check in frequently for updated information to
    help plan and coordinate relief effort
  • Send damage and relief reports from the field
  • Help ensure no village is left behind

RISEPAK successes
  • Vast use as a provider of information for all
    relief groups
  • Locations of villages
  • Maps of village areas
  • Updated information on 1220 of 2500 affected
    villages (examples here)
  • Received more than 1800 bulletin board posts
    (examples here)

Risepak successes
  • Got relief agencies to think about data and
    recording relief
  • Smaller agencies received higher donations once
    they started posting
  • (No success with larger organizations)
  • Accountability and evidence-based policy came on
    the radar screen
  • And continues with the reports

RISEPAK Failures Obtaining Information
  • Hard to get information from relief-organizations
  • Critical work in the field by the LUMS team
  • Managed to get large number of organizations to
    record information at the village-level
  • Great success with smaller organizations, no
    success at all with larger ones (UN, WFP do not
    keep such data and do not know where the relief
    has gone)

Risepak failures The village as the level of
data recording
  • Village is the right unit to look at
  • Small Variation within Villages
  • Easy to locate villages given names by relief
  • Received relief and damage information on 2300
  • BUT could match only 1220 to our database

Historical Context
  • What is a village in Pakistan
  • History A pargana is a former administrative
    unit used primarily by Muslim kingdoms,
    introduced by the Delhi Sultanate,
  • A Paragana is a revenue unit consisting of
    several mauzas, which are the smallest revenue
    units, consisting of one or more villages and the
    surrounding countryside.
  • India had land reform
  • Pakistan did not Census data village is
    actually a mauza or a revenue village

So Whats a Revenue Village Basantkot
The Problem
  • Received posts saying we gave relief in
    Jabarseri, but we have no Jabarseri in the
  • One Month spent going around various agencies who
    could give settlements but to no avail
  • Population Census Organization
  • Surveyor Generals Office

Can Geo Codes Help
  • Perhaps!
  • One month spent creating combined list of
    geocodes from various sources
  • Piet Buys put in lots of genius work

The Initial Data
The Cleaned Data
But Polygons Versus Points!
Cannot Tell Even with Geo codes
Next Steps with RISEPAK
  • Geographically linking information using google
  • KML files and google-earth capability
  • Make system easy to hack into
  • Problems in generating uniform locations
  • Picture of Basantkot to illustrate problem
  • Coordination between PCO, NADRA, Surveyor General

Next Steps with RISEPAK
  • Updating all damage information for every village
    based on household census
  • Put together by Tara Vishwanath and team under WB
    cash grant program
  • Thankless job before it is done
  • Invaluable once it is completed
  • Fast becoming the most important data source for
    all agencies

Next Steps with RISEPAK
  • A Social Update and Audit
  • Using the risepak setup
  • Volunteers choose villages and report back using
    simple web-based form

Lessons Learnt
  • Contrary to usual perceptions this is not hard to
  • Requires body of data collated before hand
  • Requires business model to be clarified (cannot
    run on volunteers for ever)
  • Hardest bit is getting the donors to coordinate
  • And be willing to make information available
  • This should be a legal mandate for all disaster

Lessons Learnt (Technical)
  • What a village is may differ widely across
    countries and contexts
  • Critical in a disaster scenario, but even with
    census data, relief cannot really be identified
  • (Unless everyone goes with the list of villages
    in the database)
  • Geo codes help to some extent, but not completely
  • Question How should census data identifiers be

Lessons Learnt (Personal)
  • Buy family members lots of flowers and try to
    spend 1 hour with them every fortnight if you are
    working on a disaster
  • Do not agree to do anything else.)