Comprehensive family assessment as a prerequisite of individualized planning, monitoring and evaluation of family-visitation program in Croatia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Comprehensive family assessment as a prerequisite of individualized planning, monitoring and evaluation of family-visitation program in Croatia PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 57114d-YjRmZ



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Comprehensive family assessment as a prerequisite of individualized planning, monitoring and evaluation of family-visitation program in Croatia

Description:

Comprehensive family assessment as a prerequisite of individualized planning, monitoring and evaluation of family-visitation program in Croatia – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:177
Avg rating:3.0/5.0

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Comprehensive family assessment as a prerequisite of individualized planning, monitoring and evaluation of family-visitation program in Croatia


1
Comprehensive family assessment as a prerequisite
of individualized planning, monitoring and
evaluation of family-visitation program in
Croatia   Professor Marina Ajdukovic, Ph.D,
psychologist Professor Antonia Žižak, Ph.D,
special educator   University of
Zagreb and  UNICEF Croatia
2
Background   Deinstitution
alization of public care for children is among
the most important priorities in Croatia in the
area of social care for children.   Among the
total of 3.148 children in alternative care due
to insufficient parental care 54,5 are placed in
foster families and 46,5 live in children
homes.   Goal 80 of children in alternative
care placed in foster families.
3
Paths of deinstitutionalization of the
out-of-home care for
children   Efficient early ?
Deinstitutionalization ? Good quality
fostering in interventions families
  ?   Work with parents while child is in
out-of-home care  
4
Early interventions in families   The
Family Law provides two measures for the
protection of the rights and well-being of the
child (1) Warning the parents about
shortcomings in their care for and upbringing of
a child and helping them to remedy the
shortcomings through counseling and parent
training (2) Monitoring and supervision of
parental care through home visitation in cases
when shortcomings in care for the child are
multiple and frequent or when the parents need
particular care in the upbringing of the child.
The centre for social work determine the
monitoring/supervision program for the child and
the parents, and appoints the person who will
carry out this program (family supervisor).
5
Monitoring/supervision of parental care through
home visitation Overview
  • Number of cases of monitoring/supervision of
    parental care in the period of last five years
    was between 2.344 and 2.261.
  • Family supervisors (N81) reported that greatest
    obstacles in implementation of monitoring/supervis
    ion program were
  • lack of cooperation by parents and their poor
    motivation for change (23)
  • resistance to the measure (21)
  • lack of insight into own problems and behaviors
    (13)
  • breech of agreements (11).

6
Monitoring/supervision of parental care through
home visitation Obstacles
  • Standardized procedures and instruments are not
    used for needs assessment
  • Monitoring/supervision programs are typically
    too general, not individualized nor developed
    based on the good assessment they are directed
    primarily to risks and failures without review of
    parents' strengths
  • Programs are made without participation and
    cooperation of the parents
  • The change is/was needed

7
Project cooperating institutions
  • Ministry of Health and Social Welfare
  •  
  • Department of Social Work, Faculty of Law
  •  
  • UNICEF Croatia project implementing agency

8
Framework of project values
  • Every child has the right that his/her family
    gets high quality, focused, multidimensional and
    timely assistance, in order to avoid placement in
    alternative care.
  • If the child has to be placed in alternative
    care for her/his best interests, to provide
    adequate assistance for strengthening parental
    capacities and to provide adequate circumstances
    for return of the child into the family.

9
Project goals
  • Develop criteria for assessing and monitoring
    competencies and potential for change of parents
    whose children are at risk to be taken out of the
    family and for parents whose children are already
    placed in alternative care.
  • Advance the concept (contents) and
    implementation (methods) of monitoring/supervision
    of parental care.
  • Expand the range of early interventions for
    families under risk for placing children into
    alternative care, such as day care for children,
    group work with parents, one-time workshops with
    parents, modeling of parental behaviors, etc.

10
Project dimensions
  • Action project direct work with families and
    children under risk for placement in public care
    and families where the children have already been
    taken out of families.
  • Developmental project development of a model
    of more effective work in the area of early
    and/or targeted interventions with families with
    children at risk.
  • Community project working towards development
    of a local community as a context for social
    interventions with families at risk, including
    development of a local team of professionals

11
Project implementation
  • The project was carried out in four centres for
    social work during 12 months through
  • First three-day educational seminar followed
    by
  • Practical assignments related to the content of
    the training
  • Two supervision sessions
  • Second two-day educational seminar followed by
  • Practical assignments related to the content of
    the training
  • Three supervision sessions
  • Third two-day educational seminar followed by
  • Practical assignments related to the content of
    the training
  • Three supervision sessions
  • One-day consultation with the project team
  •  External evaluation

12
New professional concepts
  •   Concept of early interventions for family at
    risk for child/children separation
  • Comprehensive family assessment
  • Family empowerment and collaborative approach

13
Expected outcomes
  • Guidelines for comprehensive family assessment,
    including child risk assessment
  • Development of a set of assessment tools
  • Guidelines for planning and carrying out
    family-visitation program based on
  • Comprehensive family assessment
  • Development of individualized program of change
  • Criteria for monitoring and evaluation
  • ? Skilled professionals providing better quality
    services for families in need

14
Comprehensive family assessment (1)
  • Comprehensive family assessment (CFA) is the
    process of identifying, gathering, and assessing
    the importance of information to understand the
    significant factors affecting the child's safety,
    permanency planning, and well-being, the parental
    protective capacities, and family availability to
    assure the safety and well-being of their
    children.
  •  
  • The purpose of CFA is to develop a service plan
    or a strategy for intervention that addresses the
    major factors affecting a child's well-being,
    safety, and permanency over time.

15
Comprehensive family assessment (2)
  • Begins with the first contact with a family and
    continues until the "case" is closed
  • Must be completed in partnership with families,
    children and youth and in collaboration with
    other community partners the staff must be
    trained to engage family in that work
  • Must identify individual and family strengths
    and protective factors
  • Is a process and has to be updated whenever
    major changes in family circumstances occur and
    at the points of key decision-making on a case.

16
Areas of assessment - Parents
  • Background and history of the parents or
    caregivers including history of abuse and neglect
  • Problems in accessing basic necessities such as
    employment, housing, income, child care
  • Ability to recognize problems and accept
    responsibility, motivation for change
  • Patterns of social interactions, including the
    characteristics of social support networks
  • Parenting practices (understanding of child
    development and/or emotional needs of children,
    methods of disciplining and supervising children)
  • Behaviors/conditions associated with domestic
    violence, mental illness, physical health,
    disabilities, alcohol and drug abuse.

17
Areas of assessment Children
  • Information relevant for assessment of child
    safety and well-being.
  • Depending on specific context information can be
    related to
  • Health
  • Intellectual and cognitive functioning
  • Academic achievements
  • Emotional and social functioning
  • Attachment patterns
  • Vulnerability/ability to communicate and
    protect themselves
  • Developmental needs.

18
List of assessment tools
  • 16 assessment tools identified as a part of CFA
    guidelines
  • Three of them are locally developed and other
    were translated international instruments
  • The assessment tools cover broader spectrum -
    from assessment for family stress, parental
    stress, risk for child abuse, family strengths,
    level of meeting child's needs, attachment
    patterns family embeddedness in community, etc.
  • Important!!!
  • When using instruments the risk of "social
    technology" should be avoided.

19
Internal evaluation (1)
  • The project had positive effects on increase of
    professional competency of participants, their
    understanding of family in crisis improved, and
    they started to involve parents as collaborative
    partners more often.
  • Most important changes in their practice
  • Use of comprehensive family assessment
  • Collaborative work with parents as active
    participants in all phases from needs assessment
    to evaluation of each activity
  • Development of plans according jointly defined
    priorities
  • Use of concrete short term action plans
  •  

20
Internal evaluation (2)
  • 95,2 of the trainees were very satisfied with
    having participated in the project and suggest
    dissemination of the project outcomes to the
    whole professional community.
About PowerShow.com