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To revise our understanding of verb tenses.

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Title: Verbs. What is a verb? Author: Lindsay Last modified by: TUirwan Created Date: 10/5/2004 6:43:49 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: To revise our understanding of verb tenses.


1
To revise our understanding of verb tenses.
  • To investigate spelling rules that are used in
    verb changes.

2
Verbs. What is a verb?
  • A verb is a word which describes the action in a
    sentence (the doing word)
  • Examples
  • I play football.
  • They skip quickly.
  • We eat spaghetti.
  • Bob is seven today.

3
Can you spot the words which are verbs?
sun
pink
happy
pig
jump
One way to check if a word is a verb is to see if
it can be changed
sit
cup
4
Changing verbs. Verb Tenses
  • Verb tenses describe WHEN the action is
    happening.
  • PRESENT (its happening NOW.)
  • PAST (its ALREADY happened.)
  • FUTURE (its ABOUT to happen.)

5
Present tense to past tense
  • The following sentences are written in the
    present tense. Try changing them to the past
    tense by putting Yesterday at the beginning of
    each.
  • I walk to school.
  • They jump the rope.
  • Bob looks at the bug.
  • I play football.

Which word in each sentence changes?
How have the verbs changed?
6
How did you do?
  • Yesterday I walked to school.
  • Yesterday they jumped quickly.
  • Yesterday Bob looked at the bug.
  • Yesterday I played football.

Is there a spelling pattern connecting the
changes to these verbs?
7
Most verbs just need ed
  • walk
  • jump
  • look
  • play
  • walked
  • jumped
  • looked
  • played

8
Spot the pattern
  • Put these sentences into the past.
  • Think how the verbs would alter this time.
  • She hops over the cracks.
  • The cow skips over the moon.
  • I bat the ball in the garden.
  • You tap on the window.

9
How did you do?
  • She hopped over the cracks.
  • The cow skipped over the moon.
  • I batted the ball in the garden.
  • You tapped on the window.

How have these words altered?
10
What have these words in common?
  • hop
  • skip
  • bat
  • tap
  • hopped
  • skipped
  • batted
  • tapped

11
Similar words. Different rules
  • tap/ tape
  • hop/ hope
  • I always tape my favourite TV shows.
  • We hope we win the race.

hope tape
hoped taped
12
Ending in y
  • I try to make all my letters join.
  • When I hurt myself I cry.
  • For breakfast I fry some eggs.
  • I carry the register to the office.

13
The y changes to
  • I try to make all my letters join.
  • When I hurt myself I cry.
  • For breakfast I fry some eggs.
  • I carry the register to the office.

try cry fry carry
tried cried fried carried
14
To investigate spelling rules that are used in
verb tense changes.
  • Match the rule to each set of words. (or
    Challenge can you write your own rules?)
  • Think of more examples that use these rules.
  • Write your own rules for verbs ending in e, in x.

15
Plenary. What are the rules?
marry married try tried spy
spied
cook cooked play played jump
jumped
hug hugged stop stopped grab
grabbed
Double the final consonant and add ed
Most words Add ed
Change y to i then add ed
save saved bake baked tape taped
fix fixed mix mixed box boxed
16
To understand and spell irregular verbs.
  • To develop our understanding of standard English

17
A quick recap and challenge
  • Write the past tense versions of these verbs.

wait
waited
pack
packed
stop
stopped
pot
potted
try
tried
married
marry
keep
kept
give
gave
18
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19
Odd bods. Look at the next sentences. Can you
place these in the past? Be careful!
  • Jack and Jill go up the hill.
  • Thomas finds the mouse.
  • Lucy does her homework after school.
  • Bo Peep sits on her sheep.

20
How did you do?
  • Jack and Jill went up the hill.
  • Thomas found the mouse.
  • Lucy did her homework after school.
  • Bo Peep sat on her sheep.

Irregular verbs can be tricky to learn. You might
hear people at school using the add ed rule to
irregular verbs.
21
My day
  • Last weekend I goed to my friends house. First,
    I runned up to the door and ringed the bell no
    answer. I writed a note and readed it back to
    myself. Just then, I seed my friend, so we rided
    our bikes. Later we goed to the shops and buyed
    some sweets. Mike, my friend, eated half of his
    then putted the rest in his bag. Im not like him
    I eated all mine in one go!

It is important that we learn irregular verbs so
that we use STANDARD ENGLISH.
22
Though irregular verbs do not follow the ed
pattern of regular verbs, there are some patterns
to discover with irregular verbs. Can you spot
any here?
  • blow
  • meet
  • feed
  • grow
  • throw
  • blew
  • met
  • fed
  • grew
  • threw

What has happened to the words ending in ow?
What has happened to the words with double e?
23
To investigate the spelling of irregular verbs.
  • Spread the cards across your table.
  • Match up past and present examples of irregular
    verbs.
  • Try to group verbs with similar spelling changes.

24
What did you find?
25
Proofreading.
  • Read through these sentences. Can you spot a
    problem?
  • Last year I eat school dinners and go to after
    school club.
  • We will go in to the hall yesterday for our
    fitness session with Mrs Perkins.
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