Chapter 3: Organic Molecules and life - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 68
About This Presentation
Title:

Chapter 3: Organic Molecules and life

Description:

Chapter 3: Organic Molecules and life I. Intro: Carbon & organic chemistry A. Organic = I. Intro: Carbon & organic chemistry Organic = a molecule that ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:156
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 69
Provided by: TerriS68
Category:

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Chapter 3: Organic Molecules and life


1
Chapter 3 Organic Molecules and life
2
I. Intro Carbon organic chemistry
  • A. Organic

3
I. Intro Carbon organic chemistry
  1. Organic a molecule that contains the element
    Carbon (C )

4
I. Intro Carbon organic chemistry
  • Organic a molecule that contains the element
    Carbon
  • Is water organic?

5
I. Intro Carbon organic chemistry
  1. Organic a molecule that contains the element
    Carbon
  2. Carbon forms 4 covalent bonds

6
(No Transcript)
7
I. Intro Carbon organic chemistry
  1. Organic a molecule that contains the element
    Carbon
  2. Carbon forms 4 covalent bonds
  3. Organic molecules tend to have lots of H bound to
    C

8
I. Intro Carbon organic chemistry
  • Organic a molecule that contains the element
    Carbon
  • Carbon forms 4 covalent bonds
  • Organic molecules tend to have lots of H bound to
    C
  • The carbons are often bound to each other, with
    Hs bound to each carbon

9
I. Intro Carbon organic chemistry
  1. Organic a molecule that contains the element
    Carbon
  2. Carbon forms 4 covalent bonds
  3. Organic molecules tend to have lots of H bound to
    C, and often contain O

10
(No Transcript)
11
I. Intro Carbon organic chemistry
  1. Organic a molecule that contains the element
    Carbon
  2. Carbon forms 4 covalent bonds
  3. Organic molecules tend to have lots of H bound to
    C, and often contain O
  4. Organic molecules are abbreviated in drawings

12
I. Intro Carbon organic chemistry
  1. Organic a molecule that contains the element
    Carbon
  2. Carbon forms 4 covalent bonds
  3. Organic molecules tend to have lots of H bound to
    C, and often contain O
  4. Organic molecules are abbreviated in drawings
  5. Organic molecules often contain functional groups

13
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • 1. Monosaccharides CH2O

14
  • Monosaccharides

15
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Monosaccharides- glucose and fructose are the
    common dietary monosaccharides
  • Individual cells are able to harness the energy
    in monosaccharides and use it to do work (ex,
    muscle cell contraction)

16
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Monosaccharides- glucose and fructose are the
    common dietary monosaccharides
  • Two monosaccharides can bond to form

17
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Monosaccharides- glucose and fructose are the
    common dietary monosaccharides
  • Two monosaccharides can bond to form
  • 2. Disaccharides

18
(No Transcript)
19
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Monosaccharides- glucose and fructose are the
    common dietary monosaccharides
  • Two monosaccharides can bond to form
  • 2. Disaccharides
  • Many monosaccharides can bond in a chain to form

20
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Monosaccharides- glucose and fructose are the
    common dietary monosaccharides
  • Two monosaccharides can bond to form
  • 2. Disaccharides
  • Many monosaccharides can bond in a chain to
    form
  • 3. Polysaccharides

21
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Monosaccharides
  • 2. Disaccharides
  • 3. Polysaccharides- chains of monosaccharides.
    Cells build polysaccharides to either store
    energy or

22
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Monosaccharides
  • 2. Disaccharides
  • 3. Polysaccharides- chains of monosaccharides.
    Cells build polysaccharides to either store
    energy or use them for structure

23
(No Transcript)
24
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Monosaccharides
  • 2. Disaccharides
  • 3. Polysaccharides
  • a. Starch- plant storage of glucose

25
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Monosaccharides
  • 2. Disaccharides
  • 3. Polysaccharides
  • a. Starch- plant storage of glucose
  • b. Glycogen- animal storage of glucose

26
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Monosaccharides
  • 2. Disaccharides
  • 3. Polysaccharides
  • a. Starch- plant storage of glucose
  • b. Glycogen- animal storage of glucose
  • c. Cellulose- major structural component of
    plant cell walls

27
(No Transcript)
28
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic

29
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic- cells use lipids
    both for energy and structure/function.

30
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • 1. Lipids that are or contain fatty acids

31
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Lipids that are or contain fatty acids
  • a. Fatty acids

32
(No Transcript)
33
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Lipids that are or contain fatty acids
  • Fatty acids
  • Triglycerides- the way fatty acids are stored

34
(No Transcript)
35
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Lipids that are or contain fatty acids
  • Fatty acids
  • Triglycerides- the way fatty acids are stored
  • Phospholipids- the major structural component of
    cell membranes

36
(No Transcript)
37
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Lipids that are or contain fatty acids
  • Steroids

38
(No Transcript)
39
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Proteins- cells use mostly for structure and
    function, but can use for energy

40
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Proteins
  • 1. Some example functions

41
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Proteins
  • Some example functions
  • Structure ex, keratin, collagen

42
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Proteins
  • Some example functions
  • Structure ex, keratin, collagen
  • Immune function in vertebrates ex, antibodies

43
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Proteins
  • Some example functions
  • Structure ex, keratin, collagen
  • Immune function in vertebrates ex, antibodies
  • Transport of substances through the blood ex,
    hemoglobin, proteins that carry fat-soluble
    vitamins

44
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Proteins
  • Some example functions
  • Structure ex, keratin, collagen
  • Immune function in vertebrates ex, antibodies
  • Transport of substances through the blood ex,
    hemoglobin, proteins that carry fat-soluble
    vitamins
  • Enzymes drive the reactions that sustain life,
    ex. Digestive enzymes

45
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Proteins
  • Some example functions
  • Structure ex, keratin, collagen
  • Immune function in vertebrates ex, antibodies
  • Transport of substances through the blood ex,
    hemoglobin, proteins that carry fat-soluble
    vitamins
  • Enzymes drive the reactions that sustain life,
    ex. Digestive enzymes
  • Movement ex, contractile proteins in muscle
    cells

46
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Proteins
  • Some example functions
  • Proteins are long, highly folded chains of amino
    acids

47
(No Transcript)
48
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Proteins
  • Some example functions
  • Proteins are long, highly folded chains of amino
    acids
  • Protein shape

49
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Proteins
  • Some example functions
  • Proteins are long, highly folded chains of amino
    acids
  • Protein shape
  • a. They are 3-dimensional

50
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Proteins
  • Some example functions
  • Proteins are long, highly folded chains of amino
    acids
  • Protein shape
  • They are 3-dimensional, each proteins function
    depends on its shape

51
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Proteins
  • Some example functions
  • Proteins are long, highly folded chains of amino
    acids
  • Protein shape
  • They are 3-dimensional, each proteins function
    depends on its shape, each proteins shape is
    determined by its specific sequence of amino
    acids

52
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Proteins
  • Some example functions
  • Proteins are long, highly folded chains of amino
    acids
  • Protein shape
  • They are 3-dimensional, each proteins function
    depends on its shape, each proteins shape is
    determined by its specific sequence of amino
    acids
  • Is the sequence of amino acids important to a
    proteins function?

53
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Proteins
  • Some example functions
  • Proteins are long, highly folded chains of amino
    acids
  • Protein shape
  • They are 3-dimensional, each proteins function
    depends on its shape, each proteins shape is
    determined by its specific sequence of amino
    acids
  • Patterns of protein folding

54
  • Amino acids bond one-by-one to form

55
  • The primary structure of a protein

56
(No Transcript)
57
(No Transcript)
58
(No Transcript)
59
(No Transcript)
60
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Proteins
  • Nucleic Acids- DNA RNA
  • 1. Made of monomers called nucleotides

61
(No Transcript)
62
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Proteins
  • Nucleic Acids- DNA RNA
  • Made of monomers called nucleotides The
    nucleotides are made of phosphate (PO4), a
    monosaccharide (deoxyribose or ribose), and a
    nitrogenous base.
  • There are four nitrogenous bases used by DNA
    Adenine (A), Thymine (T), Guanine (G), and
    Cytosine ( C ).

63
(No Transcript)
64
(No Transcript)
65
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Proteins
  • Nucleic Acids- DNA RNA
  • Made of monomers called nucleotides The
    nucleotides are made of phosphate (PO4), a
    monosaccharide, and a nitrogenous base.
  • There are four nitrogenous bases used by DNA
    Adenine (A), Thymine (T), Guanine (G), and
    Cytosine ( C ). RNA uses one called Uracil (U)
    rather than thymine.

66
III. Major Biological Molecules
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids- Non-polar, hydrophobic
  • Proteins
  • Nucleic Acids- DNA RNA
  • Made of monomers called nucleotides The
    nucleotides are made of phosphate (PO4), a
    monosaccharide, and a nitrogenous base.
  • There are four nitrogenous bases used by DNA
    Adenine (A), Thymine (T), Guanine (G), and
    Cytosine ( C ). RNA uses one called Uracil (U)
    rather than thymine.
  • RNA is a single strand, while DNA is made of 2
    separate strands. They stick together by
    H-bonding between the N-bases.

67
(No Transcript)
68
(No Transcript)
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com