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A presentation to the International Police Executive Symposium (IPES) on Police and Community,

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MANAGING DIVERSITY IN AUCKLAND: THE CHALLENGE FOR THE NEW ZEALAND POLICE A presentation to the International Police Executive Symposium (IPES) on Police and Community, – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A presentation to the International Police Executive Symposium (IPES) on Police and Community,


1
MANAGING DIVERSITY IN AUCKLAND THE CHALLENGE
FOR THE NEW ZEALAND POLICE
A presentation to the International Police
Executive Symposium (IPES) on Police and
Community, Kingdom of Bahrain, 11-16 October
2003
2
Dr Cathy Casey Programme Leader, Crime and
Justice, Institute of Public Policy, Auckland
University of Technology, NZ   Dr Cathie
Collinson Strategic Analyst, Auckland City
District Police, NZ   Superintendent Howard
Broad, NZ Assistant Commissioner/ Research
Fellow, Home Office, London
3
O v e r v i e w
Changing ethnic mix of Auckland NZ Police
trapped by a colonial law enforcement style of
policing inherited from Britain Three new
Auckland Police initiatives to address problem.
 
  • The establishment of Mäori and Pacific Peoples
    Police Advisory Committees to assist the Police
    to be more culturally responsive.
  • The development of the indigenous Mäori
    Wardens, a model of volunteer policing in New
    Zealand.
  • An Auckland Police/University research project
    to review international models of police
    reservism and police use of volunteers.

4
Regional Diversity in Auckland
Resident population is 1.2 million people living
in 390,000 households - almost one third of New
Zealands population.
5
Auckland City is home to 181 different ethnic
groups We have the largest population of Pacific
peoples in the world (14 compared with 6.5
nationally). We have the highest concentration of
Asian people in New Zealand (19 compared with 7
nationally). Asian community has the highest
rate of growth of any ethnic group. The Chinese
community at 8 now equals the citys Mäori
population
6
A prime policing challenge for the future is to
respond to the large population of non-European
people in a manner that minimises offending and
victimisation risk, and encourages participation
and not marginalisation of those people in the
process.
7
Maori Rights
Mäori, the indigenous people of the land, the
tangata whenua, have rights guaranteed under the
Treaty of Waitangi (New Zealands founding
document).
8
Offenders and Victims
Mäori and Pacific peoples are disproportionately
represented in our statistics in offending and
victimisation. New migrant communities such as
the Somalian and Chinese communities are the new
targets. There is a correlation between criminal
offending and victimisation and the factors
associated with economic disadvantage
unemployment, poorer participation rates in
education, poor health etc.
9
Migrant Crime in Auckland
Increasing level of offending by people of Asian
ethnicity. Migrant crimes on the increase in
Auckland are kidnapping (from 7 to 29 last
year), abduction and extortion. Students
studying in New Zealand are involved in
prostitution, gambling, drug abuse and gang
activity.
10
Our inherited Police system
The New Zealand Police inherited the British
system of policing. We are an organisation
staffed predominantly by Pakeha (European) police
officers with a knowledge base, ideas and values
that are firmly oriented towards Pakeha.
11
Law Enforcement Model
The white-middle class orientation of British
policing is biased towards an impersonal and
professional style of policing a law
enforcement approach rather than a community
involvement philosophical approach. Success is
measured in terms of counts of recorded and
resolved crime which limits the Police role to
those activities that are associated with crime
fighting.
12
Community Involvement Model
The community involvement approach is more
personal and consensual and requires a variety of
diverse communication styles for local community
engagement. There is an ongoing philosophical
battle between the efficient professional Police
force, and the more consultative but effective
community Police service.
13
Auckland response to Mäori and Pacific Peoples
1. Appointment of Mäori, Pacific Peoples and
Asian liaison officers. 2. Consideration of
bilingual volunteers. 3. Recruiting police
personnel from the Mäori, Pasifika and Asian
communities is a national priority. In Auckland
the recruitment target for Mäori is 8 and 15
for Pacific staff
14
Mäori and Pacific Peoples Advisory Groups
Advisory Groups comprise influential members of
Maori and Pasifika communities, selected in
consultation with them. The Mäori group has
been very influential in changing police
procedure and systems. e.g. the police process
around handing sudden deaths including mortuary
and autopsy procedures has been completely
revised.
15
Indigenous Mäori Wardens
  • This indigenous model of community policing has
    operated for over 100 years.
  • Wardens originally were in charge of order on
    the marae. With urban migration, their duties
    are more extensive. They
  • address truancy problems
  • help whanau in need in the justice system
  • patrol the streets and assist police
  • visit Mäori schools and whanau meetings

16
A Police Reserve for New Zealand?
New Zealand did not import the Special
Constabulary concept from Britain. Police
volunteers in the form of Special Constables have
been called for on three occasions each time
solely to assist the Government to break strikes.
The legacy from that era is a deep public
mistrust of Special Constables.
17
Access to Migrant Communities
A reserve may allow police to access parts of the
community that are currently closed to them.
If the Police want to build rapport with the
Somalian community, why not have a Somalian
reservist or Police Volunteer?
18
Research project
The Auckland Police and the University are
currently working together to examine the various
international models of police reservism (also
known as auxiliaries, specials and volunteers).
Specifically
  • history and role
  • command structure
  • the relationship between the reservists and
    sworn Police
  • payment
  • training
  • positive or negative aspects regarding
    reservists
  • union issues
  • any required legislative change

19
Different forms of reservism
  • The research focus is on five models of reservism
    internationally
  • A long-time established sworn Special
    Constabulary (e.g. Scotland, England and Wales)
  • A recently established sworn Special
    Constabulary (e.g. Singapore Jamaica Las Vegas)
  • An armed reservist force (e.g. Los Angeles
    Police Reserve Corps)
  • A rural reservist force (e.g. Northern
    Territory Western Australia)
  • A paid reservist force (Los Angeles)

20
C o n c l u s i o n
Is diversity to be feared? No. It is the new
challenge for the New Zealand Police. It is a
challenge that needs new solutions and new ways
of doing things. Thank
you
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