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Executive Departments

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Denver Public Last modified by: Microsoft Office User Created Date: 11/16/2005 2:35:25 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Executive Departments


1
Executive Departments
important decisions that affected the
world. These friends were deemed his
cabinet, otherwise known as the heads of the
Presidential...
Long, Long Ago in a country not far away, a
distuinged man named George Washington, who
happened to be the ruler of this land, asked his
friends for some advice, he had these friends
help him make
2
Executive Departments
  • The executive departments are described in
    Article II Section 2 that says that the president
    of the U.S. Constitution "... may require the
    opinion, in writing, of the principal officer in
    each of the executive departments, upon any
    subject relating to the duties of their
    respective offices. ... " , although the
    Departments are included in the constitution, but
    the Presidential Cabinet is not described.

Then how did we get the Cabinet?
Through tradition! President Washington began the
practice. The word cabinet stems from Italian
cabinet to, which means a small private room.
3
Executive Departments
  • Department of State (1789) 35.1 billion
  • Originally called Department of Foreign Affairs
  • Only lasted month before Washington and Congress
    changed it to State
  • Thomas Jefferson was the first Secretary of State
    under Washington, although John Jay (Federalists
    Supreme Court Chief Justice) had been serving
    as interim Secretary of State during the Articles
    of Confederation to Constitution transition.
  • Responsibilities
  • Foreign policy
  • Treaties
  • Agreements with foreign countries
  • Represents Americans abroad
  • Assiting Americans abroad
  • Assisting American businesses abroad
  • Keeping public informed about U.S. relations with
    other countries
  • Dept of State Organizations
  • Counterterrorism
  • Intelligence offices
  • Office for each continent or region of the world,
    including smaller offices for each country.
  • State Dept office of legislative affairs

4
Executive Departments
  • Department of Treasury (1789)
  • Alexander Hamilton was the first Secretary of
    Treasury
  • Kind of bullied Congress
  • Not Washingtons first choice
  • Responsibilities
  • Executive branch budget and accounting
  • Accountant for the Executive
  • Produce coins and bills
  • U.S. Mint
  • Stamps
  • Collects taxes
  • IRS
  • Borrows money
  • Bonds, CDs
  • ATF, part Justice, Homeland Security, Treasury

Jack Lew
5
Executive Departments
  • Department of War (Defense 1947) (1789)
  • Dept of Navy, Army, Air Force
  • NSA- National Security Agency
  • DIA- Defence Intelligence Agency
  • Responsibilities
  • Provides Military forces to deter war and protect
    national security
  • Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • Chief of Staffs
  • Army
  • Navy
  • Air Force
  • Marines
  • Regional Offices
  • COCOM,NORTHCOM, CENTCOM, EUCOM, PACOM

A Billion is a difficult number to comprehend,
but one advertising agency did a good job of
putting that figure into perspective in one of
its releases. A Billion Seconds ago -- it was
1973. A Billion Minutes ago -- Jesus was
alive. A Billion Hours ago -- our ancestors were
living in the Stone Age. A Billion Days ago --
No-One walked on two feet on earth. A Billion
Dollars ago -- was only 8 hours and 20 minutes,
at the rate our government spends it.
Chuck Hagel
6
Executive Departments
  • Department of Justice (1870)
  • Attorney General (1789)
  • Responsibilities
  • Prosecute those accused of violating federal law
  • Legal advice for President
  • Enforce immigration laws
  • Information about immigration
  • Naturalization
  • Operates Federal Prisons
  • Maintains halfway houses
  • Represents U.S. in court
  • Solicitor General
  • Supreme Court too
  • 43.5 Billion budget

Eric Holder
7
Executive Departments
  • Department of Interior 1849
  • 10.7 Billion
  • Ken Salazar
  • Responsibilities
  • Manages public lands, wildlife, and national
    parks
  • Operates hydro-electric plants
  • Helps manage Native American Affairs
  • National Park Services
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services
  • Fishing licenses, hunting licenses etc.
  • Plagued by scandal all throughout history
  • Teapot Dome Scandel
  • Gale Norton Jack Abromoff

8
Executive Departments
  • Department of Agriculture 1889
  • 95 billion
  • Responsibilities
  • Inspects food
  • Assist farmers and ranchers
  • Administers food stamps and school lunch programs
  • Assist in efforts to supply nations poor with
    food
  • USDA works with FDA
  • Nutrition labels
  • Certifies organic foods
  • Regulates Trade and marketing of food

Tom Vilsack
9
Executive Departments
  • Department of Commerce 1903
  • 8 billion
  • "promote job creation and improved living
    standards for all Americans by creating an
    infrastructure that promotes economic growth,
    technological competitiveness, and sustainable
    development.
  • Responsibilities
  • Conduct census
  • Grants, patents, register trademarks
  • Promotes trade, economic growth and tech
    development
  • Sets standards in weights and measurements

Rebecca Blank
10
Executive Departments
  • Department of Labor 1913
  • 59.7 billion
  • Was part of commerce from 1903-1913
  • Responsibilities
  • Enforce federal laws on minimum wage, maximum
    hours, and safe working conditions
  • Operates job training programs
  • Administers unemployment compensation and
    insurance
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration
  • Works with Homeland Security on ICE raids

Seth Harris
11
Executive Departments
  • Department of Health and Human Services
  • 1953
  • Discretionary 67.2 billion (2006)
  • Mandatory 573.5 billion (2006)
  • Was Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
  • 1980 Carter split the three, Dept or Ed, Dept of
    HH, and Welfare became an executive agency.
  • Responsibilities
  • Funds healthcare programs
  • Conducts programs to prevent and control disease
  • Administers Medicaid and Medicare
  • FDA
  • Center for Disease Control and Prevention
  • OIG
  • Monitor, investigate, and prosecute Medicaid and
    Medicaid fraud etc.
  • Making your peanut butter safe

Kathleen Sebelius
12
Executive Departments
  • Department of Housing and Urban Development
  • 1965 - LBJ
  • 28.5 billion
  • FHA- Federal Housing Administration
  • Responsibilities
  • Operates home-financing and public housing
    programs
  • Enforces fair housing laws
  • Office of Housing
  • HUD
  • Section 8
  • American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Shaun Donovan
13
Executive Departments
  • Department of Transportation (DOT)
  • 1967
  • Advent of multicar households
  • Largescale commercialization of flight
  • Jet engine
  • 58 Billion
  • Responsibilities
  • Administers programs to promote and regulate
    highways, mass transit, railroads, waterways, air
    travel, and oil and gas pipelines.
  • Federal Highway Administration
  • Money for highways
  • Regulations for highways ,streets, etc
  • Federal Aviation Administration
  • Funds for airports
  • Regulates airspace
  • TSA and Coast Guard moved to Homeland Security
    with reorganization due to 9/11

Ray LaHood
14
Executive Departments
  • Department of Energy
  • 1977
  • Responsibilities
  • Promotes production of renewable energy, fossil
    fuels, and nuclear energy
  • Conducts nuclear weapons research and clean up
  • Transmits and sells hydroelectric power
  • Regulates energy star qualifications
  • Refrigorators, washers and dryers,
  • Environmental policy
  • Greenhouse gases/emissions
  • CO2 footprints
  • Carbon Offsets
  • Alternative and new sources of energy researcy
    and funding
  • Grants
  • Solar powered research etc

15
Executive Departments
  • Department of education
  • 1979
  • Discretionary 56.0 billion (2006)
  • Mandatory 13.4 billion (2006)
  • Carter -part of Health, Welfare, and Education
    split
  • Reagon tried to abolish cabinet position
    immedietly but unsuccessful because of dem
    majority in Congress.
  • Responsibilities
  • Administers federal education aid
  • Conducts educational research
  • Office of Education
  • FASFA
  • Registration for financial aid
  • No Child Left Behind

Arne Duncan
16
Executive Departments
  • Department of Veteran Affairs
  • 1988
  • 87.6 billion (2009)
  • Result of WWII, Korea, and Vietnam Vets needed
    support
  • Responsibilities
  • Administers benefits, pensions, and medical
    programs for veterans
  • Oversees military cemeteries
  • Funds and supports American Legions, Veteran of
    Foreign Wars, Disabled American Veterans

Eric Ken Shinseki
17
Executive Departments
  • Department of Homeland Security
  • 2002
  • 52.0 billion (2009)
  • 200,000 employees, DHS is the third largest
    Cabinet department, after the Departments of
    Defense and Veterans Affairs
  • Works closely with Defense, Justice, Energy,
    Health and Human Services (CDC)
  • Responsibilities
  • Border and transportation safety
  • Emergency preparedness
  • Chemical, biological, nuclear defense
  • Integrates all types of security groups

Janet Napolitano
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