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UNITED NATIONS OFFICE FOR THE COORDINATION OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS

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UNITED NATIONS OFFICE FOR THE COORDINATION OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS OCHA The UN Emergency Relief Coordinator The IASC and the Cluster Approach PILLAR 3 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: UNITED NATIONS OFFICE FOR THE COORDINATION OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS


1
UNITED NATIONS OFFICE FOR THE COORDINATION OF
HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS
2
The United Nations System
3
A Brief History of OCHA
In 1991, the General Assembly adopted Resolution
46/182, to strengthen the UNs response to
complex emergencies and natural disasters. The
resolution also created the position of Emergency
Relief Coordinator (ERC).  Resolution 46/182
created the Inter-Agency Standing Committee
(IASC), the Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP)
and the Central Emergency Revolving Fund (CERF)
as key tools of the ERC. In 1997/8, DHA was
reorganized during an SGs reform program and
OCHA established by GAR 52/12.
4
The UN Emergency Relief Coordinator
  • Is the United Nations Under-Secretary General
    (USG) for Humanitarian Affairs, and Head of
    OCHA
  • Processes requests from Member States for
    emergency aid
  • Responsible for early warning, inter-agency needs
    assessments and keeping the international
    community informed
  • Mobilizes international emergency relief capacity
  • Negotiates access to populations in need of
    assistance
  • Chairs the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC)
  • Promotes the smooth transition from relief to
    recovery
  • Manages the world-wide network of Humanitarian
    Coordinators
  • (According to General Assembly Resolution 46/182)

5
OCHA Today
OCHA currently employs 1,980 staff members in
New York, Geneva and in the field, 637
Internationals, 1,328 Nationals AND 15 UNVs.
OCHA's budget for 2010 is US 253 million 6 of
which is covered by the UN Regular Budget. This
budget includes the costs of 5 regional offices,
25 country offices, 3 sub-regional offices 1
liaison office, and the headquarters in NY and
Geneva.
6
OCHA Mission Statement
  • To mobilise and coordinate effective and
    principled humanitarian action in partnership
    with national and international humanitarian
    actors in order to
  • alleviate human suffering in disasters and
    emergencies
  • advocate for the rights of people in need
  • promote preparedness and prevention
  • facilitate sustainable solutions

7
OCHA Organizational Diagram January 2011
Under-Secretary-General Emergency Relief
Coordinator Assistant Secretary-General
Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator
Executive Office Administrative Office
Strategic Planning Unit
  • Director, Geneva
  • IASC/ECHA Secretariat
  • Spokespersons
  • Director, New York
  • External Relations Partnerships
  • Funding Coordination
  • Human Security
  • Coordination Response Division (CRD)
  • Geographical Sections
  • Early Warning and Contingency Planning
  • External Relations Support Mobilization Branch
    (ERSMB)
  • Consolidated Appeals Process
  • Donor Relations
  • Geographical Coordination Monitoring
  • Humanitarian Coordination Support
  • Brussels Liaison Office
  • Humanitarian Leadership Strengthening
  • Emergency Services Branch (ESB)
  • Civil-Military Coordination
  • Environmental Emergencies
  • Preparedness Support
  • Emergency Relief Coordination Centre
  • Field Coordination Support
  • Logistics Support
  • Surge Capacity

CERF Secretariat
  • Policy Development Studies Branch (PDSB)
  • Evaluation Guidance
  • Intergovernmental Support
  • Policy Planning Analysis
  • Protection Displacement
  • Other PDSB entities
  • Assessment and Classification in Emergencies
    Project
  • Gender Advisory Team
  • Communications Information Services Branch
    (CISB)
  • Communications Services
  • Information Technology
  • Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN)
  • ReliefWeb
  • Technical Coordination Partnerships
  • Information Services
  • Regional, Sub-Regional Country Offices
  • Africa 2 RO, 1 SRO, 1 Liaison Office, 11
    country offices
  • Asia the Pacific 1 RO, 1 SRO, 4 country
    offices
  • Latin America the Caribbean 1 RO, 2 country
    offices
  • Middle East 1 RO, 1 SRO, 1 Liaison Office, 5
    country offices

8
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10
The Disaster Risk Management Cycle and The
Disaster Relief Cycle
11
Disaster Risk Management Cycle
12
The Disaster Relief Cycle
13
Humanitarian Coordination at the
Strategic/Global Level
14
OCHA Humanitarian Coordination
14
15

Chaired by USG OCHA
Executive Committee for Humanitarian
Affairs ECHA
Humanitarian-Political-Military Coordination
Chaired by ERC
DPA
UN Secretariat
DPKO
DSS
Inter-Agency Standing Committee IASC
OCHA
Humanitarian Coordination
Red Cross Movement
IOM
ICRC
UNICEF
UNDP
IFRC
OHCHR
WHO
WFP
NGOs
World Bank
InterAction
UNHCR
FAO
SCHR
UNFPA
ICVA
DONORS
BENEFICIARIES
LOCAL AUTHORITIES
Strategic/Global Humanitarian Coordination
GOVERNMENTS
CIVIL SOCIETY
16
The IASC and the Cluster Approach
17
reform
HUMANITARIAN
THREE PILLARS OF REFORM AND THE FOUNDATION
1
2
3
HUMANITARIAN COORDINATORS Effective leadership
and coordination in humanitarian emergencies
CLUSTER APPROACH Adequate capacity and
predictable leadership in all sectors
HUMANITARIAN FINANCING Adequate, timely and
flexible financing
PARTNERSHIP Strong partnerships between UN and
non-UN actors
Predictability Accountability
18
PILLAR 3
reform
HUMANITARIAN
CLUSTER APPROACH Adequate capacity and
predictable leadership in all sectors

19
Responsibilities of Global Cluster Leads
reform
HUMANITARIAN
  • Normative
  • Standard setting and consolidation of best
    practice
  • Build response capacity
  • Training and system development at local,
    regional and international levels
  • Surge capacity and standby rosters
  • Material stockpiles
  • Operational Support
  • Emergency preparedness
  • Advocacy and resource mobilization

20
THE CLUSTER APPROACH
  • Predictability, Accountability and Partnership
    in all response sectors
  • Better support to national-led response efforts
  • Common standards and tools.

21
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