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WtERT GERMANY

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WtERT GERMANY Waste-to-Energy Research and Technology Council http://www.wtert.eu Introduction to WtERT Germany & Overview of WtE in Germany Dipl.-Ing. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WtERT GERMANY


1
WtERT GERMANY Waste-to-Energy Research and
Technology Council http//www.wtert.eu
Introduction to WtERT Germany Overview of WtE
in Germany Dipl.-Ing. Michael Jakuttis Athens,
Greece 13 November 2014
2
OUTLINE
WtERT Germany WtE in Germany Examples
3
OUTLINE
WtERT Germany WtE in Germany Examples
4
ORIGINS
1995 Prof. Nickolas Themelis founded the Earth
Engineering Center (EEC) 1996 2001 EEC focus
changes from material and resource management to
waste management in the USA 2002 EEC together
with the International Solid Waste Association
(ISWA), formed the WtERT Council 2009 Prof.
Martin Faulstich and Prof. Peter Quicker founded
WtERT Germany, the German branch of the council
5
STAFF OF WtERT GERMANY
Scientific Leadership Prof. Martin
Faulstich Prof. Peter Quicker General
Manager Dipl.-Ing. Michael Jakuttis Research
assistant Saša Malek M.Sc. Waste to Energy in
Eastern Europe Emmanuel Serna M.Sc. Waste to
Energy in South America
6
BACKGROUND
WASTE DISPOSAL IS HISTORY Today the accepted
objective of every responsible waste economy
strategy must be the use of waste as a resource.
Five-step waste hierarchy according to EU
Directive 2008/98/EC
Avoidance before reuse before recycling before
other recovery (including WtE) before disposal.
7
RESEARCH TOPICS
Thermal Treatment Recovers the energy, and partly
material too, by direct combustion.
Anaerobic Treatment Recovers the energy and
material by fermentating organic wastes to
generate biogas.
Landfill Gas Utilization WtERT is strictly
against the creation of new landfills for
untreated waste, however the methane emitted from
current landfills must be used.
8
OUTLINE
WtERT Germany WtE in Germany Examples
9
MODERN HISTORY OF WtE IN GERMANY
1893 First German waste incineration plant in
Hamburg 1972 Waste Disposal Act of
1972 1973 World oil crisis 1980s Dioxin
scandal 1990 Ordinance on Waste Incineration and
Co-Incineration (17th BImSchV) 1996 51 WtE
Plants (11 million tons/year) June 1st
2005 Disposal of untreated municipal waste
terminated
Germanys first Waste Incineration Plant in
Hamburg1
State-of-the-art German WtE Plant in Nuremberg2
Photo Sources 1) www.abfallberatung-unterfranken.
de 2) www.lfu.bayern.de
10
WASTE GENERATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH
Net waste quantity between 2000 and 2006
decreased by 16 In the same period the German
GDP rose by 6
Source UBA
11
COUNTRY FACTS
MSW generated 564 kg/person Calorific value of
waste incinerated in Germany around 10
MJ/kg High recycling rate 46 High
incineration rate 35 Very low landfill rate
1 Biologically treated 18 (no landfilling of
untreated MSW) 73 WtE Plants (as of
2006) Capacity 18 million tons/year 66 MBT,
MBS, MPS Plants (as of 2006) Capacity 7
million tons/year
Physical, Mechanical and Biological Plants
Waste Incineration Plants
Source UBA
12
EUROPEAN FACTS
Half a ton of municipal waste generated per
person in the EU27 in 2007.
Source Eurostat News Release 31/2009
13
OUTLINE
WtERT Germany WtE in Germany Examples
14
THERMAL TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES
Source Bilitewski
15
MUNICH WtE PLANT
Types of waste Household waste, bulky waste,
industrial waste, sewage sludge, energy
recovery Capacity 653 273 tons/year
(2009) Combustion units 4 Heating
Reciprocating grate Electricity sales
131,514,000 kWh/a District heating
output744,772,000 kWh/a Flue gas cleaning
processSpray dryer ESP 2-stage wet scrubber
Catalyst Fabric Filter
WtE Plant Munich North
Source Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt
16
WASTE INCINERATION PLANT IN COLOGNE
Types of waste Household waste, bulky waste,
industrial waste, sewage sludge, energy
recovery Capacity740 702 tons/year
(2008) Combustion units 4 Heating Roller
grate Electricity sales331,970,000
kWh/a District heating output137,501,000
kWh/a Flue gas cleaning processSpray dryer
Fabric filter HCl-scrubber SO2-scrubber
DENOX dioxin catalyst coke filter
AVG Köln mbH
Source www.afgkoeln.de
17
WtERT MEETING
What? WtERT Annual Meeting Europe When? 13-14
October 2010 Where? Brno, Czech
Republic Topics? - Waste Management in
Eastern Europe - Politics, Society and Law -
Technology Status and Developments - and
more Programme available in our
website http//www.wtert.eu
Brno, CZ
Image Melinda van den Brink
18
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION! Please join our
WtE Network Today! http//www.wtert.eu
19
(No Transcript)
20
WASTE LEGISLATION
European Waste Law
Federal Waste Law
Waste Law of the German States
Municipal Law
Directives (e.g. 2008/98/EC, 1999/31/EC,
2000/76/EC) Regulations (e.g. EC No 2150/2002)
Laws Regulations Administrative regulations
Ordinances of public waste disposal authorities
Recycling and Waste Act (KrW-/AbfG) Regulations
(e.g. Waste Storage Ordinance (AbfAblV)
Technical guidances (e.g. TG Municipal Solid
Waste (TA Si)
21
AWM DRY FERMENTATION PLANT - MUNICH
Types of waste Biowaste (Kitchen and Garden
Waste) Capacity 25,000 tons/year Combined heat
power plant (CHP) electric output 3 x 190
kilowatt (electric) Fermentation residues are
processed into finished compost which is then
returned to the biomass cycle as valuable
fertilizer (ca. 9,000 tons/year)
  • Advantages
  • Simple technology
  • Low maintenance costs
  • Low process energy consumption
  • Low susceptibility to interfering substances
    (e.g. foils or woody or fibrous constituents)
  • Greatly reduced emission

Source BEKON, AWM München
22
KIRCHSTOCKACH MULTI STAGE WET FERMENTATION PLANT
Types of waste Biowaste with a high content of
garden waste (gt30) Capacity 30,000
tons/year Biogas yield 1.85 Million m³/year
(Heating value 22 25 MJ/m3) Combined heat
power plant (CHP) electric output 2 x 310
kilowatt (electric)
  • Advantages
  • Short retention time
  • High biogas yield
  • High methane content in biogas
  • Greatly reduced emission
  • Heat generated is used by houses nearby

Source BTA
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