Cognitive Development in Infancy and Childhood: Piaget - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Cognitive Development in Infancy and Childhood: Piaget PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 567edd-Zjg5N



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Cognitive Development in Infancy and Childhood: Piaget

Description:

Cognitive Development in Infancy and Childhood: Piaget s Cognitive Stages Question to ponder Do Kids think differently than adults? Do freshmen think differently ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:835
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 26
Provided by: aphs5
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Cognitive Development in Infancy and Childhood: Piaget


1
Cognitive Development in Infancy and Childhood
Piagets Cognitive Stages
2
Question to ponder
  • Do Kids think differently than adults?
  • Do freshmen think differently than Seniors?

3
Piagets Theory of Cognitive Development
  • Jean Piaget (18961980) Swiss psychologist who
    became leading theorist in 1930s
  • Piaget believed that children are active
    thinkers, constantly trying to construct more
    advanced understandings of the world
  • These understandings are in the form of
    structures he called schemas

4
Piagets Approach
  • Primary method was to ask children to solve
    problems and to question them about the reasoning
    behind their solutions
  • Discovered that children think in radically
    different ways than adults
  • Proposed that development occurs as a series of
    stages differing in how the world is understood

5
Cognition
  • All the mental activities associated with
    thinking, knowing, and remembering
  • Children think differently than adults

6
Stage 1- Sensorimotor Stage
  • From birth to about age two
  • Child gathers information about the world through
    senses and motor functions
  • Child learns object permanence

7
Sensorimotor Stage (birth 2)
  • Information is gained through the senses and
    motor actions
  • In this stage child perceives and manipulates but
    does not reason
  • Symbols become internalized through language
    development
  • Object permanence is acquired

8
Object Permanence
  • The understanding that objects exist independent
    of ones actions or perceptions of them
  • Before 6 months infants act as if objects removed
    from sight cease to exist
  • Can be surprised by disappearance/reappearance of
    a face (peek-a-boo)

9
Object Permanence
  • The awareness that things continue to exist even
    when they cannot be sensed
  • Out of sight, out of mind

10
Object Permanence
11
Stage 2- Preoperational Stage
  • From about age 2 to age 6 or 7
  • Children can understand language but not logic
  • Fantasy Play

12
Preoperational
  1. Symbolic functioning is that a child uses to
    represent something that is not physically
    present like the use of mental symbols, words, or
    pictures

13
Preoperational - Egocentrism
  • The childs inability to take another persons
    point of view
  • Includes a childs ability to understand that
    symbols can represent other objects

14
Concrete Operational Stage (712 years)
  • Understanding of mental operations leading to
    increasingly logical thought
  • Classification and categorization
  • Less egocentric
  • Inability to reason abstractly or hypothetically

15
Concrete operational
  1. Decentering this is where a child considers all
    aspects of a problem to solve it
  2. Elimination of egocentrism kids can begin to
    see the others point of view

16
Conservation
  • An understanding that certain properties remain
    constant despite changes in their form
  • The properties can include mass, volume, and
    numbers.

17
Conservation
18
Conservation
19
Conservation
20
Conservation
  • Number

In conservation of number tests, two equivalent
rows of coins are placed side by side and the
child says that there is the same number in each
row. Then one row is spread apart and the child
is again asked if there is the same number in
each.
21
Conservation
  • Length

In conservation of length tests, two same-length
sticks are placed side by side and the child says
that they are the same length. Then one is moved
and the child is again asked if they are the
same length.
22
Conservation
  • Substance

In conservation of substance tests, two identical
amounts of clay are rolled into similar-appearing
balls and the child says that they both have the
same amount of clay. Then one ball is rolled out
and the child is again asked if they have the
same amount.
23
Formal Operational Stage (age 12 adulthood)
  • Hypothetico-deductive reasoning
  • Adolescent egocentrism illustrated by the
    phenomenon of personal fable and imaginary
    audience

24
Stage 4- Formal Operational Stage
  • Child can think logically and in the abstract
  • Can solve hypothetical problems (What if.
    problems)

25
Critique of Piagets Theory
  • Underestimates childrens abilities
  • Overestimates age differences in thinking
  • Vagueness about the process of change
  • Underestimates the role of the social environment
  • Lack of evidence for qualitatively different
    stages
About PowerShow.com