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Title: LC Subject Headings


1
LC Subject Headings
  • Eric Friede and Jeff Siemon
  • Jeff Siemons slides

2
Local Church History
  • Corporate name x History
  • Denominational family z Place
  • Place x Church history
  • 610 20 Ridgewood Pentecostal Church (Brooklyn,
    New York, N.Y.) ?x History.
  • 650 0 Pentecostal churches ?z New York (State) ?z
    New York ?x History.
  • 651 0 Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.) ?x Church
    history.

3
Neighborhoods cannot be used as subdivisions
4
Your Expectations for todays workshop?
5
D.Min. headings
  • Church growth - this means numerical growth
  • Church renewal - this means qualitative growth
  • Church development, New means church planting,
    a new congregation

6
D.Min. headings
  • Christian leadership ?x Study and teaching
    program for training leaders
  • Leadership ?x Religious aspects ?x Christianity
    more theory
  • Often D.Min. theses include both theory and
    practice.

7
D.Min. headings
  • Church group work - is often what is part of what
    is being done in D.Min. theses with discipling
    or spiritual growth in the title.
  • Small groups ?x Religious aspects ?x Christianity
    - more theory
  • Church group work with men, etc.

8
D.Min. headings
  • Discipling (Christianity) is currently a buzz
    word I tend to use this for one-on-one spiritual
    growth relationships, meant to multiply to other
    one-on-one relationships. I base this on the
    work cat. But the scope note is broader.680 ?i
    Here are entered works on the process of teaching
    and training for growth in Christian
    discipleship. Works on the development of
    spiritual disciplines and spiritual growth are
    entered under ?a Spiritual formation.
  • Mentoring in Church work - Id use this for
    one-on-one teaching church practices or
    leadership, different from spiritual growth

9
Excursus on Discipling (Christianity)DLC records
  • 1989 (work cat.) Disciple-makers' handbook
  • 505 What is disciplemaking? -- Disciplemaking is
    intentional -- Disciplemaking is individualized
    -- Disciplemaking is inspired -- Authority and
    truth beyond cultural barriers -- Fear beyond
    personal obstacles -- How to be a friend -- How
    to establish a discipling relationship -- How to
    model the Christian life -- How to help people
    who hurt -- How people change -- How to use
    Scripture in disciplemaking -- How to help your
    friend share the faith.

10
Excursus on Discipling (Christianity)DLC records
  • 1989 - The joy of discipling ?b friend with
    friend, heart with heart
  • 2000 - Playing your position ?b investing
    yourself in others
  • 2003 - The adventure of discipling others ?b
    training in the art of disciplemaking

11
Excursus on Discipling (Christianity)DLC
recordsBecame less precise in the 1990s
  • 1993 - Discipleship principles for effective
    church administration
  • 1994 - Introduction to biblical counseling ?b a
    basic guide to the principles and practice of
    counseling
  • 1995 - The drift into deception ?b the eight
    characteristics of abusive Christianity
  • 1996 - A discipling program curriculum model for
    ministry with single Christian women in the local
    church

12
D.Min. headings about empowering lay people
  • Laity
  • Lay ministry
  • Peer counseling in the church
  • Priesthood, Universal
  • 450 Priesthood of all believers
  • 680 ?i Here are entered works on the Christian
    doctrine that each individual shares the
    responsibility of ministering to other members of
    the church community, and in some Christian
    traditions, the doctrine that individuals have
    direct access to God without ecclesiastical
    mediation.
  • Church work with new church members x Reformed
    Church in America.

13
D.Min. headings
  • 150 Church work with aliens450 Church work
    with foreigners ?w nne
  • Church work with each group must
    beestablished, not free-floating

14
D.Min. headings
Group Ministry
  • Beware! of
  • and
  • They are often misused for groups of lay people
    doing ministry. How are they supposed to be
    used?

Cooperative Ministry
15
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16
D.Min. headings
  • No 680 scope note for Group Ministry. ?
  • Clues about usage of Group ministry
  • 450 Multiple staff ministry
  • 053 BV675 next to numbers for Associate
    ministers and Clergy couples
  • So do NOT use for clergy and lay cooperation, or
    lay teams.

17
D.Min. headings
  • Clues about usage of Cooperative ministry look at
    LC usage
  • search for the subject in WorldCat,
  • limited to DLC,
  • click on date to sort by date, and
  • look for the early usage

18
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19
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20
Some DLC usage for the subject heading
Cooperative Ministry
  • 245 Cooperative ministry hope for small
    churches, c1984.
  • 245 Sharing more than a pastor, c1993.
  • 245 Cooperating congregations portraits of
    mission strategies, c1999.505 Tri-county
    ministry, North Dakota -- North Central cluster,
    West Virginia -- Upper Sand Mountain Parish,
    Alabama -- Milwaukee strategy, Wisconsin --
    Mission at the eastward, Maine

21
D.Min. headings
  • Cooperative ministry means multiple churches
    sharing one pastor

22
D.Min. headingsDeveloping a vision for ministry
at First Church
  • NOT Vision -- Religious aspects ?
  • LC usage for Vision -- Religious aspects
  • 245 Seeing / Kathleen Meyer, 1985.520 A young
    child expresses gratitude to God for the sense of
    sight which allows us to enjoy so many things.
  • 245 Word and light seeing, hearing, and
    religious discourse, c1992.650 Language and
    languages ?x Religious aspects.650 Vision ?x
    Religious aspects.650 Hearing ?x Religious
    aspects.

23
D.Min. headingsDeveloping a vision for ministry
at First Church
  • Perhaps these headings might fit the book
  • Strategic planning
  • First Church x Planning.
  • Mission statements.
  • Mission of the Church
  • (Eric will talk about this heading later)

24
Spirituality, etc.
  • Religious life
  • ?i Here are entered general works descriptive of,
    or seeking to foster, personal religious and
    devotional life. Works on the religious life of
    Christians are entered under ?a Christian life.
    ?i Works on the religious life of Jews are
    entered under ?a Jewish way of life. ?i Works on
    the religious life of members of other religions
    or sects are entered under ?a Religious life ?i
    with subdivision for the religion or sect. Works
    on the religious life of other specific classes
    of persons are entered under headings of the type
    class of persons--Religious life, e.g. ?a
    Christian women--Religious life Jewish
    soldiers--Religious life Muslim
    children--Religious life Prisoners--Religious
    life.

25
Spirituality, etc.
  • Christian life - broad term, includes actions and
    inner growth and spiritual practices
  • 680 see note
  • on Religious life ?

26
Spirituality, etc.
  • Spirituality - Christian inner growth /
    relationship with God
  • ("Buddhist spirituality", but not Christian
    spirituality)680 ?i Here are entered works that
    describe the proper relationship to God or
    present a history of it within a particular
    Christian denomination.
  • Spiritual life - practicing spiritual
    disciplines, often misapplied 680 ?i Here are
    entered works recommending religious practices by
    which individuals may attain the proper
    relationship to God or may attain their religious
    objectives.
  • Spiritual formation - Was originally used for
    spiritual growth in Catholic seminaries
    currently a buzz word I tend to reserve this
    word for more holistic, life-long spiritual
    growth.
  • 680 ?i Here are entered works on the development
    of spiritual disciplines and spiritual growth.
    Works on the process of teaching and training for
    growth in Christian discipleship are entered
    under ?a Discipling (Christianity).

27
Spirituality, etc.
  • Spiritual formation - Was originally used for
    spiritual growth in Catholic seminaries
    currently a buzz word I tend to reserve this
    word for more holistic, life-long spiritual
    growth.
  • 680 ?i Here are entered works on the development
    of spiritual disciplines and spiritual growth.
    Works on the process of teaching and training for
    growth in Christian discipleship are entered
    under ?a Discipling (Christianity).
  • Spiritual exercises texts to use when engaging
    in devotional practices
  • Faith development - more social science research
    term

28
Spirituality, some related headings
  • Spiritual healing - was established for physical
    ailments (i.e. back problems, one leg long than
    another, cancer tumor) healed by spiritual means
    (i.e. prayer). It has come to mean in popular
    culture inner healing, healing of a person's
    spirit. So the LCSH term "Spiritual healing"
    seems to be used in practice for both topics.
    I've given up trying to differentiate the two.
  • 450 Divine healing
  • 450 Faith-cure ?w nne
  • 450 Faith healing
  • 450 Spiritual therapies
  • 680 ?i Here are entered works on the use of
    faith, prayer, or sacramental means to treat
    illness. Works on the use of psychological or
    psychic means to treat illness are entered under
    ?a Mental healing.
  • 150 Spiritual warfare
  • 680 ?i Here are entered works on the struggle of
    individual Christians against suffering,
    temptation, and doubt as expressions of Satan's
    work, particularly from a Pentecostal or
    evangelical point of view.

29
Preaching and Sermons
  • Sermons Common usage
  • v Sermons may be used after denominations and
    any topic, including Bible passages.
  • Catholic Church v Sermons.
  • Sparrows v Sermons.
  • Bible. p N.T. p Matthew VI v Sermons.

30
Preaching and Sermons
  • There are some explicit terms for collections of
    types of sermons or analysis about those types of
    sermons
  • Sermons, American
  • Sermons, English
  • (but Hymns, English ?z United States !)
  • Sermons, American ?x African American authors
  • Sermons, American ?x Women authors
  • Teaching sermons (but Doctrinal preaching, see
    below)
  • Monologue sermons
  • Dialogue sermons
  • Church year sermons
  • Lenten sermons
  • Canonization sermons

31
Preaching and Sermons
  • Books of/about Sermons - Less common usage
  • v Sermons may be used also after people for
    sermons ABOUT the person (not by).
  • John the Baptist v Sermons.
  • Books analyzing (about) types of sermons get x
  • (but many catalogs do not differentiate ?, and
    may confuse patrons. )
  • A statistical analysis of 1000 Presbyterian
    sermons
  • Presbyterian Church x Sermons.

32
Preaching
  • Uncoordinated headings Arrays
  • Preaching.
  • Suffering ?x Religious aspects ?x Christianity
  • Some denominations are explicitly established
  • Methodist preaching
  • Lutheran preaching
  • but not Church of the Nazarene preaching

33
Preaching
  • Some forms/styles are explicitly established
  • Narrative preaching
  • Doctrinal preaching
  • Biographical preaching
  • Extemporaneous preaching
  • Topical preaching
  • but not Expository preaching
  • I use Preaching / Exposition (Rhetoric)

34
Preaching
  • African American preaching but not Korean
    American preachingPreaching to Asian
    AmericansPreaching to Hispanic
    AmericansPreaching to Youth but not Preaching
    to African Americans

35
Preaching
  • Other topics related to preaching
  • Homiletical illustrations
  • Children's sermons
  • Hindu sermons
  • Lectionary preaching
  • Sermons, German ?v Translations into English.
  • Hint in OCLC Connexion do an Authority record,
    subject heading, keyword search for Preach or
    perhaps search for Sermon to see the
    possibilities.

36
Denominations
  • Pattern heading Catholic Church
  • Subject Cataloging Manual H 1187
  • Corporate body names
  • 610 20 Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)
  • 610 20 Southern Baptist Convention
  • Denominational family names, and polity matters
  • 650 0 Pentecostal churches (mostly congregational
    in
    polity, so lower case "c")
  • 650 0 Reformed Church (considers itself
    globally "one church," so capital "C")
  • People
  • Presbyterians
  • Methodists

37
Denominations
  • Under both corporate body denominations and
    denominational families, you may use ?x Doctrines
    for their theology, but NOT under the people.
  • United Methodist Church (U.S.) ?x Doctrines.
  • Holiness churches ?x Doctrines.
  • NOT Methodists ?x Doctrines.
  • OK Methodists ?x Religious life.
  •  NOT United Methodist Church(U.S.) ?x Theology
  • ?x Theology
  • 680 ?i Use as a topical subdivision under names
    of individual religions and monastic orders and
    under uniform titles of sacred works.

38
Denominations
  • NOT United Methodist Church(U.S.) ?x Theology
  • ?x Theology
  • 680 ?i Use as a topical subdivision under
    names of individual religions and monastic orders
    and under uniform titles of sacred works.

39
Denominations
  • There are unusual headings because of
    polity/government
  • Episcopal Church - for U.S.
  • or Anglican Communion - for collective/global or
    unidentified
  • LC usage is always
  • Christian life ?x Anglican authors. (not
    Episcopal authors)
  • but Spiritual life ?x Episcopal Church. is OK
  • Baptists is both "people" and "church," not
    Baptist churches
  • Mennonites - is both "people" and "church"
  • Methodist Church - collection for family of
    churches
  • Methodists - people
  • Methodism - probably the tradition, practices and
    popular beliefs

40
Denominations
  • Quakers680 ?i Here are entered works on the
    persons belonging to the Society of Friends.
    Works on the Society of Friends as a religious
    denomination are entered under ?a Society of
    Friends.
  • Church buildings - architecture, church
    decoration, etc.
  • Methodist church buildings - some
    denominational are explicitly established
  • NOT Church buildings ?x United Church of Canada,
    etc ?

41
Denominations
  • Sects (LSCH speak for "denominations")
  • Cults (for New religious movements, even if they
    are not coercive)
  • Denominational minutes
  • 610 20 ltCorporate body namegt ?x Government.
  • Methodist Church (U.S.) ?b Central Illinois
    Conference ?x Government.
  • Some catalogers add ?v Periodicals or ?v
    Congresses.

42
Worship
  • Worship
  • -includes private and family worship
  • Public worship
  • - is often a more precise heading
  • Catholic Church ?x Liturgy
  • - ABOUT Catholic liturgy
  • Catholic Church ?x Liturgy ?v Texts
  • - actual prayers, etc.

43
Liturgics
  • 680 ?i Here are entered works on the historical
    and theological study of liturgies. Collections
    of procedures prescribed for public worship in
    accordance with authorized or standard forms are
    entered under ?a Liturgies. ?i Collections of
    services of any type for use in public worship
    are entered under ?a Worship programs.
  • 360 ?i subdivision ?a Liturgical use ?i under
    uniform titles of sacred works, e.g. ?a
    Bible--Liturgical use ?i also subdivision ?a
    Liturgy ?i under ?a Judaism ?i under individual
    Jewish and Christian sects and rites under names
    of individual Christian monastic and religious
    orders and under individual Jewish and Christian
    ceremonies, rituals, holidays, etc., e.g. ?a
    Catholic Church--Liturgy Judaism--Ari
    rite--Liturgy Jesuits--Liturgy Seder--Liturgy
    Good Friday--Liturgy ?i and subdivision ?a
    Rituals ?i under names of individual religions
    and sects other than ?a Judaism ?i and Jewish and
    Christian sects, e.g. ?a Buddhism--Rituals

44
Hymnals
  • Hymnals usually get two headings (See H1917
    and H1160)
  • Denomination ?v Hymns.
  • Hymns, English ?z United States.
  • Christian hymns, just use Hymns, ltlanguagegt,
  • non-Christian religions get
  • Buddhist hymns, Japanese etc.

45
Other sacred music headings
  • Music in worship
  • 680 ?i Here are entered discussions as to the
    desirability, etc. of having music in the church.
  • Synagogue music (see subdivisions and cross
    refs.)
  • Sacred vocal music
  • Sacred music
  • Choruses, Sacred
  • Revival hymns
  • Gospel music
  • Choral conducting
  • Choral singing
  • Children's choirs
  • Gregorian chants (see cross refs)
  • Music in Christian education
  • Contemporary Christian music
  • Church music
  • Psalmody

46
Sacraments
  • Lord's Supper ?x ltdenominationgt
  • Baptism ?x ltdenominationgt
  • Confession ?x Catholic Church (is used for
    Sacrament of Reconciliation, and what was called
    the Sacrament of Penance or Confession. This is
    an example of older terminology that has been
    kept for consistency some global changes have
    been made to newer terminology, other old terms
    have been kept.)

47
Prayer, Meditation, etc.
  • Prayer about prayer, a topic, how to
  • Prayer ?x Christianity
  • Its a relatively new practice to specify the
    religion after prayer, so watch out when coping
    older records. Now, it is good practice to add
    the religion.
  • Prayers texts of prayers, not divided by
    religion or language.

48
Prayer, Meditation, etc.
  • Meditation
  • 680 ?i Here are entered works on mental
    prayer as a method of promoting the spiritual
    life. Collections of thoughts on spiritual truths
    for use in meditation are entered under ?a
    Meditations.
  • Meditation ?x Christianty, etc.
  • Meditation ?x ltDenominationsgt

49
Prayer, Meditation, etc.
  • ?v Meditations  
  • ?v Devotional literature
  • ?v Prayers and devotions

50
Prayer, Meditation, etc.
  • ?v Meditations
  • 360 ?i subdivision ?a Meditations ?i under
    religious subjects, e.g. ?a Bible--Meditations
    Lord's SupperMeditations

51
Prayer, Meditation, etc.
  • ?v Devotional literature
  • 680 ?i Use as a form subdivision under uniform
    titles of sacred works for devotional literature
    on those works.
  • i.e. Bible N.T. John Devotional literature.

52
Prayer, Meditation, etc.
  • ?v Prayers and devotions
  • 485 ?v Prayer-books and devotions ?w nne
  • 680 ?i Use as a form subdivision under names of
    individual religious and monastic orders and
    under individual religions, individual Christian
    denominations, classes of persons and ethnic
    groups for whose use the prayers are intended
    under names of individual saints, deities, etc.,
    to whom the devotions are directed and under
    topical headings for prayers and devotions on
    those topics.

53
Prayer, Meditation, etc.
  • e.g. Mothers ?v Prayers and devotions
  • Assemblies of God ?v Prayers and devotions
  • Islam ?v Prayers and devotions
  • Mary, ?c Blessed Virgin, Saint ?v Prayers and
    devotions
  • Serials librarianship ?v Prayers and devotions

54
Prayer, Meditation, etc.
  • ?v Devotional literature
  • sacred works
  • ?v Meditations
  • religious subjects
  • ?v Prayers and devotions
  • Almost any topic or group of people

55
Biography
  • There are biographies of lay people under the
    "people" heading, clergy under the "church"
    heading
  • Presbyterians ?v Biography. (for a lay person,
    or collective mixed lay/clergy)
  • Presbyterian Church ?x Clergy ?v Biography.
  • There are bishops, but not archbishops
  • Catholic Church ?b Bishops ?v Biography.

56
Biography
  • Baptists is both "people"
  • and "church," not Baptist churches
  • Baptists ?v Biography. - for lay people
  • Baptists ?x Clergy ?v Biography - for clergy

57
Biography
  • Festschrift
  • is a collection of essays to honor a person.
  • The person is both subject and author.
  • 600 10 Friede, Eric
  • 650 0 Theological libraries.
  • 700 10 Friede, Eric
  • 700 10 lteditorgt
  • 902 10 Beverly Hills

58
Theologians
  • Biographies are assigned
  • the persons name, denomination, and/or
    their profession.
  • Classified under their denomination, religious
    order, etc. (BX) or Christian biography (BR1720
    BR1725)
  • i.e. Beza his life and thought
  • BX9419.B4
  • 600 10 Beze, Theodore de, ?d 1519-1605.
  • 650 0 Reformed Church ?v Biography.
  • 650 0 Theologians ?v Biography.

59
Theologians thought topic or biography?
  • i.e. The concept of Church in the thought of
    Beza
  • LC BV598 or BV600
  • Other libraries perhaps BX9419.B4
  • 600 10 Beze, Theodore de, ?d 1519-1605.
  • 650 0 Church ?x History of Doctrines ?x 16th
    century.
  • 650 0 Reformed Church ?x Doctrines.

60
Education
  • Church and education
  • 680 ?i Here are entered general works on the
    relation of the church to education. Works on
    instruction in the Christian religion in
    churches, schools, and homes are entered under ?a
    Christian education. ?i Works on religious or
    secular instruction provided by a particular
    denomination are entered under the name of the
    denomination with subdivision ?a Education, ?i
    e.g. ?a Catholic Church--Education.

61
Education
  • Christian education
  • 680 ?i Here are entered works dealing with
    instruction in the Christian religion in schools
    and private life. Works on the relation of the
    church to education in general, and works on the
    history of the part that the church has taken in
    secular education are entered under ?a Church and
    education.

62
 Education
  • Christian education ?v Textbooks for adults,
    children, etc. ?x Anglican, Baptist, etc.
  • Sometimes misused
  • Christian education ?x Study and teaching
  • 680 ?i Here are entered works on Christian
    education as a subject for study in the
    curriculum for the training of clergy, and of
    directors and professors of Christian education.

63
Education
  • Sunday schools
  • Christian education of slow learning children
  • Intergenerational Christian education
  • Games in Christian education
  • Jesus Christ ?x Teaching methods
  • Christian education ?x Teacher training
  • Sunday school superintendents

64
 Education
  • Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) ?x
    Education OK
  • Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) ?x
    Education (Higher) NO, a mistake
  • Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) ?x Study
    and teaching (Higher) Maybe?

65
 Education
  • ?x Education
  • 680 ?i Use as a topical subdivision under
    names of individual religions and monastic
    orders, and under individual Christian
    denominations, classes of persons, and ethnic
    groups.
  • Education, Higher
  • 360 ?i subdivision ?a Education (Higher) ?i
    under classes of persons and ethnic groups and
    subdivision ?a Study and teaching (Higher) ?i
    under names of individual corporate bodies, names
    of places, ethnic groups, and topical headings

66
Miscellaneous headings - Women 
  • Ordination of women
  • Women church officers
  • Women religious leaders
  • Church work with women
  • Women in church work
  • Women in the Methodist Church
  • Women ?x Religious aspects
  • Feminist theology
  • Womanist theology
  • Preaching to women
  • Sermons, American ?x Women authors

67
Miscellaneous headings - ethnic aspects
  • Asian American churches
  • Hispanic Americans ?x Religion or Religious life
  • Church work with ... must be established
  • Can you think of other options? 

68
Miscellaneous headings - Science / Creation
  • Religion and science
  • Bible and science
  • Creation (Theology about the beginning of the
    world.)
  • Natural theology (What we know about God without
    revelation/Bible)

69
 Miscellaneous headings - Science / Creation
  • Creationism
  • 680 ?i Here are entered works on the doctrine
    that the universe was created by God out of
    nothing in the initial seven days of time and
    that all biological species were created rather
    than evolving from preexisting types through
    modifications in successive generations.

70
 Miscellaneous headings - Science / Creation
  • Evolution (Biology) ?x Religious aspects ?x
    Christianity.
  • Physical sciences ?x Religious aspects ?x
    Christianity.
  • NOT Christianity and science ?

71
 Miscellaneous headings
  • If the title says "the gospel", perhaps use
  • Salvation ?x Christianity
  • Grace (Theology)
  • Christianity ?x Essence, genius, nature

72
 Miscellaneous headings
  • Evangelistic work
  • includes witness bearing, revivals, and other
    methods
  • Witness bearing (Christianity)
  • how to share ones personal faith, often
    one-on-one.
  • I dont know of a good subject heading for books
    that are testimonies. Sometimes Christian
    converts ?v Biography fits.

73
Questions / Discussion
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