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Beginnings of Civil Rights Efforts

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Title: Beginnings of Civil Rights Author: Virginia Anne Brinkley Last modified by: Joy Walker Created Date: 4/14/2008 9:59:21 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Beginnings of Civil Rights Efforts


1
Beginnings of Civil Rights Efforts
2
1850
1820
1783
1857
1833
1808
1863
1954
Civil Rights
1865
1866
1952
1868
1948
1870
1941
1896
1875
1883
1909
1925
3
1783
Civil Rights
State of Massachusetts outlaws slavery within its
borders
4
1808
Importation of slaves banned, but the illegal
slave trade continues
5
1820
American Colonization Society sends 86 free
blacks to Sierra Leone. It was a British Colony
and this marked the first immigration of blacks
away from America.
6
1820
Missouri Compromise Slavery ok in Missouri,
but not west of Mississippi River or north of
Missouris southern border. Allows slavery to
continue in the US
7
Nat Turners Rebellion- Virginia 57 Whites
killed 100 slaves killed by U.S. troops Turner
caught, put on trial, hanged
1831
8
1833
Oberlin College- Oberlin, Ohio 1st College to
establish itself as co-educational 1st to admit
blacks on equal basis with whites Part of the
Underground Railroad
9
1833
10
1850
Added California to the Union as a free
state Strengthened Fugitive Slave Laws Ended
slave trade in Washington, D.C.
11
(No Transcript)
12
1857
  • Supreme Court ruled that slaves do not become
    free when they enter a free state.
  • Congress cannot bar slavery from a territory
  • Blacks are not/cannot become citizens

Dred Scott v. Sandford
13
1861
Confederate States of America is formed Civil War
begins
14
Emancipation Proclamation freed all slaves in
areas still in rebellion
1863
15
1865
Civil War Ends Union Wins
13th Amendment Abolishes Slavery
16
Ku Klux Klan is formed
Congress now in charge of Reconstruction
1866
17
No I wont sign that! I will not encourage
suffrage for African Americans!
1867
Efforts are passed by Congress over presidential
vetoes.
18
1868
14th Amendment gave citizenship to former slaves
19
15th Amendment cannot discriminate based on race
to vote
1870
20
Civil Rights Act of 1875 Granted equal rights
in public accommodations and jury duty.
1875
21
1877
Henry O. Flipper 1st black graduate of West
Point Military Academy
22
1883
Civil Rights Act of 1875
23
1896
Supreme Court supports the separate but equal
doctrine.
Plessy v Ferguson
24
1906
Race riots in Atlanta 21 people killed City
placed under martial law
Hoke Smith inflamed racial tensions by pushing
for disenfranchisement of blacks.
25
Formation of the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People
1909
26
1925
KKK march on Washington - Resurgence in power
27
WWII- war contractors barred from racial
discrimination
1941
Riots in Detroit and Harlem
28
President Truman issues Executive Order 9981 to
end segregation in U.S. military
1948
29
Racial and ethnic barriers to naturalization
removed by Immigration and Naturalization Act.
1952
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