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Extending Foster Care for Juvenile Justice Involved Youth

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Title: Extending Foster Care for Juvenile Justice Involved Youth Author: dyip Last modified by: Melissa Connelly Created Date: 2/16/2012 5:21:59 PM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Extending Foster Care for Juvenile Justice Involved Youth


1
Extending Foster Care for Juvenile Justice
Involved Youth
  • The Resource Center for Family-Focused Practice
  • Center for Human Services
  • UC Davis Extension

2
Our Goals
  • Transitions happen in the context of development
  • Impacted by experience in foster care and trauma
  • Our practice and professional identities will
    grow
  • Youth will transition to become successful,
    connected adults

2
3
Whos Eligible?
  • Age
  • Order for Foster Care Placement
  • Participation

3
4
Age
  • Had an order for placement on their 18th birthday
  • Was still in placement or re-entered as of 1/1/12
  • Transition jurisdiction can start at age 17.5
    (for youth who have completed their
    rehabilitative goals and meet other conditions)

4
5
High School Completion Rule
  • Not applicable to youth participating in extended
    foster care
  • Not applicable for youth in group homes (with
    some caveats)
  • Still exists for Kin-GAP youth who entered prior
    to age 16 and non-related guardianships
    established in probate court

5
6
Residence
  • Resides in California
  • OR
  • Under jurisdiction of California delinquency court

6
7
Federal Eligibility
  • Federal eligibility is based on the determination
    made when the youth originally entered care.
  • No redetermination is made if the youth moves
    directly into extended care with no break in
    service.

7
8
CRITICAL
  • DPO must complete the Six Month Certification of
    Extended Foster Care Participation (SOC 161) and
    submit to the eligibility worker

8
9
What if
  • There is no placement order?
  • No eligibility for extended foster care
  • But can receive services by maintaining
    jurisdiction
  • Reconsider placing with relatives under return
    to parent order

9
10
Transition Jurisdiction
  • The youth has achieved rehabilitative goals
  • The youth cannot be returned safely to the
    parental home
  • It is in the youths best interest to remain in
    EFC
  • The youth is 17.5 years old has permanent plan
    as the case plan goal
  • The youth is age 18 and over and in a foster care
    placement as a delinquent

10
11
Participation
  • Is voluntary
  • Youth must participate in one of 5 eligibility
    conditions
  • Youth must sign mutual agreement within 6 months
    of turning 18 (not a condition of payment)
  • Youth remain under jurisdiction of court
  • Youth remain in licensed or approved supervised
    placement

11
12
BUT
  • Extended Foster Care is Opt OUT
  • If no action is taken, youth automatically rolls
    into Extended Foster Care

12
13
5 Participation Conditions
  • Youth must meet 1 or more to remain in extended
    care
  • The TILP must identify the youths participation
    condition and a backup
  • The participation condition should be linked to
    the youths goals for becoming more independent

13
14
5 Participation Conditions
  • Be in high school
  • Be in college or vocational school
  • Work at least 80 hours per month
  • Participate in a program to eliminate barriers to
    work or school
  • Be unable to go to school or work because of a
    physical or mental disability

15
Education
  • One of the following must be documented in
    youths TILP
  • Education
  • Enrolled in high school or equivalent
  • Enrolled in college/vocational program

15
16
WORK
  • OR documented in TILP
  • Work
  • Work at least 80 hours/month
  • Participate in program to find work or remove
    barriers to work

16
17
Medical or Mental Health Condition
  • OR documented in TILP
  • Unable to do any of the above due to medical or
    mental health condition
  • All eligibility conditions contained in WIC 11400
    WIC 11403

17
18
Benefits for Non-Minor Dependents
  • Eligible for same rate in setting as a minor
  • New statewide rates established for new placement
    options
  • MediCal

18
19
Benefits for Pregnant Parenting Youth
  • Infant supplement is paid
  • Payee depends on placement type
  • For Whole Family Foster Homes, foster family
    homes, relatives, foster family agency placements
    or THPFC host family home are eligible for 200
    Shared Responsibility Plan payment

19
20
DPOs Role
  • Assist youth to maintain eligibility
  • Focus on permanency
  • Case planning must be collaborative
  • Goal is increasing level of responsibility
  • To terminate jurisdiction, must document
    reasonable efforts to ensure participation

20
21
Talking About Extended Foster Care
  • Our first obligation is to explain and explore
    extended foster care as an option to youth
  • Must document all conversations
  • Sample letter of acknowledgement
  • What do we need to consider?

21
22
Adolescence Revisited
  • Revisit adolescent development to harvest your
    wisdom
  • Turn over the colored paper on your table to
    discover your domain
  • In seven minutes, list all of the developmental
    milestones you can recall

22
23
Brain Tour
  • Upsurge in synaptic growth
  • Pruning of new pathways possible
  • Results in neuroplasticity
  • May limit identification of reward cues

23
24
Brain Tour
  • Increasing myelination of nerve
  • Myelin sheath is insulator
  • Increases speed and efficiency

24
25
Brain Tour
  • Dopamine neurotransmission in striatal and
    cortical systems peaks
  • Leads to temporary sensitivity to rewards
  • It feels good now, do it and then the feeling
    quickly disappears

25
26
Brain Tour
  • Still in ventral striatum
  • If reward is delayed or future, under stimulation
    to the striatum
  • Discover and stress more immediate rewards in
    behavior

26
27
Brain Tour
  • Immediate rewards lead to over activity in
    ventral striatum
  • If it feels good right now, it feels REALLY good

27
28
Brain Tour
  • Orbitofrontal cortex and medial prefrontal cortex
    involved in decision making
  • Under stimulated during probabilistic decision
    making
  • The it happens to others but it wont happen to
    me complex

28
29
Brain Tour
  • Amygdala is part of the limbic system
  • Primary functions are related to memory, emotion
    and fear
  • Hyperactivity results in limits to avoidant
    behavior

29
30
Brain Tour
  • Development of circuits that support inhibitory
    control is protracted
  • Immediate reward is enhanced at expense of longer
    term reward

30
31
Successful Youth Development
  • Presence of positive attributes
  • Enables youth to reach full potential as
    productive and engaged
  • Elements that contribute to positive sense of self

31
32
Agency
  • Sense of volition over self-generated acts
  • Sense of self as an active, independent agent
    which forms the basis for a sense of
    self-efficacy
  • Positive and strong sense of self-efficacy
    enhances adjustment well-being as individuals
    set challenging goals, sustain effort recover
    in the face of failure
  • Individuals may build self-confidence by
    developing beliefs in their capabilities

32
33
Self-esteem
  • Global self-esteem reflects a general
    self-evaluation that provides a type of composite
    assessment across multiple domains
  • Individuals are more likely to gravitate to
    settings that provide opportunities to enhance
    self-esteem
  • Healthy adjustment is related not only to global
    self-esteem but to specific domains and the
    opportunity for engagement and success in those
    domains

33
34
Self-Control
  • Self-control is related to brain maturation
  • Individual temperamental, neurobiological and
    care giving contribute to development of
    individual differences in self-control
  • Self-control is a prerequisite for goal-oriented
    behavior across multiple domains
  • Goal setting and goal pursuit is related to
    self-control and an important indicator of
    adjustment and risk

34
35
Decision-Making Skills
  • Capacity to make effective decisions also
    increases during adolescence with development of
    more sophisticated abstract reasoning skills and
    growing capacity for probabilistic reasoning
  • Less able to plan for or anticipate the future
  • Less able to generate consequences spontaneously
  • Less able to learn from negative consequences in
    their experience
  • Less able to view negative consequences as
    harmful
  • Overestimate risk and just as likely to feel
    vulnerable
  • Perceived benefits are more likely to drive
    decisions

35
36
Moral System of Belief
  • Judgments about moral issues such as harm,
    fairness, integrity and responsibility
  • Engages psychological process such as perspective
    taking and empathy
  • Moral system of belief accompanied by a strong
    sense of moral identity

36
37
Prosocial Connectedness
  • Synonyms investment, engagement, attachment,
    bonding, sense of belonging, mattering to
    describe affiliations including families,
    schools, communities
  • Psychological state of belonging where individual
    perceives that they and others are cared for,
    acknowledged, trusted, and empowered within a
    given context
  • Connectedness involves both feeling cared for and
    caring about the social environment
  • Must be a good fit between individual and context

37
38
Cross-over Youth A Special Consideration
  • Cross-over Youth
  • 2/3 are male
  • 56 African American
  • 30 Latino
  • Cross-over youth had more placements during their
    child welfare experience
  • More exited from group care
  • Juvenile Justice Only
  • 80 male
  • 25 African American
  • 57 Latino

38
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