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Old Testament Survey: The Book of Ezekiel

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Title: Old Testament Survey: The Book of Ezekiel


1
Old Testament Survey The Book of Ezekiel
2
Background
  • His name means God strengthens.
  • Ezekiel lived during the last years of the
    kingdom of Judah.
  • In 597 BC (2nd stage), Nebuchadnezzar carried
    Ezekiel, along with King Jehoiachin, away into
    Babylonian captivity.
  • Nine years after Daniel was taken and eleven
    years before Jerusalem fell.

3
Background
  • He was 30 years old when God called him to
    prophesy continued for 20 years.
  • In the ninth year of Ezekiels captivity, his
    wife died. (2418)
  • Among the exiles, he preached the same message
    that Jeremiah had taughtpunishment and a
    promised return.
  • Sought to convince them that they must first
    return to the Lordbefore they could return home!

4
Background
  • Prior to the captivity, Ezekiel had been a
    priest.
  • Called by God during the fifth year of his
    captivity.
  • Son of man, I have made you a watchman for the
    house of Israel therefore hear a word from My
    mouth, and give them warning from Me when I say
    to the wicked, 'You shall surely die,' and you
    give him no warning, nor speak to warn the wicked
    from his wicked way, to save his life, that same
    wicked man shall die in his iniquity but his
    blood I will require at your hand. (317,18)

5
Background
  • Political and social conditions
  • The Jews were living as captives in Babylon where
    they were treated as colonists and not as slaves.
    Increased in number and accumulated wealth. Some
    (Daniel) rose to high offices.
  • Religious conditions
  • Religious freedom in Babylon. Because of false
    prophets, the people first rejected the prophets
    message of repentance. Ultimately, he convinced
    them, and they returned to the Lord.

6
Background
  • Their fall and restoration
  • Because of the abominations in Jerusalem, Gods
    glory departed from the temple and the city (93
    104,18,19). Jerusalem was destroyed and the
    people taken into exile. After the captivity, a
    remnant of the people was restored, the temple
    and city were rebuilt, and the glory of the Lord
    returned to the new sanctuary. Foreseen by
    Ezekiel, 431-5.

7
Keys to the Book
  • Key word
  • Glory
  • Key phrases
  • They shall know that I am the Lord God. (26)
  • Key chapter
  • 37 Steps of Israels future
  • Behold, all souls are Mine the soul of the
    father as well as the soul of the son is Mine
    the soul who sins shall die. (184)

8
Keys to the Book
  • Key verses
  • God takes no pleasure in the death of the wicked
  • Say to them 'As I live, says the Lord GOD, I
    have no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but
    that the wicked turn from his way and live. Turn,
    turn from your evil ways! For why should you die,
    O house of Israel? (3311)

9
Keys to the Book
  • Key verses
  • God would give them a new heart.
  • For I will take you from among the nations,
    gather you out of all countries, and bring you
    into your own land. Then I will sprinkle clean
    water on you, and you shall be clean I will
    cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all
    your idols. I will give you a new heart and put a
    new spirit within you I will take the heart of
    stone out of your flesh and give you a heart of
    flesh. (3624-26)

10
Message
  • Ezekiels message
  • Divine justice and mercy.
  • Describes Gods goodness and severity. Sin must
    be punished it destroys both men and nations.
  • Sin, Punishment, Repentance, and Blessing
  • Therefore consider the goodness and severity of
    God on those who fell, severity but toward you,
    goodness, if you continue in His goodness.
    Otherwise you also will be cut off. (Romans
    1122)

11
Three Main Parts
  • Ezekiels prophecies before the siege of
    Jerusalem (ch.1-24)
  • Predictions during the siege of Jerusalem
    (ch.25-32)
  • Messages after the fall of Jerusalem (ch.33-48
  • Denunciation of Judah
  • Judgment of the nations
  • Restoration of Israel

12
Ezekiels Divine Inspiration
  • Gods spokesman from beginning to end
  • And He said to me, Son of man, stand on your
    feet, and I will speak to you. Then the Spirit
    entered me when He spoke to me, and set me on my
    feet and I heard Him who spoke to me. And He
    said to me Son of man, I am sending you to the
    children of Israel, to a rebellious nation that
    has rebelled against Me they and their fathers
    have transgressed against Me to this very day.
    For they are impudent and stubborn children. I am
    sending you to them, and you shall say to them,
    'Thus says the Lord GOD. As for them, whether
    they hear or whether they refuse-for they are a
    rebellious house-yet they will know that a
    prophet has been among them. (21-5)

13
Three Outstanding Events
  • Gods glory departs from the temple.
  • (1016-18)
  • Jerusalem falls.
  • (3321)
  • Gods glory returns to His house.
  • (444)

14
Ezekiels Methods
  • Various visual methods to symbolize Jerusalems
    destruction and Gods forthcoming judgment
    against the city
  • Portrayed siege of Jerusalem on a brick
  • Shaved his head to use hair to show the fate of
    Judahs inhabitants
  • Zedekiahs captivity by digging a hole in the
    wall, packing his bags, and pretending to flee
  • Used parables to denounce the sins of the people

15
Ezekiels Methods
  • Various visual methods to symbolize Jerusalems
    destruction and Gods forthcoming judgment
    against the city
  • Visions that revealed Judahs degradation
  • Exposed false prophets, idolaters, and the
    general wickedness of the people
  • Portrayed Judah as the Lords unfaithful wife
  • Charged her with spiritual adultery

16
Ezekiels Methods
  • In particular, Ezekiel emphasized Gods holiness.
  • The heathen, Jerusalems fall was a sign of their
    Gods lack of military power.
  • God was punishing Israel for her sins.
  • God could not close His eyes to their conduct.
  • Such conduct defiled the relationship He had with
    them!

17
Ezekiels Methods
  • Ezekiel emphasized that each man is personally
    accountable for his own sins.
  • Popular proverb (182)
  • Was Jehovah punishing Judah for the sins
    committed by the previous wicked generation?
  • Answers (1820)

18
Great Lessons From Ezekiel
  • Grave duty of the Lords watchman
  • Warn the wicked
  • Failure could cost him his life!
  • Son of man, I have made you a watchman for the
    house of Israel therefore hear a word from My
    mouth, and give them warning from Me When I say
    to the wicked, 'You shall surely die,' and you
    give him no warning, nor speak to warn the wicked
    from his wicked way, to save his life, that same
    wicked man shall die in his iniquity but his
    blood I will require at your hand. (317,18)

19
Great Lessons From Ezekiel
  • You also, son of man, take a clay tablet and lay
    it before you, and portray on it a city,
    Jerusalem. Lay siege against it, build a siege
    wall against it, and heap up a mound against it
    set camps against it also, and place battering
    rams against it all around. (41,2)
  • The clay and iron plate
  • The sketch on the clay tablet symbolized the
    siege of Jerusalem, and the iron plate the
    obstacle the people erected between themselves
    and God.

20
Great Lessons From Ezekiel
  • And you, son of man, take a sharp sword, take it
    as a barber's razor, and pass it over your head
    and your beard then take scales to weigh and
    divide the hair. You shall burn with fire
    one-third in the midst of the city, when the days
    of the siege are finished then you shall take
    one-third and strike around it with the sword,
    and one-third you shall scatter in the wind I
    will draw out a sword after them. (51,2)
  • Cutting off his hair and beard
  • By scattering part of his hair, he showed the
    survival of a remnant, whose hearts would be
    cleansed.

21
Great Lessons From Ezekiel
  • Prostitution of Gods people
  • The most graphic description of spiritual
    adultery in the Bible. Jehovahs bride had paid
    the heathen to commit sacrilege with her!
  • You built your high places at the head of every
    road, and made your beauty to be abhorred. You
    offered yourself to everyone who passed by, and
    multiplied your acts of harlotry. You also
    committed harlotry with the Egyptians, your very
    fleshly neighbors, and increased your acts of
    harlotry to provoke Me to anger. (1625,26)

22
Great Lessons From Ezekiel
  • Valley of dry bones
  • A vision of restoration. The bones were the
    whole house of Israel. God was going to give
    these bones new life!
  • Therefore prophesy and say to them, 'Thus says
    the Lord GOD Behold, O My people, I will open
    your graves and cause you to come up from your
    graves, and bring you into the land of Israel.
    Then you shall know that I am the LORD, when I
    have opened your graves, O My people, and brought
    you up from your graves.. (3712,13)

23
Two-Fold Theme
  • Ezekiels theme in the first partJerusalem must
    be destroyed.
  • False teachers encouraged peace and security.
    They were wrong!
  • In the second part, to combat despair, he taught
    that they had a future hope--returning.
  • When the calamity came, the people needed hope.
    The second part of Ezekiel gives them that hope.

24
Unique Messages From Ezekiel
  • Individual responsibility
  • God desires the sinners repentance but each
    will stand or fall on his own!
  • Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel,
    every one according to his ways, says the Lord
    GOD. Repent, and turn from all your
    transgressions, so that iniquity will not be your
    ruin. Cast away from you all the transgressions
    which you have committed, and get yourselves a
    new heart and a new spirit. For why should you
    die, O house of Israel? (1830,31)

25
Unique Messages From Ezekiel
  • Son of man, these men have set up their idols in
    their hearts, and put before them that which
    causes them to stumble into iniquity. Should I
    let Myself be inquired of at all by them? (143)
  • Idolatry
  • Ezekiel shows that idolatry was the abandoning of
    the reason for Israels existenceto worship and
    serve God!

26
Unique Messages From Ezekiel
  • Messianic hope
  • Ezekiel shows many prophecies concerning the care
    and welfare, spiritually speaking, of the coming
    Messiah!
  • As a shepherd seeks out his flock on the day he
    is among his scattered sheep, so will I seek out
    My sheep and deliver them from all the places
    where they were scattered on a cloudy and dark
    day. And I will bring them out from the peoples
    and gather them from the countries, and will
    bring them to their own land I will feed them on
    the mountains of Israel, in the valleys and in
    all the inhabited places of the country.
    (3412,13)

27
Ezekiel and Revelation
  • The four living creatures
  • Ezekiel 15Revelation 46
  • Rainbow around the throne
  • Ezekiel 128Revelation 43
  • Eating the scroll
  • Ezekiel 31Revelation 1010
  • Sealing of Gods servants
  • Ezekiel 94Revelation 73

28
Ezekiel and Revelation
  • Burning the city
  • Ezekiel 102Revelation 85
  • Fall of Tyre and Babylon
  • Ezekiel 26-28Revelation 18
  • God dwelling in the midst of men
  • Ezekiel 3727Revelation 213
  • Gog in the land of Magog
  • Ezekiel 382,3Revelation 208

29
Ezekiel and Revelation
  • The seer placed on a high mountain
  • Ezekiel 402Revelation 2110
  • The city measured
  • Ezekiel 403Revelation 111, 2126
  • The river issuing from the temple
  • Ezekiel 471,12Revelation 221,2
  • The gates of various tribal names
  • Ezekiel 4831-34Revelation 2112

30
Prophecies Against the Nations
  • Ezekiel, like Isaiah and Jeremiah, saw Gods hand
    controlling all the nations. Book denounces the
    wickedness and foretells the Lords judgment.
  • Ammon
  • Moab
  • Edom.
  • Egypt
  • Sidon and Tyre
  • Philistia
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