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Geographic Understandings of Latin America and the Caribbean

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Title: Geographic Understandings of Latin America Author: HOMEUSERS Last modified by: Windows User Created Date: 10/6/2009 11:34:54 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Geographic Understandings of Latin America and the Caribbean


1
Geographic Understandings of Latin America and
the Caribbean
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hAmerica_Travel_GL_double2.html http//www.adilo.
at/images/south_america.gif
2
Copy and Answer
  • Which physical feature would be found between the
    Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains?
  • Which country would you find the Amazon River in?
  • Mexico
  • Panama
  • Brazil
  • Bosnia

3
Practice Label these physical features on your
paper.
Amazon River Pacific Ocean Gulf of
Mexico Caribbean Sea
Sierra Madre Mountains Andes Mountains Atacama
Desert
3
2
4
1
6
5
7-mountains
4
Todays Standard
  • SS6G4 The student will locate selected features
    of Latin America and the Caribbean.
  • a. Explain the major environmental concerns of
    Latin America regarding the issues of air
    pollution in Mexico City, Mexico, the
    deforestation of the rain forest in Brazil, and
    oil-related pollution in Venezuela

5
Our Focus
  • Essential Question
  • How do the major environmental concerns such as
    air pollution, deforestation, and oil pollution
    affect countries of Latin America?
  • Key Question
  • What are the major environmental concerns of
    Latin America in regards to Mexico, Venezuela,
    and Brazil?

6
Create the HUGE table on your paper!
Air Pollution in Mexico City Deforestation in Brazil Oil Pollution in Venezuela

7
Mexico City, Mexico
Smog smoke fog
8
Air Pollution in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 19 million people 2 times the of people in
    GA.
  • Health concerns- Children may develop lung
    disease breathing difficulty. Elderly should stay
    inside.
  • Causes Exhaust from older cars and factories.
  • Type of Pollution Lead, sulfur dioxide, and
    carbon monoxide.

9
Air Pollution in Mexico City, Mexico
  • Location of city traps air pollution.
  • The city is built in the bowl of an extinct
    volcano. The high elevation means thinner air.
    Carbon dioxide traps the pollution in the valley.
  • Smog smoke fog
  • Drivers must leave car home once a week, are
    encouraged to carpool or use public
    transportation. Cars are inspected more often and
    factories close on days of high pollution

10
Deforestation in Brazil
11
Destruction of rainforest in Brazil
  • Brazil - 5th largest
  • Rainforest- About 40,000 types of plants and
    thousands of types of animals.
  • Produces about 20 percent of worlds air
  • Natives who maintain their traditional way of
    life live in the rainforest.

12
Destruction of rainforest in Brazil
  • Deforestation- When humans use saws and
    bulldozers to clear large areas of the forest.
  • It provides valuable resources such as timber
    from the wood, and land for cattle ranching and
    crop cultivation.
  • How much rainforest has been lost? Nearly 200,000
    sq. miles in the last decade.

13
Destruction of rainforest in Brazil
  • Solution The government has created laws to help
    limit deforestation and protect the rainforest.
  • No money is spent on enforcing laws.
  • Environmental groups and governments around the
    world are getting involved.

14
Oil pollution in Venezuela
15
Oil pollution in Venezuela
  • 5th largest oil producer in the world.
  • Government receives half of all oil profits.
  • Oil spills and tanker leaks damage environment
    no fishing
  • Burnt oil produces carbon dioxide.

16
Oil pollution in Venezuela
  • Burning fossil fuels can cause breathing problems
    for children and older adults.
  • Lake Maracaibo is sinking on the eastern shore,
    threatening to flood local towns, homes, and
    farms.

An oil spill in Lake Maracaibo has prevented
fishermen from doing their jobs.
17
Copy and Answer
  • What are the main sources of air pollution in
    Mexico City?
  • Intense sunlight
  • The high altitude
  • Factories and cars
  • Cars that produce little or no air pollution
  • 2. What is the main crop grown in areas of
    deforestation?
  • Cocoa
  • Rubber
  • Soybeans
  • Brazil nuts

18
Wrap-Up
  • 1) How does Mexico Citys geography affect the
    environment as impacted by air pollution?
  • 2) What is smog?
  • 3) What is the environmental problem experienced
    within Brazils tropical rainforest?
  • 4) Create a picture that explains air pollution
    in Mexico City, Mexico. Write at least 1 sentence
    describing your picture.
  • 5)Deforestation is a major concern in Brazil.
    Currently, laws have been created to protect the
    rainforest, but funding has not been given by the
    government to enforce the laws. Should the United
    Nations play a role in the preservation of the
    rainforest? Explain your answer.

19
Lesson 4
20
Todays Standard
  • SS6G3 The student will explain the impact of
    location, climate, distribution of natural
    resources, and population distribution on Latin
    America and the Caribbean.
  • a. Compare how the location, climate, and
    natural resources of Mexico and Venezuela affect
    where people live and how they trade.

21
Copy and Fill-In
  • 1. _____________ __________ pollution is
    caused by emissions from ________________ and
    automobiles that build up over the city.
    ________________ surrounding the city are like
    walls that trap the pollutants in a brown haze
    called __________.
  • 2. Brazils major environmental issue is
    ________________.

22
Our Focus
  • Essential Question
  • How has the impact of location, climate,
    distribution of natural resources, and population
    distribution on Latin America and the Caribbean?
  • Key Question
  • How do the location, climate, and natural
    resources of Mexico and Venezuela affect where
    people live and how they trade?

23
Geographic Understandings of Latin America and
the Caribbean
What does arable mean?
24
Venezuela
25
Mexico
26
Wrap-Up
  • 1) Where do most citizens in Mexico and
    Venezuela live and work?
  • 2) How are Mexico and Venezuelas climates
    similar?
  • 3) How do the populations of Mexico and Venezuela
    compare?

27
Lesson 5
  • Warm-UP Geography Quiz

28
Todays Standard
  • SS6G3 The student will explain the impact of
    location, climate, distribution of natural
    resources, and population distribution on Latin
    America and the Caribbean.
  • b. Compare how the location, climate, and
    natural resources of Brazil and Cuba affect where
    people live and how they trade.

29
Copy and Answer
  1. Mexicans have flocked to the _______________ in
    central Mexico to find jobs in __________________.
  2. Venezuelas economy is supported by the sale of
    _____, its most important natural resource.

30
Quiz time!
  • Please make sure to write your first and last
    name on your paper.
  • Make sure to double-check your answers
  • You will have about 10 minutes to complete your
    quiz.
  • When you finish! Turn in quiz and pick up Brazil
    and Cuba handout. Begin filling in data.

31
Our Focus
  • Essential Question
  • How has the impact of location, climate,
    distribution of natural resources, and population
    distribution on Latin America and the Caribbean?
  • Key Question
  • How do the location, climate, and natural
    resources of Cuba and Brazil affect where people
    live and how they trade?

32
Brazil
33
CUBA
34
Wrap-Up
  • 1) Where do most citizens in Brazil and Cuba live
    and work?
  • 2) How are Brazil and Cuba climates similar?
  • 3) How do the populations of Brazil and Cuba
    compare?

35
Lesson 6
36
Number 1-7 and label the countries.
37
Standard
  • SS6G4 The student will describe the cultural
    characteristics of people who live in Latin
    America and the Caribbean.
  • a. Describe the results of blending of ethnic
    groups in Latin America and the Caribbean.
  • b. Explain why Latin America is a region based on
    the languages of Portuguese and Spanish.
  • c. Evaluate how the literacy rate affects the
    standard of living.

38
  • Essential Question(s)
  • How has a blending of ethnic groups affect
    language and culture of Latin America and the
    Caribbean?
  • Key Question(s)
  • What are major ethnic groups of Latin America?
  • How does the literacy rate of a country affect
    the standard of living?

39
Cultural Blending!
  • What are mulattoes? What do you think this term
    means? Write it down!
  • Mulattoes are the descendents of Europeans and
    the Africans that they forced to work as slaves.
  • Where do these people live today? Brazil, Panama,
    and the West Indies
  • Write a sentence about the word to help you
    better understand its meaning.

40
Cultural Blending!
  • What are mestizos? What do you think this term
    means? Write it down!
  • Mestizos are the descendents of Europeans and the
    Native Americans.
  • Where do these people live today? Venezuela
  • Write a sentence about the word to help you
    better understand its meaning.

41
The Encomienda System
criollos
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ces/Social_Studies_Resources/GHG_Documents/Encomie
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42
Languages
  • Christopher Columbus discovered New World
    1492
  • Spain explored, conquered and settled parts of
    Central and South America over next 200 years
  • Portugal claimed Brazil
  • Both Spanish and Portuguese conquered natives and
    tried to use them as slaves before importing
    Africans to work in mines and in plantations
  • Central and South American countries fought for
    independence from Portugal and Spain like
    Americans did against Great Britain.

43
  • Spain loses Mexico early 1800s
  • Spain loses last colony in New World (Puerto
    Rico) 1898
  • Latin America refers to those countries whose
    inhabitants speak mostly languages based on
    Latin Spanish and Portuguese.
  • US is not because English is Germanic.
  • French, English, Dutch and hundreds of native
    languages are also spoken in Central and South
    America and the Caribbean.

44
Literacy Rate and Standard of Living
  • A literate person is one who can read and write.
    Literacy is a major factor in whether a person is
    able to get a job and be successful in the
    workplace.
  • The countries of Latin America have improved the
    literacy rate of their people. On average, 89
    percent of the people are literate. That leaves
    an illiteracy rate of 11 percent.
  • The standard of living (the economic level
    achieved by a person, family, or country) is
    often lower in countries where the illiteracy
    rate is high.

45
  • Some cultures believed it more important for
    boys to have an education than girls. This is
    shown in the fact that 12 percent of girls are
    illiterate while only 9 percent of boys are
    illiterate. The goal of most governments is 100
    percent.
  • Many communities cannot afford to pay for
    teachers and schools. Without the basic skills,
    workers are stuck in low paying jobs.
  • The standard of living remains low for these
    families because their education level remains
    low. If you cant read, you cant learn. If you
    can learn you can improve your skills and get a
    better job that pays a better salary.
  • Low literacy rate low standard of living

46
Wrap-Up
  • What are the major groups of people called that
    have descended from the European explorers?
  • What groups have these peoples descended from?
  • Who was the first person to reach the New World
    and what country did he sail from?

47
Geographic Understandings of Latin America and
the Caribbean
  • Review and Human Culture of Latin America

48
Warm-Up
  • As a result of blending of cultures, descendents
    of Africans and Europeans are known as what
    nationality throughout Latin America and the
    Caribbean?
  • 2. What blended culture today descended from
    Europeans and Native Americans?
  • 3. What empire was the first to claim the New
    World thus resulting in a heavily influenced
    culture today?

49
Todays Standard
  • SS6G4 The student will describe the cultural
    characteristics of people who live in Latin
    America and the Caribbean.
  • a. Describe the results of blending of ethnic
    groups in Latin America and the Caribbean.
  • b. Explain why Latin America is a region based on
    the languages of Portuguese and Spanish.
  • c. Evaluate how the literacy rate affects the
    standard of living.

50
Warm-Up! Answer Only!
  • In what country is oil pollution an environmental
    concern and why?
  • Which country that we have discussed is communist
    and why do they have difficulty supporting the
    well being of their citizens?
  • What are the two major ethnic groups we have
    discussed present in Latin America and the
    Caribbean today?

51
REVIEW FOR TEST!
  • Map of Latin America
  • Environmental Concerns Notes
  • Venezuela and Mexico notes
  • Brazil and Cuba notes
  • Blending Cultures notes
  • Literacy Rate notes
  • Lets practice a few questions!

52
Human Culture of Latin America Video
  • Write at least 10 sentences describing the human
    geography of Latin America.
  • Think about
  • Language
  • Religion
  • Food
  • Living conditions
  • School
  • Beliefs

53
Review
  • What two languages have provided the foundations
    for language in Latin America and the Caribbean?
  • Who is Mexicos biggest trading partner?
  • What religion is most practiced in this region
    and how has it evolved?

54
Wrap-up
  • Do you have any questions about the test tomorrow?
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