BMZ Conference Forest for the Future 11-12 June, 2013 Berlin Forest Standards in Public Procurement and Sustainable Building Policies I S A F O R Erik Lammerts van Bueren - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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BMZ Conference Forest for the Future 11-12 June, 2013 Berlin Forest Standards in Public Procurement and Sustainable Building Policies I S A F O R Erik Lammerts van Bueren

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BMZ Conference Forest for the Future 11-12 June, 2013 Berlin Forest Standards in Public Procurement and Sustainable Building Policies I S A F O R Erik Lammerts van Bueren – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BMZ Conference Forest for the Future 11-12 June, 2013 Berlin Forest Standards in Public Procurement and Sustainable Building Policies I S A F O R Erik Lammerts van Bueren


1
BMZ Conference Forest for the Future 11-12 June,
2013 Berlin Forest Standards in Public
Procurement and Sustainable Building Policies I
S A F O R Erik Lammerts van Bueren
2
Forest Standards in Public Procurement Four key
messages
  • In order to create solid ground for implementing
    their TPP, Governments have to establish their
    own reference framework including SFM criteria
  • Harmonisation, among MS, of criteria and ways of
    assessment of (Certification systems for)
    sustainably produced timber is highly desirable
    and effective.
  • Unbridled proliferation of source and product
    oriented standards can impose unequal
    requirements on the management of the forest.
    Equal requirements is a must
  • Legislation/regulation is key for turning demand
    towards legal and sustainably produced timber and
    biomass and for effectively influencing SFM (Self
    binding rules for Governments, EUTR,RED)

3
Forest Standards in Public Procurement History
  • Deforestation and degradation of Tropical Rain
    Forests was main trigger for private sector
    initiatives to certify timber
  • FSC 1993
  • PEFC 1999

4
Forest Standards in Public Procurement Procurement
Policies
  • Procurement policies are driven strongly in
    countries with
  • Powerful NGO movement
  • Substantial tropical timber import volume,
  • Two governmental roles
  • Government as legal entity self binding
  • Government as public legislator regulations
    binding for all or selected actors in the country
    (sanctions)

5
Forest Standards in Public Procurement Requirement
s for a Sound TPP
  • Policy must be compatible with
  • WTO, EU and National legislation
  • EU treaty
  • Non-discrimination, equal treatment,
    transparency, proportionality
  • EU Procurement Directives 2004/17/EC and
    2004/18
  • Art 23 prohibits to refer to standards of CS as
    a bench mark for SFM
  • Simply referring to FSC/PEFC or similar is
    not allowed
  • To create solid ground for implementing their TPP
    Governments have to establish their own criteria
    and reference framework

6
Forest Standards in Public Procurement The
Netherlands experiment
  • The Dutch Government established in 1997 "Minimum
    requirements for SFM
  • Parliament decided to elaborate the Minimum
    requirements into a standard of P C.
  • It took 5 years to agree on a Standard in a
    consultative process. Requirements for
    certification protocols were added.
  • Ad hoc committee assessed Certification systems
    against the Dutch standard. No CS
    passed!!!! Standard was simplified.

7
Forest Standards in Public Procurement Timber
Procurement Assessment System (1) TPAS
  • TPAS components
  • Timber Procurement Assessment Committee (TPAC), 5
    independent members plus a secretary.
  • 3 normative documents as its reference framework
  • SFM standard
  • CoC standard
  • DAM standard Development, Application and
    Management of certification systems,.
  • In addition PEM standard the Procedure on
    Endorsement of Certification Systems by a
    Meta-System
  • User Manual, including a scoring system and
    objection and appeal procedure

8
Forest Standards in Public Procurement Timber
Procurement Assessment System (2) TPAS
  • Assessment by 2 step approach
  • 1) Analysis if and in what way is each TPAS
    criterion being addressed by the CS.
  • 2) Judgement TPAC evaluates the way each TPAS
    criterion is being addressed. Review by
    the System manager at least two times.
  • Actual performance of the CS or Umbrella system
    is taken into account (practice test).
  • Stakeholder forum
  • Audit reports
  • Final decision by responsible Minister

9
Forest Standards in Public Procurement The
Netherlands experience conclusions
  • TPAC judgement recognised in BREAM protocol
  • Consumption of certified sawn wood including
    plywood and boards has risen substantially
  • 2008 33,5 of total consumption (6,6 mil m3)
  • 2011 66,7 of total consumption (5.8 mil m3)
  • Compliance market is best guarantee for growth of
    demand
  • Implementation of TPP based on a solid reference
    framework keeps Certification systems sharp

10
Forest Standards in Public Procurement The
Netherlands experience consumption of sustainable
wood
  • Consumption 2011 sawn wood and plywood and boards
    5.8 million m3 r.e.
  • Construction 38
  • Packaging sector 23
  • Road and water works 12
  • Furniture 12
  • DIY and Garden sector 11
  • other 4
  • PEFC 2.5 million M3 FSC 1.4 million M3

11
Forest Standards in Public Procurement The
International Context (MS)
  • Most EU member states lack a transparent
    reference framework for the justification of
    accepting FSC and PEFC certificates as evidence
    for SFM
  • Differences in sustainability requirements and
    assessment procedures between EU member states
    cause confusion and constraints with the timber
    trade and certification systems.
  • Harmonization of reference frameworks and
    assessment procedures is therefore highly
    desirable.
  • Cooperation in assessing certification systems
    and category B evidence avoids double efforts and
    saves financial and human resources.

12
Forest Standards in Public Procurement The
International Context (EC)
  • ADWG 2010,"Public procurement of wood and wood
    based products concluded
  • sustainable produced timber can qualify as
    subject matter
  • criteria of all three pillars of sustainable
    production, including criteria regarding use and
    tenure rights of the forest, are appropriate in
    the technical specification and/or the award
    stage of wood and wood products.
  • EC GPP Communication 2008 Public Procurement for
    a Better Environment advices
  • legally harvested forests as minimum technical
    specification for supply contracts and as
    contract performance clauses for work contracts.
  • compliance with sustainability criteria which are
    linked to the subject matter of the contract is
    proposed as award criteria.
  • Reference standards PEOLG, UNCED principles,
    ITTO, et c

13
Forest Standards in Public Procurement The
International Context
  • EUTRT Legal
  • FLEGT Legal
  • EU-RED Sustainable Biomass
  • REDD Carbon

14
Proliferation of standards
Source Source
Single source Various sources
Societal function service, or product specific application of raw material. Single function 1) Energy generation Natural forest 2) Energy generation Natural forest plantation shelterbelt natural short vegetation agriculture.
Societal function service, or product specific application of raw material. Multiple functions 3) Energy generation timber for construction paper CO2-fixation water supply recreation employment. Natural forest 4) Energy generation timber for construction paper CO2-fixation water supply recreation employment Natural forest plantation shelterbelt natural short vegetation agriculture.
In 4) not every forest can fulfil all the social
functions which are given as examples
15
Forest Standards in Public Procurement
Proliferation of standards
  • Complete standards have two components to
    safeguard the conservation of biodiversity
  • Spatial component criteria with a spatial
    dimension (separation of functions within the
    FMU)
  • Component addressing the quality of the
    intervention process criteria and/or criteria
    describing a characteristic of the ecosystem
    (integration of functions)

16
Forest Standards in Public Procurement
  • Thank you for your attention

17
Forest Standards in Public Procurement
Proliferation of standards source oriented
standards
  • Legal forest management/ legal wood
  • SGS TLTV (VLO and VLC)
  • Smart Wood LO and LC
  • Bureau Veritas OLB
  • FSC CW
  • etc.
  • Sustainable forest management / sustainably
    produced wood
  • FSC
  • PEFC and systems endorsed by PEFC (CSA SFI
    MTCS FFCS etc.)
  • ISO Environmental management system
  • RIL standard, Tropical Forest Foundation (USA)
  • etc.

18
Forest Standards in Public Procurement
Proliferation of standards product oriented
standards
  • Sustainable biomass
  • Criteria for Sustainable Bioenergy use on a
    global scale (Germany)
  • Testing Framework for sustainable biomass (NTA)
    (Netherlands)
  • Round Table for Sustainable Biofuels (RSB)
  • Round table for Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO)
  • etc
  • CO2 storage
  • Clean Development Mechanism (CDM A/R)
  • Gold standard (GS)
  • Climate, Community Biodiversity Standards
    (CCBS)
  • Voluntary carbon Standard (VCS)
  • Chicago climate exchange (CCX)
  • Voluntary Offset Standard (VOS)
  • Plan Vivo
  • etc

19
Forest Standards in Public Procurement FLEGT
  • Definition of Legally produced timber (compliance
    with Legislation relevant for SFM and timber
    trade)
  • rights to harvest
  • requirements regarding forest management,
    including compliance with relevant environmental,
    labour and community welfare legislation
  • taxes, duties, royalties and fees related to
    harvesting and timber trade
  • respect for tenure and use rights to land and
    resources
  • requirements for trade and exports

20
Forest Standards in Public Procurement FLEGT (2)
  • Definition of Legally produced timber
  • Legality Assurance System (LAS)
  • Timber Licensing Scheme

21
Forest Standards in Public Procurement EUTR
(regulation 995/2010)
  • Definition of applicable legislation (country of
    harvest)
  • - rights to harvest timber within legally
    gazettes boundaries
  • - payments for harvest rights and timber
    including duties related to timber harvesting
  • - timber harvesting, including environmental and
    forest legislation including forest management
    and biodiversity conservation, where directly
    related to timber harvesting
  • - third parties' legal rights concerning use and
    tenure that are affected by timber harvesting,
  • - trade and customs, in so far as the forest
    sector is concerned

22
Forest Standards in Public Procurement EUTR
(regulation 995/2010) (2)
  • Obligations of operators (placing timber on the
    market)
  • risk mitigation procedures
  • risk assessment
  • access to information
  • Obligations of traders they shall be able to
    identify
  • the operators or traders who have supplied the
    timber
  • traders to whom they have supplied timber and
    timber products

23
Forest Standards in Public Procurement EU-RED
(regulation)
  • Art.17 Biofuels and bioliquids shall not be made
    from raw material obtained from
  • primary forest
  • areas designated for nature protection purposes

24
Forest Standards in Public Procurement Timber
Procurement Assessment System (3) TPAS
  • Category B evidence
  • Any credible documentary evidence, other than a
    certificate, that provides assurance that the
    timber has been sustainably produced.
  • TPAC assists government procurement officers in
    assessing category B evidence for sustainably
    produced timber and for legal timber.
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