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The Five Themes of Geography

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Title: The Five Themes of Geography Author: diddlynn Last modified by: beth.dulong Created Date: 9/14/2007 1:18:29 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Five Themes of Geography


1
The Five Themes of Geography
  • modified by Mrs. Jones - FMMS

2
Lets Review!
  • What are the SEVEN CONTINENTS??
  • Asia
  • Europe
  • Africa
  • Australia
  • Antarctica
  • North America
  • South America
  • What are the FOUR OCEANS??
  • Pacific Ocean
  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Arctic Ocean
  • Indian Ocean

3
Why Study Geography?
  • It affects where people live.
  • It affects how people live.
  • It affects the outcome of major events.

4
The 5 Themes of Geography
  1. Location
  2. Movement
  3. Region
  4. Place
  5. Human/ Environment Interaction

5
Theme 1 Location
  • Where is it??

6
Location
  • There are two types of LOCATION!!
  • Absolute
  • Relative

7
Absolute Location
  • Absolute Location is found by using
  • Two specific line types
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

8
Absolute Location
  • Latitude Lines
  • AKA Parallels
  • Latitude lines are drawn from
  • East to West
  • Latitude lines measure
  • North to South

9
Absolute Location
  • The Major Line of LATITUDE is the
  • Equator
  • It splits the Earth into
  • the Northern and
  • Southern Hemispheres

10
Define Hemisphere
  • Half of a globe
  • (in our case the Earth)

11
Absolute Location
  • Longitude Lines
  • AKA Meridians
  • Longitude lines are drawn from
  • North to South
  • Longitude lines measure
  • East to West

12
Absolute Location
  • The Major Line of LONGITUDE is the
  • Prime Meridian
  • It splits the Earth into
  • the Eastern and
  • Western Hemispheres

13
Absolute Location
  • Can you find an
  • ABSOLUTE LOCATION???
  • Using
  • Latitude Longitude
  • Try the worksheet!

14
Absolute Location
1 30N 15W 2 45S 45E 3 30S
60W 4 15N 30E 5 30N 60W 6
45N 45E 7 60S 60W 8 60N
30W 9 30S 15E 10 60S 75E
15
Relative Location
  • Where an area is depending on where another area
    is!
  • Figure out where the teachers desk is in
    relation to something else in the room!

16
Theme 2 Movement
  • How are people linked together?

17
Movement
  • Movement describes how
  • How people in one area contact people in other
    areas

18
Movement
  • What can move??

GOODS
PEOPLE AND THEIR PERSONAL STUFF
MONEY
IDEAS
19
Movement
  • How can things move??

WORD OF MOUTH
COMPUTERS
FORMS OF TRANSPORTATION
SATELLITES
TELEPHONES
20
Movement
  • Through movement we connect all of our world
    together.
  • This is called globalization!
  • When we are interdependent on each other for our
    economy, culture, politics, socialization, and
    technology.

21
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22
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23
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24
Theme 3 Region
  • What does it have in common?

25
Region
  • A region describes
  • Areas that have something in common
  • Regions can be
  • BIG
  • or
  • small

26
Region
  • There are two types of Regions
  • Formal
  • Functional

27
Region
  • A Formal Region is an. . .
  • Area in which a certain characteristic is found
    throughout the area
  • Example City, State, Country, Continent

28
Region
  • Functional Regions
  • Have one central place and is surrounded by the
    areas it affects
  • Example Hershey, PA

29
Theme 4 Place
  • What is it like?

30
Place
What is it like?
31
Place
What is it like?
32
Place
  • What is it like?

33
Place
  • Each PLACE on Earth has it own
  • DISTINCT CHARACTERISTICS
  • Two types
  • Human
  • Or
  • Physical
  • (something that makes it different
  • than any other place in the world)

34
Place
  • Physical Features include the landforms and
    bodies of water found on the earth

35
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36
????????????????????????????????
  • What is the difference between Location Place?

37
What is the difference between Location Place?
Location 5 S , 68 W
38
What is the difference between Location Place?
Place Describe
39
Human/Environment Interaction
  • How do we interact with our environment?

40
HEI
  • Human/Environment Interaction explains how people
    use and change their environment.

41
Does the environment affect where we do these
activities?
42
HEI
  • Changes to the environment can be
  • Good
  • Bad, or
  • Both!

43
Remembering the Five Themes
Use the term MR. HELP
M Movement
R Region
HE Human Environment
(Interaction) L Location
P Place
44
Can you place the geographic term with the
correct theme of geography!?!?
Place
Location
Can you place the geographic term with the
correct geographic theme!?!?
Location A I Q
Location A I Q
Location A I Q
Location A I Q
Location A I Q
Location A I Q
Place E G O P
Place E G O P
Place E G O P
Five Themes of Geography
Region
Movement
Movement D L M
Region C F K
Region C F K
Region C F K
Region C F K
Region C F K
Human/Environment Interaction
Equator Building roads Southwest Asia Visiting
another country On an island The Western
US Planting crops Latitude/longitude coordinates
Cutting down forests Your neighborhood Changing
your address Handwritten letters to a
friend Building new houses Areas with little
rainfall Swiss chalets high mountains
Switzerland Texas is south of Oklahoma
Equator Building roads Southwest Asia Visiting
another country On an island Western US A very
hot climate Planting crops longitude
Equator Building roads Southwest Asia Visiting
another country On an island Western US A very
hot climate Planting crops longitude
Equator Building roads Southwest Asia Visiting
another country On an island Western US A very
hot climate Planting crops longitude
Equator Building roads Southwest Asia Visiting
another country On an island Western US A very
hot climate Planting crops longitude
Equator Building roads Southwest Asia Visiting
another country On an island Western US A very
hot climate Planting crops longitude
Human/Environment Interaction B H J N
Cutting down forests Your neighborhood Changing
your address Written letters Building new
houses Areas with little rainfall Swiss chalets
high mts Switzerland Texas is south of Oklahoma
Human/Environment Interaction B H J N
Cutting down forests Your neighborhood Changing
your address Written letters Building new
houses Areas with little rainfall Swiss chalets
high mts Switzerland Texas is south of Oklahoma
Human/Environment Interaction B H J N
Cutting down forests Your neighborhood Changing
your address Written letters Building new
houses Areas with little rainfall Swiss chalets
high mts Switzerland Texas is south of Oklahoma
Human/Environment Interaction B H J N
Cutting down forests Your neighborhood Changing
your address Written letters Building new
houses Areas with little rainfall Swiss chalets
high mts Switzerland Texas is south of Oklahoma
Human/Environment Interaction B H J N
Cutting down forests Your neighborhood Changing
your address Written letters Building new
houses Areas with little rainfall Swiss chalets
high mts Switzerland Texas is south of Oklahoma
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