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Children in Care and school governors Cathryn Adams, Head of Achievement for Children in Care Matthew Lewis, Attendance and Achievement Officer for Children in Care

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Title: Children in Care and school governors Cathryn Adams, Head of Achievement for Children in Care Matthew Lewis, Attendance and Achievement Officer for Children in Care


1
Children in Care and school governors
Cathryn Adams, Head of Achievement for Children
in CareMatthew Lewis, Attendance and
Achievement Officer for Children in Care
2
A high quality education provides the
foundation for transforming the lives of children
in care. Children and young people have told us
how important education is to their
lives. Children who leave care with no
qualifications are less likely to be in
education, employment or training, are five times
more likely than those with qualifications to be
in custody at age 19 and are nearly twice as
likely to have lost touch with the local
authority that supported themSource Care
Matters Time to Deliver for Children in Care,
Department for Schools, Children and Families,
2007
3
Who are Children in Care?
  • Under the Children Act 1989, a child is looked
    after by a local authority if he or she is in
    their care or is provided with accommodation for
    more than 24 hours by the authority.
  • Accommodation usually with the full agreement of
    those who have parental responsibility for them,
    often because family circumstances mean they
    cannot be cared for in their normal environment.
    Parents/guardians retain full parental
    responsibility.
  • Care Order if the local authority believes that
    a child has suffered or is likely to suffer
    significant harm if s/he remains with their
    birth family, they can apply to the courts for a
    care order. Most children in these circumstances
    live with foster carers.
  • All local authorities have a statutory duty to
    promote the educational attainment of Children in
    Care (The Children Act 2004).

4
Our Children in Care in Essex
  • 1382 children are looked after by Essex
    (September 2012) 2011 national figure 65500
  • 833 are of statutory school age
  • 224 are in schools outside Essex
  • 183 are looked after by other local authorities
    but educated in Essex schools
  • 20 have a Statement of Special Educational Needs
  • 40 are School Action or School Action Plus
  • 32 are registered as Gifted and Talented
  • 36 are Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking Children
  • No permanent exclusions for three years

4
5
Achievement Service for Children in Care
  • Achievement Service for CiC launched in August
    2011 (formerly the Virtual School) a
    commissioning and delivery service
  • Casework on core issues of attainment, progress
    and attendance

5
6
Achievement Service for Children in Care
(continued)
  • Provides designated teacher/foster carer training
  • Has close links with the Children in Care Council
  • Monitors Personal Education Plan (PEP) compliance
    but more crucially works to improve the quality
    of PEPs

6
7
Attainment 2012
  • Full data for 2012 still being produced, but
    headline (unconfirmed) figures for CiC in Key
    Stage 2 are available
  • Level 4 outcomes, 2012
  • English 55
  • Maths 69
  • English and Maths combined 53
  • We have the 2011 data for comparison

8
Attainment at Key Stage 2 2011
Key Stage 2 Number eligible to sit Key Stage 2 tasks and tests Percentage who achieved at least Level 4 Percentage who achieved at least Level 4 Percentage who achieved at least Level 4
  Number eligible to sit Key Stage 2 tasks and tests English Maths Eng Ma
Essex 50 54 50 42
Statistical Neighbour Average Statistical Neighbour Average 41 38 31
England Average 50 48 40
Essex 2009-10 67 65 58
Rank among statistical neighbours Rank among statistical neighbours 1st 1st 1st
Rank in England, among LAs with eligible CiC Rank in England, among LAs with eligible CiC 28th 30th 26th
Achievements of all KS2 pupils in Essex Achievements of all KS2 pupils in Essex 81 81 74
8
8
9
Attainment at Key Stage 4 2011
Key Stage 4 Number eligible to sit GCSEs Percentage achieving Percentage achieving Percentage achieving
  Number eligible to sit GCSEs 5 GCSEs at grades A-C 5 GCSEs at grades A-C including Eng maths A-C in English maths
Essex 130 29.8 12.2 13.0
Statistical Neighbour Average Statistical Neighbour Average 26.2 8.2 8.8
England Average 31.2 12.8 13.4
Essex 2009-10 27.8 9.6
Rank among statistical neighbours Rank among statistical neighbours 5th 3rd 3rd
Rank in England, among LAs with eligible CiC Rank in England, among LAs with eligible CiC 65th 29th 28th
Achievements of all KS4 pupils in Essex Achievements of all KS4 pupils in Essex 78.2 57.8 n/a
9
9
10
Attendance provisional absence to 31 May 2012
(2011 in brackets)

32 days (20) PA 23 days (15) PA CiC Abs. rate
32 days (20) PA 23 days (15) PA CiC Abs. rate
All CiC 5.77 10.46 5.86
CiC for gt1 academic year in census 3.04 (3.30) 6.25 (6.10) 4.23 (5.30)
11
Governors role
  • Governors have a duty to designate a member of
    staff to promote the educational achievement of
    CiC who are on the school roll (the designated
    teacher section 20 of the Children and Young
    Persons Act 2008)
  • Governors should challenge and support their
    school over outcomes for all children and, within
    this, vulnerable groups CiC is one such
    vulnerable group
  • It is recommended that governors receive at least
    an annual report from the designated teacher for
    CiC, to cover standards/progress,
    attendance/exclusions and other relevant
    information
  • The governing body and school leadership team
    should consider the report and act on any issues
    it raises so as to support the designated teacher
    and maximise the impact of the role

12
Some suggestions!
  • Consider nominating a governor to champion CiC in
    school and the standards/progress they make
    perhaps the SEN governor if there is one already?
    (Recommended in DfE guidance Supporting Looked
    After Learners)
  • Visits to school by the nominated governor could
    be made in relation to CiC and include data
    review, meeting with the designated teacher and
    any other staff involved with CiC
  • Headteacher Reports could include a breakdown of
    standards/progress for vulnerable groups,
    including CiC
  • Try to identify and encourage more people with
    experience of care to become school governors if
    possible (All Party Report on CiC and care
    leavers 2012) particularly if the school has a
    significant number of CiC on roll

13
Ofsted
  • Inspection is primarily about evaluating how
    well individual pupils benefit from their school.
    It is important to test the schools response to
    individual needs by observing how well it helps
    all pupils to make progress and fulfil their
    potential.
  • Source Ofsted School inspection handbook,
    September 2012
  • CiC and other vulnerable groups are referenced
    throughout the current Ofsted school inspection
    documentation reference is also made to the
    Pupil Premium Grant.

14
Ofsted, cont.
  • When evaluating the achievement of pupils,
    inspectors will consider how wellgaps are
    narrowing between the performance of different
    groups of pupils, both in the school and in
    comparison to those of all pupils nationally.
  • Inspectors will also evaluate how effectively
    governors, or those with a similar
    responsibility, challenge and hold senior leaders
    to account for all aspects of the schools
    performance.
  • Inspectors will evaluate evidence relating to
    the achievement of specific groups of pupils and
    individuals.
  • Source Ofsted The framework for school
    inspection, September 2012

15
Pupil Premium Grant (PPG)
  • The PPG is currently 600 annually
  • CiC become eligible for PPG the term after being
    in care continuously for 6 months
  • The purpose of the grant is to narrow the gap
    in attainment
  • The PPG can be spent on the individual child or
    for the purposes of the school that will benefit
    pupils at the school
  • The PPG should be discussed and where possible
    agreed and understood at the Personal Education
    Plan meeting
  • Can be carried forward between financial years

16
PPG and Ofsted/governors
  • Inspectors should also satisfy themselves that
    the governing body is ensuring that the schools
    finances are properly managed, and investigate
    governors role in deciding how the school is
    using the Pupil Premium.
  • Source Ofsted The Quality of leadership and
    management of the school / Governance (pages
    18-20 Subsidiary guidance Sep 2012)
  • Ofsted has also produced the results of a recent
    survey about how schools are using the Pupil
    Premium to raise achievement and improve outcomes
    for eligible pupils (children from low-income
    families who are eligible for Free School Meals,
    CiC and those from families with parents in the
    Armed Forces)
  • Among the recommendations
  • 1. School leaders, including governing bodies,
    should ensure that Pupil Premium funding is not
    simply absorbed into mainstream budgets, but
    instead is carefully targeted at the designated
    children. They should be able to identify clearly
    how the money is being spent.
  • 2. School leaders, including governing bodies,
    should evaluate their Pupil Premium spending,
    avoid spending it on activities that have little
    impact on achievement for their disadvantaged
    pupils, and spend it in ways known to be most
    effective.

17
Annual report from designated teacher for CiC a
template
  • Copies available for information at this session
  • Will be highlighted in the Governors E-Bulletin,
    Chairs mailing and Education Essex Newsletter
    comments will be most welcome!
  • Please note the annual report is a suggestion
    there is no obligation to use it. But governors
    may have to explain how CiC and other vulnerable
    groups are performing to Ofsted inspectors, and
    we hope the report and this presentation will be
    useful!

18
Useful documents
  • Report by the All-Party Parliamentary Group for
    Looked After Children and Care Leavers
    (www.parliament.uk/business/publications/)
  • The Pupil Premium Ofsted survey
    (www.ofsted.gov.uk)
  • Promoting the Educational Achievement of Looked
    After Children Statutory Guidance For Local
    Authorities
  • Guidance on the Education of Young People in Care
    (DfES 2000) Improving the attainment of looked
    after young people in primary schools Guidance
    for Schools (DCSF 2009)
  • Improving the attainment of looked after children
    in primary schools Guidance for schools (DCSF
    2009)
  • Improving the attainment of looked after children
    in primary schools Guidance for schools (DCSF
    2009)
  • The role and responsibilities of the designated
    teacher for looked after children Statutory
    Guidance for schools Governing bodies. (DCSF2009)
  • (3-7 available via the Department for Education
    website (www.education.gov.uk/)

19
The Achievement Service for Children in
Care01245 434957www.essex.gov.uk/achievementser
viceemailachievement.servicecic_at_essex.gov.uk
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