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THE ANTEBELLUM SOUTH

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... The Agricultural Economy of the South,1860 Southern Society in 1860 B. WHITE SOCIETY & CULTURE Why did many ... American Promise 3e from http://www ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE ANTEBELLUM SOUTH


1
THE ANTEBELLUM SOUTH
  • THE OLD SOUTH SLAVERY
  • 1820-1860
  • A10Q
  • 7.10.30

2
Essential Question
  • To what degree was the South developing as a
    distinctively different region from the rest of
    the United States during the period 1820 to 1860?
  • To what degree did slavery shape life in the
    South during this period?
  • (Consider political, economic, social and
    intellectual aspects of life in the South)

3
A. The Southern Economy
  • Primarily agrarian
  • Economic power shifted from the upper South to
    the lower South
  • Cotton Is King!
  • 1860 - 5 million Bales exported per year (57 of
    US exports)

4
The Agricultural Economy of the South,1860
5
Changes in Cotton Production
1860 ?
1820 ?
6
Value of Cotton Exports As a Percentage of All
U.S. Exports
7
A. The Southern Economy
  • Very slow development of industry
  • Rudimentary financial system.
  • Economic dependence on North
  • Inadequate transportation system.

8
B. SOUTHERN SOCIETY (1850)
Slavocracyplantation owners, small
slaveowners
6,000,000
The Plain Folkwhite yeoman farmers, tenant
farmers,sandhillers,hill people
Black Freemen
250,000
Black Slaves3,200,000
Total US Population --gt 23,000,0009,450,000 in
the South 40
9
Southern Society in 1860
10
Slave-Owning Families (1850)
11
B. WHITE SOCIETY CULTURE
  • Why did many Southerners support the slave system
    when 75 didnt own slaves?
  • Was there a change in attitude re slavery?
  • How did they justify slavery?
  • Who did NOT support the slave system?

Plantation House, St. Marys, MD (1830s)
Southern Yeoman farmers home
12
B. WHITE SOCIETY CULTURE
  • 3. Defense of Slavery White Supremacy
  • necessary evil ? positive good
  • Legal constitutional
  • History
  • Religious
  • Better than North wage slaves
  • Black Inferiority
  • Among Southerners Elevated poor whites

13
Southern Pro-Slavery Propaganda
14
C. SLAVERY SLAVE CULTURE
  • Peculiar Institution
  • Slave trade - Middle Passage
  • Protection under law
  • Constitution Art IV, Sec 2
  • Fugitive Slave Act (1793)

15
US Laws Regarding Slavery
  1. U. S. Constitution 3/5s compromise I.2
    fugitive slave clause IV.2
  2. 1793 --gt Fugitive Slave Act.
  3. 1850 --gt stronger Fugitive Slave Act.

16
Paths of the Internal Slave Trade
17
C. SLAVERY SLAVE CULTURE
  • 4. Slave Life Culture
  • Black Christianity Baptists or Methodists
    more emotional worship services negro
    spirituals.
  • Nuclear family with extended kin links, where
    possible.
  • Importance of music in
  • their lives. esp.spirituals.
  • Slave codes
  • Resistance
  • Nat Turner
  • Sambo

Slave Rebellions and Uprisings, 1800-1831
18

Slave Cabin and Occupants Near Eufala, Barbour
County, Alabama
19
(No Transcript)
20
Sources
  • Library of Congress Prints and Photographs
    Division Online Catalog - http//lcweb2.loc.gov/pp
    /pphome.html
  • Library of Congress African Mosaic -
    http//www.loc.gov/exhibits/african/afam015.html
  • Africans in America PBS - http//www.pbs.org/wgb
    h/aia/rb_index_hd.html
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