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Key Challenges Affecting Agriculture in the Region - Perspective from Farmer Group

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Key Challenges Affecting Agriculture in the Region - Perspective from Farmer Group Dyborn Chibonga, NASFAM Financing agriculture in Southern Africa - Rural ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Key Challenges Affecting Agriculture in the Region - Perspective from Farmer Group


1
Key Challenges Affecting Agriculture in the
Region - Perspective from Farmer Group   Dyborn
Chibonga, NASFAM
Financing agriculture in Southern Africa - Rural
Development Briefing in Southern Africa No 3 A
series of meetings on ACP-EU development Issues
held at Crossroads Hotel. Lilongwe - Malawi from
25-26th October 2010
2
Overview of Presentation
  1. Introduction to NASFAM
  2. Member Programmes and Services
  3. Background to African Agriculture
  4. Existing Challenges for the Development of Small
    Scale Agriculture
  5. Fostering an Enabling Environment for Small Scale
    Agriculture in Africa

3
Introduction to NASFAM
  • Member owned and Democratically governed
  • Non-Partisan, Non-Religious
  • Exists to develop and build a commercially viable
    network of smallholder directed business
    organizations
  • Largest Farmer Organisation with 108,000 members
    in 43 Associations
  • Covers 19 out of 29 Districts in Malawi
  • Programs to improve farmer livelihoods, their
    communities and the nation

4
Democratic governance Capacity Building
Programs Services
Crop Production and Marketing
Farm Supply Shops
Policy and Advocacy
Food Security
HIV/Aids Gender Integration
Value Added Processing
Linkages to Other Service Providers
Information and Communication
Adult Literacy/Numeracy
Rural Infrastructure Development
Monitoring and Evaluation
Conservation Agriculture
5
Background to African Agriculture
  • Major source of livelihood for over 200million
    Sub-Saharan Africans living below poverty line
  • Mainly the business of the poor - 70 of Africas
    populace in rural areas
  • Almost all rural households depend directly or
    indirectly on agriculture
  • Contributes on ave 30-40 to most African
    economies
  • Accounts for at least 40 of export value
  • Significant in export earnings - over 80 for
    some countries like Malawi

6
Existing Challenges for the Development of Small
Scale Agriculture
  • On the overall, major challenge is policies that
    are non-responsive to the needs interest of
    small producers
  • - Inefficiencies in policy implementation Lack
    of M E Systems
  • Financing challenges
  • Many countries not adhering to the 10 Maputo
    Declaration
  • Agriculture budget high in recurrent expenditures
  • Inadequate/lack of access to credit
  • High prices for agricultural inputs and farm
    implements
  • Unorganized farmers low entrepreneurship
  • Weak institutional linkages
  • Weak extension services

7
Existing Challenges cont. . .
  • Marketing Challenges
  • High energy prices
  • Low global prices for staple food crops (World
    Bank/IFPRI)
  • Limited economies of scale
  • Lack/Inadequate market information
  • Poor/inadequate infrastructures- roads storage
    facilities production facilities education
    health facilities
  • Poor telecommunication networks

8
Existing Challenges cont. . .
  • Environmental Challenges
  • Declining Soil Fertility
  • Climate Change Droughts, Floods etc
  • Market Liberalisation
  • Removal of agricultural subsidies
  • Unstructured/disintegrated marketing structures

9
Inadequate National Budget Allocation to
Agriculture
10
Fostering an Enabling Environment for Small Scale
Agriculture in Africa
  • Congruency between agricultural growth, poverty
    reduction and food security
  • Improving the effectiveness of public investment
    in agriculture - transparency
  • Targeted funding to investment expenditures like
    irrigation development
  • Improved implementation and targeting of policies
  • Inclusion of smallholders in the policy
    development cycle
  • Strengthening the capacity of producer
    organizations

11
Thank You Zikomo!
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