PRESENTATION OF WAEMU COMMISSION AT THE SEMINAR OF WEST AFRICAN PARLIAMENTARIANS ON AFRICAN LAND INITIATIVES - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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PRESENTATION OF WAEMU COMMISSION AT THE SEMINAR OF WEST AFRICAN PARLIAMENTARIANS ON AFRICAN LAND INITIATIVES

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Title: PRESENTATION OF WAEMU COMMISSION AT THE SEMINAR OF WEST AFRICAN PARLIAMENTARIANS ON AFRICAN LAND INITIATIVES


1
PRESENTATION OF WAEMU COMMISSION AT THE SEMINAR
OF WEST AFRICAN PARLIAMENTARIANS ON AFRICAN LAND
INITIATIVES

IMPORTANCE AND ROLE OF LAND IN THE PROCESS OF
REGIONAL INTEGRATION AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN
WEST AFRICA WAEMU INITIATIVES AND IMPLICATIONS
FOR GOOD LAND GOVERNANCE
WEST AFRICAN ECONOMIC AND MONETARY UNION
2
PLAN
  • Brief recapitulation of WAEMU
  • Major WAEMU Reforms related to land issues
  • Stakes and challenges for WAEMU
  • WAEMU study on rural land issue in the face of
    challenges to integration
  • Regional Land Observatory
  • Conclusion

3
BRIEF RECAPITULATION OF WAEMU
- 3.5 million Km² - 81 million inhabitants - 33
GDP of West Africa - Population (60 lt 25 years)
Mali
Niger
Senegal
Burkina Faso
Guinea Bissau
Benin
Togo
Côte dIvoire
4
BRIEF RECAPITULATION OF WAEMU (continued)
OBJECTIVES
5
MAJOR WAEMU REFORMS RELATED TO LAND ISSUES
  • The Common Agricultural Policy (C.A.P) adopted in
    2001 in Dakar
  • Objective
  • Contribute in a sustainable manner to satisfy the
    food needs of the population, to the economic and
    social development of Member States and to
    poverty reduction

6
MAJOR WAEMU REFORMS RELATED TO LAND ISSUES
  • 1. The Common Agricultural Policy (continued)
  • Axes of intervention
  • axis 1
  • Adapt production systems and improve the
    production environment
  • axis 2
  • Deepen the common market into the
    agricultural sector and manage shared resources
  • axis 3
  • Insert agriculture into the regional and world
    market

7
MAJOR WAEMU REFORMS RELATED TO LAND ISSUES
  • 2. The common market
  • Objective
  • Eliminate in the trade between member countries,
    customs duties, quantitative restrictions at
    entry and exit, taxes having equivalent effects
    and all other measures of equivalent effects
    likely to affect these transactions (free
    movement of goods)

8
MAJOR WAEMU REFORMS RELATED TO LAND ISSUES
  • 2. The common market (continued)
  • Establish a common external tarrif (CET)
  • Implement the principles of the free movement of
    persons, establishment and provision of services
    as well as that of the free movement of capital

9
MAJOR WAEMU REFORMS RELATED TO LAND ISSUES
  • 3. The policy of the development of community
    territory (PDCT)
  • Objective
  • Introduce and strengthen between the different
    national
  • and community policies, the convergence,
    coherence and harmony necessary for a sustainable
    and balanced development to the Union.

10
MAJOR WAEMU REFORMS RELATED TO LAND ISSUES
  • Among the specific objectives
  • - ensuring the consistency of common sectoral
    policies
  • - the optimum use, exploitation and
    development of areas, natural resources,
    large-scale facilities plans, as well as regional
    dynamics on a complementarity basis

11
WAEMU STAKES AND CHALLENGES
  • The provisions of the Treaty and some reforms
    concern the Union on land issues
  • Adapted and efficient land systems
  • What effects to expect?
  • Capital attractive investment growth
    contribution to productivity and agricultural
    production improvement renewed interest for land
    markets hence of the Union market (PAU, MC
    objectives)

12
WAEMU STAKES AND CHALLENGES
  • Contribution to the exploitation and development
    of rural areas promotion of a balanced
    development of the Unions territory (PATC
    objectives)

13
WHY A STUDY ON RURAL LAND
  • 1. Context and justification
  • Context of numerous land initiatives
  • CILSS conferences (Praia 1994/ Bamako 2003)
  • World Bank study (2004)
  • EU Guidelines (2004)
  • Confirmation of integration initiatives
  • ICARD/ FAO
  • LPI/ AU- AEC- AfDB
  • Emerging phenomena
  • Food crisis
  • Energy crisis (Use of land for biofuel)
  • African land rush

14
WHY A STUDY ON RURAL LAND
  • 1. Context and justification (continued)
  • WAEMU accelerate integration
  • competitiveness common market
  • Convergence common actions harmonisation
  • Land issues of the process
  • Concerted management of cross-border natural
    resources
  • Migration and transborder transhumance
  • Common market Common policies (PAU PATC) free
    movement right of establishment

15
WHY A STUDY ON RURAL LAND
  • 1. Context and justification (continued)
  • Demography Towards a doubling of the population
    in 2050
  • Migrations internal/external movements
  • Urbanisation a soon-to-be predominantly urban
    population
  • Globalisation and confrontation at international
    markets

16
WHY A STUDY ON RURAL LAND
  • 2. Objective
  • Begin a preliminary informative reflection
  • Question the comparative advantages of the Union
  • That should lead to more in-depth analyses on
    land connection and regional integration
  • And lead to directions / recommendations to
    WAEMU and the Member States for sustained and
    concerted action with regard to land

17
WHY A STUDY ON RURAL LAND
  • 3. Action
  • Documentary study in 2004
  • Re-updating in 2009
  • Regional validation workshop by the role players
  • New road map

18
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE STUDY
  • The WAEMU Commission, executive body of the
    Union, positions itself as a facilitator and
    assistant of the national land processes under
    way in its Member States
  • WAEMU must especially work towards the promotion
    of national land reforms compatible with the
    Unions objectives (creation of a common market)

19
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMANDATIONS OF THE STUDY
  • The action plan was adopted around four main
    areas of intervention
  • Axis 1 Appropriation of the WAEMU initiative by
    Member States and strategic partners
    dissemination of the study / organization of
    technical workshops on the axes of intervention
  • Working visits within the States (needs
    priorities topics of common interest)
  • Cooperation with sub regional organizations
    (ECOWAS) CILSS BCEAO BOAD OHADA AU).

20
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMANDATIONS OF THE STUDY
  • Axis 2 Implementation of a structure of
    documentation, information, monitoring-evaluation
    and decision support Regional Land Observatory
    in West Africa (ORFAO).
  • Axis 3 Support to the strengthening of regional
    capacities in matters relating to land.
  • Axis 4 Assistance to Member States regarding
    the promotion and regulation of land markets.

21
REGIONAL LAND OBSERVATORY IN WEST AFRICA
  • - Objectives
  • Within the context of the WAEMU, the Observatory
    will play an informative and advisory role on
    land issues, provide decision support and the
    progressive harmonisation of policies as well as
    provide advice in matters relating to land
    policies
  • The Observatory should also contribute to the
    collaborative/concerted identification of
    in-depth topics, the establishment of task forces
    and the organisation of regular technical
    workshops

22
REGIONAL LAND OBSERVATORY IN WEST AFRICA
  • - Objectives(continued)
  • for the construction of common positions on
    strategic land issues such as those relating to
    the new land rush or those relating to climate
    change.
  • Another component that would support the
    Observatory would be the development and
    experimentation of common indicators for
    monitoring-evaluation of policies and legislation

23
REGIONAL LAND OBSERVATORY IN WEST AFRICA
  • - Main tasks of the Observatory
  • Compile relevant and up-to-date land
    documentation and ensure the flow of information
    at the level of the Member States of WAEMU
  • Ensure implementation and circulation of studies
    on common land problems or those felt by the
    Member States of WAEMU, and

24
REGIONAL LAND OBSERVATORY IN WEST AFRICA
  • Main tasks of the Observatory (continued)
  • Identify the relevant response routes for
    submission for consideration by the States
  • Support documentation, capitalisation and
    dissemination of good practices from the pilot
    experiences of innovative land management

25
REGIONAL LAND OBSERVATORY IN WEST AFRICA
  • Main tasks of the Observatory (continued)
  • Promote the development of land indicators and
    monitoring-evaluation activities of the
    implementation of land policies and legislation
    in the Union.

26
REGIONAL LAND OBSERVATORY IN WEST AFRICA
  • A feasibility study would allow for the
    definition of the institutional contours of the
    Observatory, specify its intervention scope and
    the modalities of its operation.

27
CONCLUSION
  • The process has begun, which indicates a strong
    political will. It has to be pursued by
    implicating all players concerned with the issue
    of rural land.
  • It is also necessary to maintain highly effective
    communication around this central but very
    sensitive issue for economic and social
    integration at the regional level.

28
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29
THANK YOU
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