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Graphic Novels: Inference


Title: Graphic Novels: Improve Reading Comprehension and Analysis Author: trina.bright Last modified by: trina.bright Created Date: 11/1/2006 12:43:15 AM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Graphic Novels: Inference

Graphic Novels Inference
  • The great sorrow of my life is never having done
    comics - Pablo Picasso
  • Trina Bright

How do we find meaning in words?
  • Words mean more than what is set down on paper.
    It takes the human voice to infuse them with the
    shades of deeper meaning.
  • Maya Angelou
  • What the reader brings to the page is more
    important to comprehension than what is on the
  • Alvermann Phelps

  • Reading in the Twenty-First Century often
    involves more than the mere understanding of
    words. . . . reading of words is but a subset
    of a much more general human activity which
    includes symbol decoding, information integration
    and organization . . . (Wolf)

  • Inference is the process of creating a personal
    meaning from text. The readers unique
    interpretation of text is the product of this
    blending. Students remember and apply what is
    read, create new background knowledge,
    discriminate and critically analyze text and
    authors, and engage in analytical or reflective
  • Mosaics of Thought, Keene Zimmerman
  • Encoding Message Decoding Message
  • story closure
  • encapsulation cognitive reaction
  • layout affective reaction
  • composition story

Blend between the lines??
  • In comics, meaning does not 'happen' in the
    words, or the pictures, but somewhere in-between.
    Because this "in-between" space is difficult to
    identify and varies from title to title, reading
    comic books requires an active, yet subconscious,
    participation on the part of the reader.
  • The Power of Comics, Duncan
  • Closure Meaning derived as the reader fills in
    the details of the empty spaces between the

Inferences skilled readers use When Kids Cant
Read, Beers
  • Figure out unknown word meaning from context
  • Understand intonation of characters words
  • Provide details about the setting, characters
    beliefs, personalities, and motivations
  • Understand characters relationships to one
  • Understand the authors biases and view of the
  • Offer conclusions from facts presented in the

Inference in Comics
  • Moment to Moment

Inference in comics Encapsulation
  • Action to Action

  • Subject to Subject

  • Scene to Scene

  • Aspect to Aspect

  • Non Sequitor

What movies are based on comic books?
  • Road to Perdition Incredible Hulk Popeye
  • V for Vendetta The Phantom Elektra
  • Garfield Chasing Amy Flash Gordon
  • The Mask Sin City
  • American Splendor Richie Rich Dick Tracy
  • A History of Violence Fantastic Four Men in
  • Blade Judge Dredd X-Men
  • Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Ghost World
  • League of Extraordinary Gentlemen
  • Catwoman Superman Batman Spiderman

Recommended for Elementary
  • Archie
  • Justice League Unlimited
  • Power Puff Girls
  • Walt Disney Comics
  • Scooby Doo
  • Lions, Tigers, Bears
  • Degrassi
  • Queen Bee
  • Bone
  • Owly
  • Astro Boy
  • Goosebumps
  • Breaking Up
  • Baby-Sitters Club
  • African Myths
  • Myths and Popular Stores from Around the World
  • Lost Cities
  • The New Adventures of Abe Lincoln

  • Cartoon History of the Universe I, II, III
  • Suspended in Language Niels Bohr's Life
    Discoveries and the Centuries he shaped Fallout
    Atomic Bomb
  • Cartoon Guide to the Computer
  • Street Law Rights and Liberties / Supernatural
  • Poe
  • Maus
  • Two Fisted Science Stories about Scientists
  • Suspended in Language
  • Adventures An Adventure in Evolution
  • Quantum Physics
  • Who is Fourier and What is Quantum Mechanics?
  • The Genie in the Bottle 67 all New Connections
    of the Fantastic Chemistry of Everyday Life
  • Genetik, Genetics, Environments
  • Pedro and Me Friendship Lost and What I Learned
  • Still I Rise A Living History of African
  • Adolph
  • Pedro and Me Friendship Lost and What I Learned

Recommended for Secondary
  • Lizzie McGuire
  • Angel
  • Superfriends
  • Young Justice
  • Justice League of America
  • Mage, The Hero Defined
  • League of Extraordinary Gentleman
  • Green Lantern
  • Oh My Goodness!
  • Promethea
  • The Yellow Jar
  • Bone
  • Buffy Vampire Slayer
  • Archie
  • Smallville
  • The Sandman
  • Tom Strong
  • Mark Twain Ambrose Bierce Jack London
    (Graphic Classics)

  • Tone - Each student creates a six panel visual
    narrative on index cards. No words are used. The
    cards are then collected and passed onto another
    student who adds narration to them on a second
    set of cards. This happens five times, so that
    each picture-sequence has five different
    narrations to go with it.
  • Irony - Students create a picture sequence with
    narration. At one point the narration should be
    parallel to the story in the picture sequence
    (that is, appear to be telling a completely
    different story), and at another point it should
    shift to relate very closely to the pictures.

  • Mood - Create a sequence using all six of these
  • the standard speech balloon
  • the bubbly thought balloon
  • the dotted-line whisper balloon
  • the spiked shout balloon
  • the jagged-edged telephone balloon
  • the icicle-trimmed conceited balloon

  • Metaphor Find "visual metaphors." In Art
    Spiegelman's Maus, there is the unforgettable
    image of Spiegelman (wearing a mouse-mask, an
    ongoing metaphor throughout the comic), slumped
    over his drawing table, with the rotting bodies
    of concentration camp victims underneath. In this
    case, the drawing eloquently illustrates the
    author's feelings of guilt for profiting from a
    holocaust story.
  • Using a selection of pieces from a collection of
    short stories, students translate the story into
    a 2-4 page visual sequence, using as little
    narration as possible. A strong emphasis is
    placed on finding visual ways to recreate the
    same effects the writer achieved with literary
    conventions, such as metaphor.
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