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Preparing for a Joint Needs Assessment (JNA) and Recovery Framework (RF)

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Preparing for a Joint Needs Assessment (JNA) and Recovery Framework (RF) ... Achieving universal primary education 3. Promoting gender equality 4. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Preparing for a Joint Needs Assessment (JNA) and Recovery Framework (RF)


1
Preparing for a Joint Needs Assessment (JNA) and
Recovery Framework (RF)
  • Presentation of the UN/WB
  • JNA Preparation Mission

2
OUTLINE
  • The Joint Needs Assessment (JNA) Approach
  • Prioritizing needs
  • Recovery planning and costing
  • Developing a results-based recovery framework and
    monitoring

3
1. The Joint Needs Assessment Approach
4
The Joint NA Approach
  • Jointly identify, prioritize and finance
    recovery and development needs for countries in
    transition.
  • Focus
  • Deepening peace and security
  • Transition from relief to development
  • Community and institutional capacity building
  • Economic stabilization and recovery
  • Covering key priority sectors and cross-cutting
    issues

5
Stakeholders
  • Participatory and consultative
  • Somali authorities and people
  • Local and international CSOs/NGOs
  • Regional Entities IGAD, AU, Arab League
  • United Nations, World Bank
  • Donors

6
Guiding Principles
  • Keep it simple
  • National ownership and participation
  • Broad support from all partners One team
    approach regular consultations
  • Legitimacy
  • Credibility High quality analysis and realistic
    expectations
  • Prioritize, integrate and sequence Quick wins
  • Do no harm peace-building and reconciliation

7
Do No Harm
  • Adopt a conflict analysis framework consider
    factors affecting conflict when developing
    recovery strategies, policies and programs
  • Analyse causes and impact of conflict
  • Examine linkages between poverty and conflict
  • In order to deepen peace building and support
    reconciliation efforts

8
Recent Experiences
  • Recent post-conflict needs assessments in Timor
    Leste, Afghanistan, Iraq, Liberia, Haiti and
    Sudan
  • Similar needs, issues and priorities
  • But each JNA is very different, respecting
    contexts, objectives and processes
  • Importance of substance and process (confidence
    building, enhanced cooperation)

9
Prioritizing Needs
10
National Vision
  • Based on a national vision, Somalia in 2010,
    taking into account
  • Challenges
  • Opportunities
  • National sources, e.g.
  • Transitional Federal Charter
  • Peace process
  • International sources, e.g.
  • International human rights instruments
  • Millennium Development Goals

11
Millennium Development Goals
  • 1. Halving extreme poverty and hunger
  • 2. Achieving universal primary education
  • 3. Promoting gender equality
  • 4. Reducing child mortality by two-thirds
  • 5. Reducing maternal mortality by three-quarters
  • 6. Reversing the spread of HIV/AIDS, malaria and
    TB
  • 7. Ensuring environmental sustainability
  • 8. Developing a global partnership for
    development with targets for aid, trade and debt
    relief

12
Selective MDGs in focus
GOAL TARGET INDICATORS
Achieve universal primary education By 2015, children everywhere are able to complete a full course of primary schooling Gross enrolment in primary education- boys, girls, total Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 5- boys, girls, total Literacy rates of 15-24 year olds- men, women, total
Reduce child mortality Reduce by two thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under -5 mortality rate Under-5 mortality rate Infant mortality rate Proportion of 1-year olds immunized against measles
Ensure environmental sustainability (water focus) Half by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water Proportion of population with sustainable access to improved water source
13
Identifying Priority Clusters
  • Substantive priorities reflecting consensus among
    national parties and other stakeholders
  • Priorities
  • Strategic
  • Realistic
  • Integrated
  • Nexus between conflict and development
  • Focus on recovery

14
Cross-cutting Issues
  • Affecting all or majority of priority clusters
  • Integrate to ensure that outcomes, programs and
    inputs reflect these issues
  • Example Gender in clusters/sub-clusters
  • Education Girls education
  • Health Reproductive health
  • Governance, rule of law Property and
    inheritance rights for women
  • Livelihoods Increasing number of women as bread
    winners

15
Steps for Priority Clusters
  • Identify sector objectives and priorities
  • Undertake conflict analysis
  • Assess national/local implementation capacities
  • Develop action programs to achieve objectives
  • Mainstream cross-cutting issues
  • Prepare a results-based framework
  • Cost development assistance needs

16
Methodology
  • Review of baseline documents
  • Commission thematic reports and inputs
  • Sector working papers
  • Field observations/assessments
  • Focus group consultations
  • Thematic workshops
  • National stakeholder consultations
  • Use of national expertise, international
    consultants and advisory services from UN system,
    World Bank, and donors

17
3. Recovery Planning and Costing
18
OBJECTIVES
  • For each cluster/sub-cluster (eg. Water)
  • Identify time bound output targets
  • Develop action programs to attain these agreed
    output targets and
  • Estimate the financial resources needed to
    implement the planned action programs.

19
Outcome Target Setting
  • For each cluster and sub-cluster
  • Reflect country situation and regional
    differences
  • National objectives and MDGs provide longer-term
    targets
  • Identify ambitious but realistic outcome targets
    for two and five year timeframes (e.g. percentage
    of household with access to safe drinking water)

20
Deficit analysis - illustration
21
Action Program Development and Costing
  • Identify action programs to achieve agreed
    outcomes for each cluster and sub-cluster,
    through a Transitional Results Matrix framework
  • Assess cost of these action programs
  • Over time own resources will increasingly
    replace donor funds as primary source of
    financing

22
4. Developing a Results-based Recovery Framework
and Monitoring
23
Transitional Results Matrix
  • Identifies key time bound outcomes and action
    programs and places them in a simply calendar
    frame
  • Clarifies expectations and forces prioritization
  • Highlights sequencing and linkages
  • Outlines key responsibilities
  • Provides monitoring mechanism and hence
    facilitates corrective actions

24
Guidelines
  • Build upon the best possible baseline data
  • Disaggregate as needed to reflect important, e.g.
    regional and gender differences
  • Be realistic when selecting benchmarks and
    monitorable targets
  • Involve all stakeholders fully in selecting
    benchmarks and indicators
  • Regularly review and be prepared to revise in
    response to unforeseen developments

25
Methodology
  • Identify major results and outcomes first
  • Work backwards to establish interim targets,
    benchmarks and indicators
  • Include time for consultations, investigation of
    options, decision-making, capacity building and
    implementation
  • Establish needed information and monitoring
    systems
  • ?Keep it simple!

26
Example Water for Human Consumption
  • Outcome
  • MDG target is to halve the proportion of people
    without sustainable access to safe drinking water
    by 2015
  • Possible recovery program goal reduce the
    proportion of people without sustainable access
    to safe drinking water by 20 percent by 2010
  • Outputs
  • Physical of water points constructed or
    rehabilitated providing safe and reliable water
  • Indicator
  • Proportion of population with sustainable access
    to safe drinking water

27
Target outcome Base-line Key Actions Key Actions Key Actions
Target outcome Base-line Year 1 Year 2 Year 3-5
2015 halve the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water 2010 reduce by 20 the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water About 20 have assess to reliable and safe drinking water in 2005 - Preliminary assessments completed - Construction and rehabilitation of water sources initiated - X of water points constructed/ rehabilitation - of X technicians and entrepreneurs trained - Arrange for NGO participation in service delivery - Targets for water points and boreholes met - Ongoing infrastructure construction - X of technicians and entrepreneurs trained
28
Uses
  • Meetings government-community,
    government-donors etc
  • Sector coordination
  • Scheduling actions e.g. contracts for roads,
    legislation, data collection
  • Organizing funding, technical assistance and
    capacity building
  • Managing monitoring
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