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Situation of Persons with Disabilities in Ethiopia

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Situation of Persons with Disabilities in Ethiopia Disability in Ethiopia Prevalence WHO Estimation [10% -Over 7,000,000 ] 1995 Baseline Survey [2.95%-Over 2,500,000 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Situation of Persons with Disabilities in Ethiopia


1
Situation of Persons with Disabilities in Ethiopia
2
Disability in Ethiopia
  • Prevalence
  • WHO Estimation 10 -Over 7,000,000
  • 1995 Baseline Survey 2.95-Over 2,500,000

3
Prevalence of Disability by Type

Tirussew etal. Baseline Survey, 1995 MD Motor
Disorders VI Visual Impairment HI
Hearing Impairment ID Intelectual
Disablity BP Behavioural problems S M
Speech Multiple Disablitity
4
Causes of Disability
  • Pre-, Peri- Post-natal Disabling factors
  • Health and psychosocial condition of the
    prospective mother (health, nutrition and
    psychological conditions)
  • Childhood infectious diseases
  • Malnutrition Under-nutrition
  • Complications during at the time of delivery
  • Harmful traditional practices
  • Lack of personal hygiene environmental
    sanitation
  • Genetic anomalies

5
Society and Disability
  • Traditional Model (Socio-cultural, religious
    social constructs)
  • Divine force, possessed by POSSESSED evil
    spirits, wrong deeds, curse punishment etc.
  • Dependent, subject of charity,
  • Sign of shame and disappointment
  • Hidden behind the home

6
Status of persons with Disabilities
  • Discrimination of service provision (education,
    health, employment, transportation and other
    accessibility issues)
  • Unemployment (Dependency Syndrome)
  • Psychological ramifications (low self-esteem)
  • Constitute the poorest of the poor in society

7
Access to Education
  • Number of School age Children in Ethiopia 7-16
    age 15,203,092 (3 (456092) (MOE,2005)
  • 1- 4560 have access to education
  • Children with sensory impairment
  • Children with intellectual disabilities

8
Children not going to school spend their
timelooking after cattle
9
Education of Children with Disabilities
  • I. Special Schools (20)
  • a) Day Residential Schools for the Deaf
    GOs, NGOs, National Associations of PwDs
    Faith-Based Organization
  • b) Residential Schools of the Blind 9
  • (5) GOs, NGOs, National Associations of PwDs
    Faith-Based Organization )
  • II Special Classes in Regular Public Schools
    (over 250)
  • III. Reversed Inclusion (Mekanissa)
  • III Emerging Inclusive Schools NGOs GOs

10
Opportunities/Government Policies
  • Education Training Policy TGE, 1994
  • While this provision is meant to address the
    needs of all children, the Policy, with an
    appreciation of the needs of students with
    disabilities has indicated that "Special
    educational and training will be provided for
    people with special needs" (No. 3.2.9).It has
    further confirmed that efforts will be made to
    enable both the handicapped and the gifted learn
    in accordance with their potential and need (No.
    2.2.3).

11
Government Policies
  • Developmental and Social Welfare Policy
  • FDRE,1997
  • affirms that all efforts shall be made to
    implement all international and regional
    conventions and legal instruments concerning the
    rights of children which Ethiopia has already
    acceded to (Article 5.1.3).
  • The Constitution FDRE, 1995
  • article 41 sub articles no.5 and no. 50 clearly
    state about the rights of citizens to equal
    access to publicly funded services the support
    that shall be given to accommodate the needs of
    PwDs.

12
International Instruments Other Agencies
  • International and Regional Conventions on the
    rights of persons with disabilities (law of the
    land)
  • Ethiopian National Associations of Persons with
    disabilities
  • Civic societies and local and international NGO,

13
Encouraging trends on the ground
  • The expansion of special classes aim at creating
    inclusive schools
  • The strategic expansion of SNE in ESDP IV
    (2010-2015)
  • The Inclusion of SNE in the Growth and
    Transformation Plan -2010-2015
  • Emergence of Cluster Resource Centers (school in
    the catchments )
  • Introduction of mobile service , itinerant
    teachers
  • Expansion of SNE Teacher Education Programs in
    Higher Education Institutions
  • School-based In-service Professional Development
    Programs
  • Community-based rehabilitation and intervention
    programs (NGO, National Associations etc.)
  • ECCE Policy Frame-work (inter-sectorial
    cooperation)

14
Encouraging Developments at Addis Ababa
University
  • Academic programs at all levels (BA/MA/PhD)
  • Disability and Career Development Center
  • Sign language Education at Linguistics Dept.
  • Braille Collection Reading Section at Kennedy
    library
  • Associations of SwDs VISA,PISA HISA)
  • Financial support (monthly pocket money, for
    writing senior essays, thesis and for exam
    readers)
  • Accommodation and dining during summer vacation

15
The Way to the Future Inclusive Education
  • Educational Reform (attitude, accessibly
    curriculum, methodology etc)
  • Early childhood Care and Education
  • Primary Education
  • Secondary Education
  • Technical vocational Education
  • Tertiary Education

16
Challenges of Inclusive Education in
Ethiopia
  • The Educational System

Unable to accommodate diversity
Rigid curriculum methods Neg. attitude of
teachers school mangers Large class size Many
Early drop-outs repeaters
Lack of Instructional materials equipment
Architectural Barriers services facilities
17
Language with its own script
18
  • thank you !!
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